, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.
In 614, a Sassanid Persian and Jewish army (26,000 men) led by by Shahrbaraz captured and sacked Jerusalem after a 20-day siege. Somewhere between 57,000 and 66,500 citizens were slain; another 35,000 were enslaved, including the Patriarch Zacharias. Many churches in the city (including the "Church of the Resurrection" or Holy Sepulchre) were burned, and numerous relics, including the True , the Holy Lance, and the Holy Sponge, were carried off to the Persian capital Ctesiphon.BZ77962. Bronze
, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
Under Justinian was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the campaigns against the Caliphate.BZ62387. Bronze
, 127b, 4.65.3, 208, I 26, 187, 598, 113a, 201, gVF, nice green , 19.735 g, maximum 35.2 mm, 195o, 2nd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 547 - 548 A.D.; D N IVSTINIANVS PP AVG, helmeted and of Justinian facing, holding ( on orb) in right, with horseman device on left shoulder, in right ; large M; A/N/N/O left; X/X/I right (regnal year 31), above, B (2nd ) below, NIKO in ; big 35 mm bronze; SOLD
, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.
The (also called a or ) is a of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.BZ66817. Bronze
, 36, 92, 47, I 2/Cp/AE/8, 46, 89, -, gVF, nice green , 2.109 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527; D N IVSTINVS P AVC (illegible, which is typical for this issue), diademed, draped, and right; (Greek XP - Christ ), N ( ) left, E (mark of value) right; ex Gibud - Naumann Auction 2, lot 317; ; SOLD
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