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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Justinian Dynasty| ▸ |Justin I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

Joint rule with Justinian I (his nephew), 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.
Of Macedonian peasant origin, Justin I rose through the ranks of the military and was proclaimed emperor by the army on 10 July 518 A.D. He was uneducated, but intelligent enough to rely upon the policy advice of his brilliant nephew, Justinian I. Justinian was raised to the rank of co-Emperor months before Justin's death on 1 August 527 A.D.
Map 526 AD


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It appears that, to increase the weight, two plugs were added to the center of the flan before striking.
SH73335. Gold solidus, DOC I 9h, Morrisson BnF I 2/Cp/AE/17, Tolstoi 37, Ratto 462, Sommer 4.3, Hahn MIB I 7, SBCV 140, Wroth BMC -, VF, centered on a broad flan, flan adjustment plugs, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 545 - 565 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed bust facing, globus in right, shield decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H (victory of the three emperors, 8th officina), angel standing facing in tunic and pallium, holding long staff topped with P in right and globus cruciger in left, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH52916. Gold tremissis, Morrisson BnF I 2/Cp/AV/17 (also with M resembling H), DOC I 4, Wroth BMC 11, Sommer 2.4, Hahn MIB I 4, SBCV 58, EF, lustrous, double struck, graffito, weight 1.482 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 491 - 518 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A graffito in front; reverse VICTORIA AVGVSTORH (the victory of the Emperor), Victory advancing right, head left, holding wreath and globus cruciger, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH17771. Gold solidus, DOC I 1a, SBCV 55, nice aEF, graffiti 'X' left obverse field; scratches above Victory reverse edge, wavy flan, weight 4.408 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 518 - 519 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AVI, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, shield on left arm, spear in right over shoulder; reverse VICTORI-A AVCCC B, Victory standing half left, jeweled cross in right, star left, CONOB in exergue; from the Woolslayer Collection; SOLD


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The cross above the obverse bust is known on a similar type with crosses on both sides of the M.
BZ68784. Bronze follis, DOC I 49 var. (no cross on obverse); Hahn MIB 59 var. (same); SBCV 103 var. (same); MIBEC -; Wroth -; Ratto -; Tolstoi -, F, weight 15.380 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVGS, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, cross above; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, crescent turned outward right, B below (2nd officina), ANTX in exergue; apparently unpublished; SOLD


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Alexandria was founded c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained the capital of Hellenistic, Roman and then Byzantine Egypt for almost one thousand years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in A.D. 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo).
BZ39439. Bronze 12 nummi, DOC I 58, SBCV 112, VF, weight 4.503 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Egypt, Alexandria mint, 518 - 527; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AV, diademed and draped bust right; reverse large I B (12 nummi) with cross between, AΛEZ (Alexandria) in exergue; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, April - 1 August 527 A.D.

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This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.
SH65333. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB I 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BnF I -, Ratto -, F, weight 2.035 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS P P AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, reversed E left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; SOLD


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BZ57475. Bronze follis, DOC I 33a (1st officina missing from the collection but refs Ratto 418); Hahn MIB I 38a, SBCV 88, Morrisson -, Wroth BMC -, VF, weight 16.977 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 200o, 1st officina, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two crosses, cross above, A below, NIKM in exergue; rare variant; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, 4 April - 1 August 527 A.D.

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During Justin's reign (518–527), Justinian was the emperor's close confidant and was probably acting as a regent long before Justin made him co-emperor on 1 April 527. Justinian was appointed consul in 521 and later commander of the army of the east. As Justin became senile near the end of his reign, Justinian became the de facto ruler. Upon Justin's death on 1 August 527, Justinian became the sole sovereign.
BZ83458. Bronze follis, DOC I 10b, Morrisson BnF 3/Cp/AE/1, Berk 112, SBCV 125, Hahn MIB I 4, Sommer 3.5, Wroth BMC 7 var. (P vice PP), Tolstoi 144 var. (same), Ratto -, F, irregular flan, large flan crack/flaw, weight 14.590 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople mint, 4 Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTIN ET IVSTINIAN P P AVΓ, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust of Justin right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, six-pointed star left, cross right, B (2nd officina) below, CON (Constantinope) in exergue; rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin I and Justinian I, April - 1 August 527 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
This tiny bronze from Antioch is the last coin type to depict the Tyche of Antioch by Eutychides and, indeed, it is the last ancient coin type to depict any classical deity. The sculpture, which first appeared on coins of Antioch in the second century B.C., was made in the late 4th Century B.C. by the Greek sculptor Eutychides of Sicyon for the then newly founded city of Antioch. The sculpture was imitated by many Asiatic cities. There is a small copy in the Vatican.
BZ73040. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 17, Hahn MIB 13, Wroth BMC 10 - 11, SBCV 133, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, F, nice glossy green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 1.716 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Apr - 1 Aug 527 A.D.; obverse D N D N IVSTINVS ET IVSTINIANVS P P AVG (or similar), diademed, draped and cuirassed busts of Justin and Justinian facing; reverse Tyche of Antioch seated left, reversed E left, all within a distyle shrine; very rare; SOLD


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The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity,” for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
BZ54972. Bronze follis, Morrisson BnF I 2/Cp/AE/4; Hahn MIBE 60.2; SBCV 103; DOC I 49 var. (AVC, officina B, ANTX); Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -; Ratto -, F, flaw on reverse, weight 15.117 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 190o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS PP AVCS, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, star left, crescent turned outward right, no officina indicated, ANTIX in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
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Metcalf, M. "Folles and fractional copper minted at Thessaloniki under Justin I" in JNG XXX (1980).
Metcalf, W. "Joint Reign Gold of Justin I and Justinian I" in SEBGC.
Metlich, M. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale I, 491 - 711. (Paris, 1970).
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Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 1914).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).
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Catalog current as of Wednesday, December 11, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Justin I