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Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and what is now Spain. Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation by Rome of all remaining Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of Carthage.
Arpi, Apulia, Italy, 215 - 212 B.C., Struck Under Hannibal
Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae and then defected to Hannibal. Rome captured Arpi in 213 or 212 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty. GB73614. Bronze AE 20, HN Italy 650; SNG ANS 646; SNG Cop 613; BMC Italy p. 131, 12, F, weight 3.792 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; reverse APΠANOY, bunch of grapes; rare; $80.00 (€68.00)
Carthaginians in Sicily, 300 - 289 B.C.
At the height of its prominence, Carthage's influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean. Rivalry with Rome led to a series of conflicts, the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city, annexation by Rome of all Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire Carthaginian population.SH33199. Silver tetradrachm, Jenkins Punic, Series 5a, 300 (O96/R248); SGCV II 6436; SNG Cop 90; HGC 2 295, Choice EF, toned, bold, weight 16.618 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian mint, obversehead of Herakles right, clad in lion's scalp; reverse horse's head left, palm tree behind, Punic legend AMHMHNTE (people of the camp) below; ex Ira & Larry Goldberg Auction 44, lot 3683 (price realized $4,300 plus fees); SOLD
Carthage, Zeugitana, NorthAfrica, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.SH48870. Electrumstater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 247 - 250, Choice VF, weight 7.493 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obversehead of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on double exergual line, near legs back, pellet before forelegs; light marks, tiny edge ding on the obverse at 12:00, some die wear; nicely struck and well centered on a full flan, beautiful horse!; SOLD
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