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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Greece| ▸ |Phokis||View Options:  |  |  | 

Phokis, Greece

Phocis was mainly pastoral. The coinage of Phocis began at a very early period. Like the archaic money of Arcadia it is distinctly federal in character. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodical synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The Phocians were unpopular with other Greeks. In 480 B.C., a Phokian force of 1,000 volunteer shepherd boys was assigned to the heights at Thermopylae. They took one look at the advancing Persians and fled leaving open the back trail, which allowed the Persians to destroy Leonidas and the Spartans. The following year the Phokians actually joined the Persian side, the losing side, in the Battle of Plataea.Central Greece


Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 440 - 420 B.C.

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Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head likely commemorates the sacrifice of a prize bull for the community on one of these occasions. Part was burned for the god, but eating the meat was a mandatory religious duty.
GS92199. Silver triobol, cf. BCD Locris 257 ff., SNG Cop 99 ff., HGC 4 1043 (R2), F, obverse with dark thick toning, reverse lightly toned, light marks and scratches, minor encrustations, weight 2.727 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 180o, Phokis mint, c. 440 - 420 B.C.; obverse bull head facing; reverse ΦOKI, head of Artemis right, all within incuse square; ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $120.00 (€105.60)
 


Phokis, Greece, Phokian League Federal Coinage, Late 4th or Early 3rd Century B.C.

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BCD writes of this and similar types with Athena on the obverse and the abbreviated ethnic in a wreath on the reverse, "It is hoped that the multitude of styles and the differences in the fabric and flan evident amongst these coins will help vindicate the writer's believe that we are dealing with an assortment of types that were struck on odd occasions and within a time span of more than a century." Kroll dates this type (based on the Agora deposit A18: 8 [IGCH 157]) to "early third century BC, in any case well after the Third Sacred War."
GB93474. Bronze AE 14, BCD Lokris 358.4 ff. (no die matches); SNG Cop 117; BMC Central Greece p. 20, 76; HGC 4 1114, gVF, light deposits, die wear, weight 2.492 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 90o, Phokis mint, late 4th or early 3rd century B.C.; obverse head and neck of Athena, facing slightly right, helmeted; reverse ΦΩ within wreath without berries, tied below; ex Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Phokis, Greece, Federal Coinage, c. 440 - 420 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Phocis was mainly pastoral. The twenty-two confederate Phocian towns held their periodic synedrion (assembly) in a building called Phokikon, near Daulis, and here, perhaps, rather than at any one of the Phocian towns, the federal mint may have been established. Money would be issued at this mint only on the occasions of the meetings of the synedrion, when it may be supposed that a concourse of people from all parts of the Phocian territory was gathered together, and that a fair or market was held for the exchange and purchase of commodities, as at Delphi during the Pythian festivals. The bull's head likely commemorates the sacrifice of a prize bull for the community on one of these occasions. Part was burned for the god, but eating the meat was a mandatory religious duty.
SH48380. Silver triobol, Williams Phokians 243, SNG Cop 99 ff. var. (legend placement), aVF, weight 2.946 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 150o, Phokis mint, obverse bull head facing; reverse ΦOKI, head of Artemis right, all within incuse square; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. I - III. (Cambridge, 1923-29).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Central Greece (Locris, Phocis, Boeotia, and Euboea). (London, 1884).
Numismatica Ars Classica NAC AG. The BCD Collection, Lokris - Phokis. Auction 55. (8 October 2010). Zürich.
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Bàle, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Williams, R.T. Silver Coinage of the Phokians. (London, 1972).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 20, 2019.
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Phokis