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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine Mints ▸ NikomediaView Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Nicomedia, Bithynia (498 - 627)

The Nicomedia mint reopenned after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage and closed in 627. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, Nicomedia was a major military base, important in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. By the 9th century much of the city, except for a hilltop citadel, was abandoned and in ruins. Nicomedia was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 614, a Sassanid Persian and Jewish army (26,000 men) led by by Shahrbaraz captured and sacked Jerusalem after a 20-day siege. Somewhere between 57,000 and 66,500 citizens were slain; another 35,000 were enslaved, including the Patriarch Zacharias. Many churches in the city (including the "Church of the Resurrection" or Holy Sepulchre) were burned, and numerous relics, including the True Cross, the Holy Lance, and the Holy Sponge, were carried off to the Persian capital Ctesiphon.
BZ77962. Bronze follis, DOC II part 1, 159b.4 (same dies); Morrisson BnF 10/Ni/AE/07; Wroth BMC 242; Tolstoi 270; Ratto 1436; Hahn MIB 175a; SBCV 834; Sommer 11.73, F, overstruck on a large flan, small edge cracks, strong undertype effects, weight 13.375 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 613 - 614 A.D.; obverse Heraclius on left, Heraclius Constantine on right, both stand wearing crown and chlamys with globus cruciger in right hand, cross between heads, obscure blundered legend; reverse large M (40 nummi) between A/N/N/O and II/II (regnal year 4), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIK (Nicomedia) in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $70.00 (Ä62.30)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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Under Justinian Nicomedia was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.
BZ62387. Bronze follis, DOC I 127b, Sommer 4.65.3, Wroth BMC 208, Morrisson BnF I 26, Tolstoi 187, Ratto 598, Hahn MIB I 113a, SBCV 201, gVF, nice green patina, weight 19.735 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 547 - 548 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justinian facing, holding globus cruciger (cross on orb) in right, shield with horseman device on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large M; A/N/N/O left; X/X/I right (regnal year 31), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKO in exergue; big 35 mm bronze; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
BZ66817. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 36, SBCV 92, Wroth BMC 47, Morrisson BnF I 2/Cp/AE/8, Hahn MIB I 46, Tolstoi 89, Ratto -, gVF, nice green patina, weight 2.109 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 225o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527; obverse D N IVSTINVS P AVC (illegible, which is typical for this issue), diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Christogram (Greek XP ligature - Christ monogram), N (mintmark) left, E (mark of value) right; ex Gibud - Naumann Auction 2, lot 317; scarce; SOLD







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MINTMARKS

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NIKOMI



Catalog current as of Friday, February 24, 2017.
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Byzantine Nicomedia