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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Julia Mamaea||View Options:  |  |  | 

Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

Julia Mamaea was the highly intelligent and capable mother of Severus Alexander. After the death of her mother Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea was the power behind the throne and largely responsible for the impressive recovery of the Roman state that took place during her son's rule. Though popular with the population of the empire, the military was deeply offended at being controlled by a woman. In 235 A.D., Julia Mamaea and Severus Alexander were both murdered by mutinous soldiers led by the thug Maximinus I.


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.

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On 11 March 222, Elagabalus was assassinated, along with his mother, Julia Soaemias, by the Praetorian Guard. Their mutilated bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome before being thrown into the Tiber. Severus Alexander succeeded Elagabalus. He was only 13 years old, his mother, Julia Avita Mamaea, governed the Roman Empire with the help of Domitius Ulpianus and a council of 16 senators.
RS91439. Silver denarius, RIC IV 343, RSC III 35, BMCRE VI 43, Hunter III 1, SRCV II 8212, VF, well centered, nice portrait, light toning, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.527 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 11 Mar - 31 Dec 222 A.D.; obverse IVLIA MAMAEA AVG, draped bust right; reverse IVNO CONSERVATRIX (Juno the protectress), Juno standing half left, veiled, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, peacock right at feet on left; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $144.00 (126.72)


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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Hecate or Hekate is an underworld goddess of archaic origin associated with magic, childbirth, nurturing the young, gates and walls, doorways, crossroads, lunar lore, torches and dogs. During the Hellenistic period, she appeared as a three-faced goddess associated with ghosts, witchcraft, and curses. Today she is popular with modern witches and neo-pagans.
SH56016. Bronze triassarion, AMNG I/II 3296, Varbanov I 5453, aVF, rough surfaces, weight 7.322 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 225o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAMAIA AYΓ, draped bust right; reverse MHTPO ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, bust of Hekate triformis set on column, her six arms holding her torches of lunar fire, serpents of immortality and knives of midwifery, Γ (mark of value) in left; rare; SOLD


Julia Mamaea, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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Elpis was the Greek personification of Hope. According the Hesiod's famous story, Elpis was the last to escape the Pandora's box. It can be debated whether she was really about "hope" as we understand it, or rather mere "expectation." In art, Elpis is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. Elpis' Roman equivalent was Spes. She was also named "ultima dea" - the last resort of men.
SH20553. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 3064, VF, weight 12.026 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 231 - 232 A.D.; obverse IOY MAMAIA CEB MHTE CEB K CTP, diademed and draped bust right; reverse LIA ( year 11 ), Elpis (Greek Spes) standing left, holding flower and raising fold of drapery, palm branch before; nice surfaces; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

IVLIAMAMAEAAVG
IVLIAMAMAEAAVGMATAVGVSTI
IVLIAMAMAEAAVGVSTA
IVLIAMAMMAEAAVGVST


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 22, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Julia Mamaea