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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Flavius VictorView Options:  |  |  | 

Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.

Flavius Victor was the son of usurper Magnus Maximus. He may have been made Augustus as an infant. Although he appears as an adult, he was likely only four or five years old when his coins were struck. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and Flavius Victor as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 387, Maximus' reckless ambition led him to invade Italy. Victor was left behind in Trier. Maximus was defeated, surrendered and was executed by Theodosius I in 388. That fall, Theodosius' general Arbogast went to Trier and strangled young Flavius Victor.


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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RL84418. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Milan 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, VF, toned, clipped, weight 0.791 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left, MDPS in exergue; rare; $270.00 (240.30)


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Although the two concepts are related, virtus, for the Roman, did not necessarily emphasize the behavior that the associations of the present-day English term 'virtue' suggest. Virtus was to be found in the context of 'outstanding deeds' (egregia facinora), and brave deeds were the accomplishments which brought gloria ('a reputation'). This gloria was attached to two ideas: fama ('what people think of you') and dignitas ('one's standing in the community'). The struggle for virtus in Rome was above all a struggle for public office (honos), since it was through aspiring to high office, to which one was elected by the People, that a man could best show his manliness by means of military achievement which would in turn cultivate a reputation and votes. It was the duty of every aristocrat and would-be aristocrat to maintain the dignitas which his family had already achieved and to extend it to the greatest possible degree, through higher political office and military victories. This system resulted in a strong built-in impetus in Roman society to engage in military expansion and conquest at all times.
SH27865. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Mediolanum 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, Choice EF, beautiful cabinet toning, weight 1.174 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 387 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and reversed spear, MDPS in exergue; ex NAC; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Although the two concepts are related, virtus, for the Roman, did not necessarily emphasize the behavior that the associations of the present-day English term 'virtue' suggest. Virtus was to be found in the context of 'outstanding deeds' (egregia facinora), and brave deeds were the accomplishments which brought gloria ('a reputation'). This gloria was attached to two ideas: fama ('what people think of you') and dignitas ('one's standing in the community'). The struggle for virtus in Rome was above all a struggle for public office (honos), since it was through aspiring to high office, to which one was elected by the People, that a man could best show his manliness by means of military achievement which would in turn cultivate a reputation and votes. It was the duty of every aristocrat and would-be aristocrat to maintain the dignitas which his family had already achieved and to extend it to the greatest possible degree, through higher political office and military victories. This system resulted in a strong built-in impetus in Roman society to engage in military expansion and conquest at all times.
SH34984. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Mediolanum 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, Choice EF, well centered and struck, nice light toning, weight 1.766 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 387 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and reversed spear, MDPS in exergue; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNFLICTORPFAVG (BLUNDERED)
DNFLVICTORPFAVG
DNLFVICTORPFAVG (BLUNDERED)


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 21, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Flavius Victor