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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ EudoxiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - early October 404 A.D.

Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. She and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.


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Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia on both the obverse and reverse.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL88057. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 83 (S), LRBC II 2805, SRCV V 20890, DOCLR -, VF, glossy black patina, red earthen deposits, a few small pits, ragged edge, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the hand of God above, cross right, ANTA in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (59.50)


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Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. Eudoxia and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria, who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.
SH71708. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 101 (S), LRBC II 2231, DOCLR 274, SRCV V 20892, gVF, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, CONSA in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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In 403, Honorius and Stilicho were honored with a triumphal march for victories against the Goths and Vandals. This was the last Roman victory celebrated in Rome.
RL70603. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 103 (S), LRBC II 2589, DOCLR 282, SRCV V 20894, gVF, weight 2.093 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 45o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, SMKA exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AELEVDOXIAAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V, Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 24, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Eudoxia