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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ EudoxiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - early October 404 A.D.

Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. She and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.


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Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. Eudoxia and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria, who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.
RL79790. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 101 (S), LRBC II 2231, DOCLR 274, SRCV V 20892, aVF/aF, marks and scratches, weight 2.718 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield, CONSA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $40.00 (35.60)


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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL77779. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800, F, encrusted, weight 2.236 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; $27.00 (24.03)


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Eudoxia was the strong willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. She was mother to five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria. She died in childbirth.
SH65424. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 104 Arcadius (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 2800, gVF, fantastic desert patina, truly beautiful in hand, weight 1.854 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, wearing earrings and necklace, crowned with wreath by the Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated on cuirass inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AELEVDOXIAAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V, Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 28, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Eudoxia