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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ SirmiumView Options:  |  |  | 

Sirmium, Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia)

Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) was founded in the 3rd century B.C. by Illyrians or Celts, and conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and the birth-place of the emperors Probus, Maximianus, Gratian and Aurelian. During the tetrarchy it was the capital of the emperor Galerius, one of the four capital cities of the Empire (the other three being Trier, Mediolanum, and Nicomedia). Sirmium was the capital of the prefecture of Illyricum from 318, when praetorian prefectures were established, until 379, when the western part of Illyricum became part of Praetorian prefecture of Italia. Dates of operation: 320 - 326, 351 - 364, 379 and 393 - 395. Mintmarks: SIR, SIRM, SIROB, SM.


Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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At the end of the 4th century, Sirmium was brought under the sway of the Goths, and later, was again annexed to the Eastern Roman Empire. In 441, Sirmium was conquered by the Huns, and after this conquest, it remained for more than a century in the hands of various other tribes, including the Eastern Goths and Gepids. For a short time, Sirmium was the center of the Gepid State and King Cunimund minted gold coins there. After 567, Roman rule was restored again at Sirmium. The city was finally conquered and destroyed by the Avars in 582.
RL77940. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 118, LRBC II 1623, SRCV V 19229, Cohen VIII 35, VF, green patina, light marks, weight 3.442 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 30o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, obverse D N IOVIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Pegasi Numismatics; $32.00 (Ä28.48)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
SH24800. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, EF, weight 3.547 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, ASIRM in exergue; SOLD


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The only known unexcavated Roman Hippodrome in the world is in Sirmium. A colossal building about 150 meters wide and 450 meters long lies directly under the Sremska Mitrovica town center, beside the old Emperor's Palace. In early 1970s American archaeologists sponsored by the U.S. Government made an offer to the citizens of Sremska Mitrovica to completely rebuild the town on another location so Sirmium could be excavated. The request was refused and there are still no plans to excavate the arena, which would require the removal of the entire present town center.
RL70843. Bronze centenionialis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, weight 3.194 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; from the Sam Mansourati Collection; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 29, 2017.
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Sirmium