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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ HonoriusView Options:  |  |  | 

Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.The Roman Empire 395 AD


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The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center.
BB83886. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 773 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Arcadius 149, LRBC II 2591, SRCV V 21010, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V -, F, well centered, dark patina with coppery high points, light scratches and corrosion, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 406 - 408 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outermost taller with heads toward center holding spear and hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $25.00 (22.25)


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The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center.
BB83858. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 772 (also 1st officina), RIC X Arcadius 149, LRBC II 2591, SRCV V 21010, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V -, F, dark green patina with coppery high points, scratches, edge splits, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 408 - 415 A.D.; obverse D N HONORI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outermost taller with heads toward center holding spear and hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, SMKA in exergue; $23.00 (20.47)


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On 24 August 410, the Visigoths under Alaric I sacked Rome after a third siege. Slaves opened the Salarian Gate and Goths looted the city for three days. St. Jerome, living in Bethlehem at the time, wrote that "The City which had taken the whole world was itself taken." It was the first time since 390 B.C. that Rome had fallen to an enemy and offers a dramatic measure of the decline of the Roman Empire.
RL84231. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X Honorius 1357, DOCLR 731-732 var. (1st and 2nd officina), LRBC II 828, SRCV V 21048, Cohen VIII 39, F, dark green patina, small tight flan cutting off legends and mintmark, weight 0.887 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 415 - 423 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory walking left, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, T left, RM in exergue; $20.00 (17.80)







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REFERENCES

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Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Ulrich-Bansa, O. Moneta Mediolanensis (352-498). (Venice, 1949).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 27, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Honorius