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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Republic ▸ 150-100 B.C.View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Republic 150 - 100 B.C.

Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79630. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 743 (O AC8 / R 592); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, toned, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 16.745 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH monogram inner left; $270.00 (240.30)


Roman Macedonia, "Thasian" Type, c. 148 - 80 B.C.

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This Dionysos / Herakles type was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the area, "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in Macedonia but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly Celtic or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.
GS79631. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Thasos, group XII, monogram 6, 834 (O AF4 / R 462); SNG Cop 1040 ff., VF, high relief convex obverse, concave reverse, toned, centered on a tight flan, die wear, scratches and marks, weight 16.949 g, maximum diameter 32.7 mm, die axis 315o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing taenia and wreathed in flowering ivy; reverse HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH monogram inner left; $270.00 (240.30)


Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.

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Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.
RR77516. Bronze as, Crawford 313/2, Sydenham 575 (very rare), BMCRR I Rome 1357, Russo RBW 1160, SRCV I 733, gF, well centered, light corrosion, edge cracks, weight 24.804 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse Prow right, head of Venus decorating acrostolium (prow-stem), Cupid standing left before prow and placing wreath on head of Venus, L MEMMI (ME ligate) above, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; $180.00 (160.20)


Roman Republic, L. Julius L.F. Caesar, 103 B.C.

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The "heads" side of coin (and most but not all examples of this type) was struck with a hand-held (reverse) die and the "tails" side was struck with an anvil (obverse) die. It could be described with the heads side as the reverse. Venus refers to the mythical descent of the Julius Gens from Iulus, the grandson of Venus and Anchises, and the founder of Alba Longa. Crawford notes the control mark letter on the obverse and reverse of this type invariably match.
RR85232. Silver denarius, SRCV I 198, Sydenham 593, Crawford 320/1, RSC I Julia 4, RBW Collection 1175, aVF, banker's mark on obverse, flan flaw on reverse, bumps, scratches, weight 3.811 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Mars left, R (control mark) above, CAESAR upwards behind; reverse Venus in a biga pulled by cupids, holding scepter in right hand, reins in left hand, R (control mark) above, lyre below left, LIVLILF in exergue; $130.00 (115.70)


Roman Republic, Anonymous (Elephant Head), 128 B.C.

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The elephant head recalls the victory of L. Caecilius Metellus over Hasdrubal at Panormus in 250 B.C. and the capture of Hasdrubal's elephants. The moneyer is perhaps L. Caecilius Metellus Diadematus, Consul 117 B.C., or L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, Consul 119 B.C.
RR84586. Bronze semis, Crawford 262/2, Sydenham 497, BMCRE Rome 1048, SRCV I 880, VF, nice dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, tight partially ragged flan, weight 7.242 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, 128 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, elephant head wearing bell facing right above, S (mark of value) right, ROMA below; ex CNG (part of bulk lot), ex RBW Collection; rare; $105.00 (93.45)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 135 - 100 B.C.

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RR72284. Copper quadrans, McCabe Anonymous group L1.Qd.1, BMCRR I Rome 1196, F, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, c. 135 - 100 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, three pellets before, ROMA below; $95.00 (84.55)


Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.

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In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR66996. Bronze semis, SRCV I 869, Sydenham 464, Crawford 242/2, BMCRR 955, aF, rough, weight 8.377 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, CAVG above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; $80.00 (71.20)


Numismatica Ars Classica Auction 73, The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - Part II

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A superb series of denarii of the Social War, an exceptional aureus of Sulla, the rare denarius Q. Pomponius Muta with the muse Erato, and many more auction items are included in this collection.
BK10370. Numismatica Ars Classica (NAC 73), The Collection of Roman Republican Coins of A Student And His Mentor - Part II, 18 Nov 2013, 85 pages, illustration throughout, paperback; $4.00 (3.56)







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Monnaies de la Republique Romaine. (Paris, 1885).
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Grueber, H.A. Coins of the Roman Republic in The British Museum. (London, 1910).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Sicily (including Lipara), Civic, Royal, Siculo-Punic, and Romano-Sicilian Issues, Sixth to First Centuries BC. HGC 2. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
McCabe, A. "The Anonymous Struck Bronze Coinage of the Roman Republic: A Provisional Arrangement" in Essays Russo.
Russo, R. The RBW Collection of Roman Republican Coins. (Zurich, 2013).
Rutter, N.K. ed. Historia Numorum. Italy. (London, 2001).
Seaby, H.A., D. Sear, & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Volume I, The Republic to Augustus. (London, 1989).
Sear, D. R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 25, 2017.
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Roman Republic Coins of 150-100 B.C.