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Joint rule with Justinian I (his nephew), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D. Of Macedonian peasant origin, Justin I rose through the ranks of the military and was proclaimed emperor by the army on 10 July 518 A.D. He was uneducated, but intelligent enough to rely upon the policy advice of his brilliant nephew, Justinian I. Justinian was raised to the rank of co-Emperor months before Justin's death on 1 August 527 A.D.
Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.
A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale. In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian I the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Persian geographer Ibn Khurdadhbih as lying in ruins. The settlement was restricted to the hilltop citadel. In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and c. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.BZ82687. Bronze follis, DOC I 28b, Morrisson BnF I 2/Ni/AE/01, Wroth BMC 53, Ratto 417, Hahn MIB I 35, Sommer 2.26, Berk 65, SBCV 83, Tolstoi -, gF, well centered, very dark green patina, highlighting red earthen deposits, edge split/crack, weight 13.231 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKM (Nicomedia) in exergue; from an American Collector; $70.00 (€59.50)
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.SH51671. Gold solidus, SBCV 56, DOC I 2, Berk 38, Hahn MIB I 3, Wroth BMC 1 - 6, EF, weight 4.412 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassedbust facing, shield on left arm, spear in right over shoulder; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG E (victory of the three emperors, 5th officina), angel standing facing, holding long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD
They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.SH54778. Gold solidus, DOC I 2h, Berk 38, Hahn MIB I 3, Wroth BMC 1 - 6, SBCV 56, gVF, some die rust, wavy, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 522 - 527; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassedbust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm ornamented with horseman; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG Θ (victory of the three emperors, 9th officina), angel standing facing, long cross in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD
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