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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ CyzicusView Options:  |  |  | 

Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey)

Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. According to tradition, it was founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly and later received many colonies from Miletus. Like the other Greek cities in Asia, it fell under the rule of the Persia Empire until Alexander the Great captured it in 334 B.C. In 74 B.C. the city, allied with Rome, withstood a siege by 300,000 men led by King Mithridates VI of Pontus. Rome rewarded this loyalty with territory and with municipal independence which lasted until the reign of Tiberius. When it was incorporated into the Empire, Cyzicus was made the capital of Mysia, and afterwards of Hellespontus. Dates of operation: The Cyzicus mint was opened by Gallienus (253 - 268 A.D.) and continued to strike coins well into the Byzantine era. Mintmarks: K, KVZ, SMK.


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RA76334. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, green patina with some silvering remaining, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, B in exergue; scarce; $200.00 (170.00)


Florianus, June or July - August or September 276 A.D.

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Florian's military harmony, advertised on this coin, was soon betrayed. After a reign of less than three months, Florian was murdered by his own soldiers.
RA87677. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 4535, RIC V-1 116, Venra 2957 - 2963, BnF XII 1987, Amasya 2404, Gloucester 825, Hunter IV 20, Cohen VI 15, SRCV III 11853, Choice VF, well centered, dark patina, light marks, weight 4.829 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 1st issue, July August 276; obverse IMP FLORIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Victory on left, standing right, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, Florian, on right, standing left, extending right hand to receive wreath, long scepter vertical in left hand, V in exergue; $180.00 (153.00)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT85310. Billon follis, Hunter V 31 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Cyzicus 55 (S), SRCV IV 14724, Cohen VII 39, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, traces of silvering, spots of light corrosion, some die wear, weight 7.220 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB C, head laureate right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ left, * right, MKV in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (68.00)


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
RL76207. Billon light maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 77 (S), LRBC II 2479, Voetter 20, SRCV V 18699, Cohen VII 18, Hunter V -, aEF, well centered, nice green patina, some encrustation, small edge cracks, weight 4.253 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in exergue; scarce; $75.00 (63.75)


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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Aurelian probably joined the army in 235, a year that began an era of crisis, imperial assassinations, invasions, civil wars, plagues, and economic depression, which severely damaged the army. He distinguished himself in battle and successes as a cavalry commander eventually made him a member of emperor Gallienus' entourage. Claudius gave him command of the elite Dalmatian cavalry, and then promoted him to Master of Horse (second in command of the army after the Emperor). As emperor, Aurelian's successful restoration of the Army enabled him to defeat the Alamanni, Goths, Vandals, Juthungi, Sarmatians, and the Palmyrene Empire effectively ending the Roman Empire's Crisis of the Third Century.
RA87240. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3088 (45 spec.), RIC V-1 366, BnF XII 1224, Venra 10733 - 10747, Cohen VI 206, Hunter IV 105 var. (2nd officina), Choice VF, well centered, much silvering, weight 3.314 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, issue 10, phase 2, early - summer 275; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR EXERCITI (restorer of the army), Mars (on left) and Aurelian standing confronted, Aurelian presenting globe to Mars, each holds a long scepter, B in center, XXI in exergue; $70.00 (59.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Adventus reverse types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.
RB67627. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 904 (S); Cohen VI 69; Pink VI-1, p. 43; Hunter IV 311 var. (1st officina); cf. SRCV III 11195 (Rome mint, etc.), gVF, well centered, a little rough, weight 4.220 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 2nd emission, end 276 - beginning 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval shield decorated with charging horseman on left arm; reverse ADVENTVS PROBI AVG (the arrival of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long scepter in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, ∆ in exergue; scarce; $55.00 (46.75)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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The son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, Constantine II was born in Arles in February 316 and raised as a Christian. On 1 March 317, he was made Caesar. When this coin was struck he was still a baby or a toddler. Youth is indicated by the small size of the bust, but the portrait greatly exaggerates his maturity.
RL87464. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Cyzicus 12, SRCV V 17130, Cohen VIII -, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, brown tone, light bumps and marks, some light porosity, weight 3.073 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 1 Mar 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, laureate consular bust left, holding mappa and scepter across shoulder; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI CAESS (to Jove the protector of the two Caesars), Jupiter standing half left, head left, nude but for cloak over left shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in his extended right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, Γ right, SMK in exergue; $40.00 (34.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA87539. Silvered antoninianus, RIC V-2 913, Cohen VI 928, Hunter IV 321 - 322 var. (officina), Pink VI-1, p. 44, SRCV III -, VF, some silvering, rough and porous corrosion, slightly off center, weight 4.170 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 280 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), emperor riding left, raising hand, captive at foot before horse, Γ below, XXI M(oneta) C(yzicus) in exergue; $32.00 (27.20)







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Catalog current as of Saturday, November 17, 2018.
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Cyzicus