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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Crisis and Decline| ▸ |Herennia Etruscilla||View Options:  |  |  | 

Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253? A.D.

Herennia Etruscilla was the wife of Trajan Decius. As with most third century Roman empresses, very little about her is known. She lived to sink into obscurity after her husband and sons perished. She probably retained the title of Augusta under Trebonianus Gallus and coins may have been struck for her as late as 253 A.D.


Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253 A.D.

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Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of Arria, an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor Claudius ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. Arria took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."
RS91450. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 59b, RSC IV 19, Hunter III 10, SRCV III 9495, Choice gVF, superb portrait, bold centered strike, old cabinet toning, flow lines, some reverse die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.653 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 250 A.D.; obverse HER ETRVSCILLA AVG, draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders, wearing stephane, hair in plait looped at the back of head; reverse PVDICITIA AVG (virtue of the Empress), Pudicitia (modesty) seated left, drawing veil from face with right hand, scepter in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $150.00 (Ä132.00)


Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253(?) A.D., Antioch, Syria

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Antioch was called "the cradle of Christianity" as a result of its longevity and the pivotal role that it played in the emergence of both Hellenistic Judaism and early Christianity. The name "Christian" first emerged in Antioch. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian Tetrapolis, and its residents were known as Antiochenes. It was a metropolis of half a million people during Augustan times, but it declined to relative insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes, and a change in trade routes, which no longer passed through Antioch from the far east following the Mongol conquests.
RY06962. Billon tetradrachm, cf. McAlee 1168, Prieur 616, SNG Cop -, BMC Galatia -, aEF, well centered, flat areas on eagle, weight 10.760 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse EPENNIA ETOPOVCKIΛΛA CEB, draped bust right, crescent behind shoulders, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges, plait looped up the back of her head; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (holder of Tribunitian power), eagle standing facing on palm frond, head left, wings open, wreath in beak, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Fecunditas (Latin: "fecundity, fertility") was the goddess of fertility. She was portrayed as a matron, sometimes holding a cornucopia or a hasta pura, often with children in her arms or standing next to her.
RB83107. Copper as, RIC IV 134b, Cohen V 10, SRCV III 9507, Hunter III 13 var. (AVGG), nice VF, pleasing portrait, attractive green patina, weight 8.936 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 250 - 251 A.D.; obverse HERENNIA ETRVSCILLA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in horizontal ridges, plait looped at the back of neck; reverse FECVNDITAS AVG, Fecunditas standing left, right hand extended over child standing at her feet left, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

HERENNIAETRVSCILLAAVG
HERETRVSCILLAAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H.B., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 13, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Herennia Etruscilla