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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Treveri||View Options:  |  |  |   

Treveri, Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany)

Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capitol of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. Mintmarks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RL87890. Billon follis, RIC VII 80 (R2), SRCV IV 15984, Cohen VII 345, Hunter V 49 var. (2nd officina), Choice VF, dark patina, well centered and struck, die wear, weight 3.222 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, autumn 307 - end of 308 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI (Mars the Protector), Mars standing right, wearing military garb, inverted spear in right hand, left hand on grounded shield, A left, S right, PTR in exergue; ex Beast Coins, ex Harlan Berk (CICF April 2013); $105.00 (€92.40)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89625. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 221 (R2), SRCV IV 16297, Cohen VII 640, Hunter V -, EF, choice obverse with nice portrait, light and dark brown patina, reverse a little off center, reverse die crack, tiny encrustations, weight 2.415 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, star ornament on the front of altar, •STR in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex CNG e-auction 134 (1 Mar 2006), lot 452 (part of); rare; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89620. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 52 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 213, SRCV IV 16297, Cohen VII 640, Choice VF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTAN-TINVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, star on altar, STR in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; $95.00 (€83.60)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was about eight years old when this coin was minted. Here he is draped and cuirassed as a powerful child Caesar with the world in his hands!
SH63721. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 382 (R3) corr. (no cuirass), SRCV V 17155, Cohen VII 23, gVF, well centered on a tight flan, nice green patina, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, mappa in left, head of Medusa on cuirass; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, •STR• in exergue; rare; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL82770. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 3 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 543, LRBC I 66, SRCV IV 16445, Cohen VII 21, EF, sharp detail, slightly off center on a tight flan, clashed reverse die, weight 2.398 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TR•S in exergue; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, Spring 274 A.D.

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA20942. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, aVF, interesting multi-color patina, edge cracks, weight 3.243 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

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Barbarian imitatives of the Roman VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP small bronze coins are among the most common barbarous coin types from the late Roman period. The prototype for this coin was a coin from the Empire's Treveri mint and this specimen is closer to the official Roman style than many of these imitations.
RL89622. Bronze AE 17, for prototype cf. RIC VII Trier 208a (Roman, Constantine the Great, Trier mint, 318 - 319 A.D.), VF, nice portrait, attractive dark green patina, reverse slightly off center, weight 2.469 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 135o, tribal mint, mid 4th century A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTA-NTINVS AG, laureate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust of Constantine the Great right; reverse VICTORIAE LAITAI PRINC (blundered), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a shield inscribed VOT / P R in two lines over an alter ornamented with a pellet at the center of a rhombus, PTR in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; $85.00 (€74.80)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POP ROM dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT87235. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 845b, Hunter V 5, SRCV IV 15191, Cohen VII 53, Choice EF, well centered and struck, some silvering, tiny encrustations, edge a little ragged with small cracks, weight 4.234 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), Genius standing slightly left, head left, crown of city walls on head, chest bare, himation over left shoulder around waist and over and left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, T F at sides, PTR in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 316, Constantine I sent his half-brother Julius Constantius to Licinius at Sirmium (Pannonia), with a proposal to make Bassianus caesar with power over Italy. Licinius refused, elevated Valerius Valens to augustus, mobilized an army against Constantine, and executed Bassianus. Constantine I defeated Licinius and Valerius Valens at the Battle of Mardia (near Harmanli, Bulgaria).
RL88036. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 135, SRCV IV 16063, Cohen VII 525, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, excellent centering, black tone with some coppery high spots, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.271 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 317 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand turned outward, T - F divided across fields, •ATR in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89678. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 209 (R1), SRCV IV 16297, Cohen VII 640, Hunter V 52 var. (star on altar), Choice VF, well centered, highlighting red earthen fill, weight 3.219 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, altar face ornamented with beveled facets (box design), STR in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)
 




  



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REFERENCES|

Cahn, H.A. "Die Trierer Antoniniane der Tetrarchie" in SNR XXXVII (1955).
Schulte, P.N. Die Römische Münzstätte Trier von der Wiederaufnahme ihrer Tätigkeit unter Diocletian bis zum Ende der Folles-Prägung. (Frankfurt, 1974).
von Schrötter, F. Die Münzen von Trier. 2. Teil. (Bonn 1908).
Weiller, R. Die Münzen von trier, 1. Teil. (Düsseldorf, 1988).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die römische Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 1988).

Catalog current as of Sunday, December 8, 2019.
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Treveri