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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Sirmium||View Options:  |  |  | 

Sirmium, Pannonia (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia)

Sirmium (modern Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) was founded in the 3rd century B.C. by Illyrians or Celts, and conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and the birth-place of the emperors Probus, Maximianus, Gratian and Aurelian. During the tetrarchy it was the capital of the emperor Galerius, one of the four capital cities of the Empire (the other three being Trier, Mediolanum, and Nicomedia). Sirmium was the capital of the prefecture of Illyricum from 318, when praetorian prefectures were established, until 379, when the western part of Illyricum became part of Praetorian prefecture of Italia. Dates of operation: 320 - 326, 351 - 364, 379 and 393 - 395. Mintmarks: SIR, SIRM, SIROB, SM.

Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL88054. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 108, LRBC II 1619, SRCV V 19172, Cohen VIII 151, Choice VF, well centered, green patina, ragged with small edge splits, weight 3.151 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, summer 361 - 26 Jun 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right, shield in left; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, BSIRM in exergue; $70.00 (Ä61.60)

Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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Constantius II was born at Sirmium, Pannonia in 317. He was the third son of Constantine the Great, and second by his second wife Fausta, the daughter of Maximian.
RL88804. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Sirmium 71, LRBC II 1609, SRCV V 18298, Cohen VII 46, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, earthen encrustation, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.475 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, M left, ASIRM in exergue; $17.00 (Ä14.96)

Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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In 351, Constantius Gallus built a new church in honor of Saint Babylas at Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and transferred the remains of the bishop to it to neutralize the pagan effects of the nearby temple of Apollo. In 362, Julian consulted the oracle of Apollo at the temple in Daphne, but received no answer, and was told that it was because of the proximity of the saint. He had the sarcophagus of the martyr exhumed and removed. A few days later, on October 22, a mysterious fire broke out consuming the roof of the temple and the statue of the god, copied from Phidias' statue of Zeus at Olympia. Julian, suspecting angry Christians, closed the cathedral of Antioch and ordered an investigation. Ammianus Marcellinus reports "a frivolous rumor" laid blame on candles lit by a worshipper late the previous night (XXII, 13). John Chrysostom claimed a bolt of lightning set the temple on fire. The remains of Babylas were reinterred in a church dedicated to him on the other side of the River Orontes.
RL88596. Billon reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Sirmium 49, LRBC II 1604, SRCV V 19015, Cohen VIII 14, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, old cut across obverse, tight flan, edge a bit ragged, weight 1.91 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, BSIRM in exergue; $6.50 (Ä5.72)


Catalog current as of Saturday, December 7, 2019.
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