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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ PhokisView Options:  |  |  | 

Phokis, Greece

Phocis was mainly pastoral. The coinage of Phocis began at a very early period. Like the archaic money of Arcadia it is distinctly federal in character. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodical synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The Phocians were unpopular with other Greeks. In 480 B.C., a Phokian force of 1,000 volunteer shepherd boys was assigned to the heights at Thermopylae. They took one look at the advancing Persians and fled leaving open the back trail, allowed the Persians to destroy Leonidas and the Spartans. The following year the Phokians actually joined the Persian side, the losing side, in the Battle of Plataea.Central Greece


Phokian League, Phalaikos or The Triumvirate, 351 - 346 B.C.

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Phalaikos was ousted as the ruler of Phocis in 348 and replaced by the triumvirate of Deionkrates, Kallias and Sophanes, who ruled until 346. The three bull heads undoubtedly indicate a value three times contemporary types, which were about 1/3 the weight and with one bull head on the obverse. Perhaps this larger denomination was issued during these lean years to convince the populace of the arrival of better times. According to the Historia Numorum, the complete devastation of the land by Philip in 346 put an end to coinage in Phocis. Later types do exist but they are fewer and scarce or rare.
GB65546. Bronze trichalkon, BCD Lokris 328 ff.; BMC Central p. 93, pl. III, 21; Laffaille 346; SNG Cop 125, F, weight 9.057 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 135o, Phokikon mint, 351 - 346 B.C.; obverse ΦΩ−KE−ΩN, three facing bull's heads with sacrificial fillets, arranged in a triangle, muzzles inward touching; reverse large T in laurel wreath tied above; $110.00 (€97.90)
 


Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 440 - 420 B.C.

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Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head is perhaps symbolic of a special sacrifice held on behalf of the whole people, when a prize bull may have been the victim.
SH48380. Silver triobol, Williams Phokians 243, SNG Cop 99 ff. var. (legend placement), aVF, weight 2.946 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 150o, Phokis mint, obverse bull head facing; reverse ΦOKI, head of Artemis right, all within incuse square; scarce; SOLD


Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, Magistrate Phayllos, 352 - 351 B.C.

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Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head is perhaps symbolic of a special sacrifice held on behalf of the whole people, when a prize bull may have been the victim.
SH68678. Silver triobol, Williams Phokians 401 (O.266/R.233); SNG Cop 122 (same dies); BMC Central Greece 21, 78 ff.; BCD Phokis 311, VF, attractive style, toned, weight 2.614 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, Phokis mint, struck under Phayllos, 352 - 351 B.C.; obverse bull head facing; reverse laureate head of Apollo right, lyre behind, Φ − Ω below, all within a round convex field; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. I - III. (Cambridge, 1923-29).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Locris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG. The BCD Collection, Lokris - Phokis. Auction 55. (8 October 2010). Zürich.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Bàle, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Williams, R.T. Silver Coinage of the Phokians. (London, 1972).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 24, 2017.
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Phokis