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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ HonoriusView Options:  |  |  | 

Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.The Roman Empire 395 AD


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At first, Honorius based his capital in Milan, but when the Visigoths under King Alaric I entered Italy in 401 he moved his capital to the coastal city of Ravenna, which was protected by a ring of marshes and strong fortifications. While the new capital was easier to defend, it was poorly situated to allow Roman forces to protect central Italy from the increasingly regular threat of barbarian incursions. The Emperor's residence remained in Ravenna until the overthrow of the last western Roman Emperor in 476. Recognizing its security, Ravenna was selected as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy, and also became the seat of the Byzantine exarchs.
RS84411. Silver siliqua, RIC X Honorius 1228, Ulrich-Bansa Moneta 67, RSC V 59b, SRCV V 20968, gVF, well centered and struck on a tight flan cutting off tops of some legend letters and mintmark, attractive toning, small edge splits, light marks and scratches, weight 1.295 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 397 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated left on cuirass, draped, wearing crested helmet, Victory on globe offering wreath in her right hand, inverted spear in her left hand, MDPS in exergue; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00


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In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was put under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was put under his eleven-year-old brother Honorius.
RL84367. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Antioch 68(e)2, DOCLR 707, LRBC II 2783, SRCV V 20989, Cohen VIII 30, VF, well centered, dark green patina marks and scratches, light corrosion, tiny edge crack, weight 4.965 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 165o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing facing, head right, diademed, in military dress, vexillum in right hand, globe in left hand, ANTΓ in exergue; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50


Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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Theodosius ruled in the east from Constantinople. His uncle Honorius ruled in the west from Mediolanum (Milan) and, after 401, from Ravenna.
BB77631. Bronze centenionalis, cf. RIC X Theodosius 410 (S), LRBC II 2225, Hahn MIRB 74, SRCV V 21204, VF/F, tight flan cutting off parts of legends, green patina with some coppery high points, weight 1.569 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 415 - 423 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front, star behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Theodosius II and Honorius standing facing, heads to center confronted, each holding spear in outer hand and supporting globe between them, CONS[...?] in exergue; rare; $38.00 SALE PRICE $34.20


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The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center.
BB83886. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 773 (also 2nd officina), RIC X Arcadius 149, LRBC II 2591, SRCV V 21010, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V -, F, well centered, dark patina with coppery high points, light scratches and corrosion, weight 1.458 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 406 - 408 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outermost taller with heads toward center holding spear and hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $25.00 SALE PRICE $22.50


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The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center.
BB83858. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 772 (also 1st officina), RIC X Arcadius 149, LRBC II 2591, SRCV V 21010, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V -, F, dark green patina with coppery high points, scratches, edge splits, weight 1.878 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 408 - 415 A.D.; obverse D N HONORI-VS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outermost taller with heads toward center holding spear and hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, SMKA in exergue; $23.00 SALE PRICE $20.70


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On 24 August 410, the Visigoths under Alaric I sacked Rome after a third siege. Slaves opened the Salarian Gate and Goths looted the city for three days. St. Jerome, living in Bethlehem at the time, wrote that "The City which had taken the whole world was itself taken." It was the first time since 390 B.C. that Rome had fallen to an enemy and offers a dramatic measure of the decline of the Roman Empire.
RL84231. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X Honorius 1357, DOCLR 731-732 var. (1st and 2nd officina), LRBC II 828, SRCV V 21048, Cohen VIII 39, F, dark green patina, small tight flan cutting off legends and mintmark, weight 0.887 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 415 - 423 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse VICTORIA AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Victory walking left, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, T left, RM in exergue; $20.00 SALE PRICE $18.00







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REFERENCES

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Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
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Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Ulrich-Bansa, O. Moneta Mediolanensis (352-498). (Venice, 1949).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, February 27, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Honorius