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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Orbiana||View Options:  |  |  | 

Orbiana, Augusta late 225 - 227 A.D., wife of Severus Alexander

Gneaea Seia Herennia Sallustia Barbia Orbiana was the wife of the emperor Severus Alexander, and married him in 225A.D. Her husband was obsessed with her; to the extent his mother Julia Mamaea saw her as a threat to her dominance and had her exiled to Libya.


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
SH43337. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 655, SRCV II 8193, Cohen IV 4, BMCRE VI 293, F, nice green patina, weight 16.542 g, maximum diameter 32.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 225 A.D.; obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM (harmony between the emperor and empress), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; rare; SOLD


Orbiana, Augusta, Late 225 - 227 A.D., Wife of Severus Alexander, Side, Pamphylia

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The great ruins of Side are among the most notable in Asia Minor. They cover a large promontory which a wall and a moat separate from the mainland. There are colossal ruins of a theater complex, the largest in Pamphylia, built in the 2nd century A.D. Following Roman design it relies on arches to support the sheer verticals. The Roman style was adopted because Side lacked a convenient hillside that could be hollowed out in the usual Greek fashion more typical of Asia Minor. The stage building was ornately adorned but the decorations and the theater are damaged, in part due to a strong earthquake. The theater was converted into an open-air sanctuary with two chapels during the 5th or 6th century (Byzantine times).Theater at Side
SH57162. Bronze AE 31, apparently unpublished, BMC Lycia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG PfPS -, Lindgren -; cf. SNG BnF 844 (same obv die, Tyche rev); c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), F, weight 18.119 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 0o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, 225 - 227 A.D.; obverse ΓN CEI CAΛ Λ BAPB OPBIANH CE, draped bust right; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse CI∆HTΩN, Dionysos standing left, grapes(?) in right, thyrsos vertical behind in left; big 34 mm medalic bronze; extremely rare; SOLD


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RB72589. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina), RIC V-2 607, Cohen VI 53, SRCV IV 13115, VF, well centered, much silvering, porosity, weight 3.404 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 286 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI in exergue; SOLD


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SH10013. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 655, Van Meter 2/1, SRCV II 8193, Cohen IV 4, BMCRE VI 293, F, weight 21.4 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 225 - 227 A.D.; obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM (harmony between the emperor and empress), Concordia seated left holding patera and double cornucopia, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; rare; SOLD


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
SH33747. Silver denarius, RIC IV 319, RSC III 1, BMCRE VI 287, SRCV II 8191, Choice EF, near full circles centering, weight 3.097 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; scarce; SOLD


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SH33677. Silver denarius, mint error variety of RIC IV 319, RSC III 1, BMCRE VI 287, SRCV II 8191, EF, weight 3.246 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA - AAVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; mint luster; rare; SOLD


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SH08839. Copper as, RIC IV 656, BMCRE VI 297, Cohen IV 5, SRCV II 8195, aVF, weight 8.69 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 225 A.D.; obverse SALL BARBIA ORBIANA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGVSTORVM (harmony between the emperor and empress), Concordia seated left holding patera and double cornucopia, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; reverse weakly struck on left side, nice brown patina; very scarce; SOLD








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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

SALLBARBIAORBIANAAVG

REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 9, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Orbiana