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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ SerdicaView Options:  |  |  | 

Serdica, Dacia Mediterranea (Sophia, Bulgaria)

Sofia was originally a Thracian settlement called Serdica, probably named after the Celtic tribe Serdi that had populated it. Around 29 B.C., Sofia was conquered by the Romans and renamed Ulpia Serdica. When Emperor Diocletian divided the province of Dacia into Dacia Ripensis (on the banks of the Danube) and Dacia Mediterranea, Serdica became the capital of Dacia Mediterranea. Serdica was of moderate size, but magnificent as an urban concept of planning and architecture, with abundant amusements and an active social life. Dates of operation: 272 - 282, 303 - 308 and 313 - 314. Mintmarks: SD, SER, SERD, SMSD.


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This coin is dedicated to the foresight of the gods. Providentia was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia is one of the three main components of prudentia, "the knowledge of things that are good or bad or neither," along with memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding).
RB71572. Silvered antoninianus, MER-RIC 3967 (2 spec), Venra 2404, RIC V -, BnF XII -, Bastien IX -, EF, well centered, near full silvering, weight 4.564 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, issue 3, early - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing right holding two standards, facing Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, KA∆ in exergue; very rare variant; $140.00 (124.60)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Forum attempts to list references from the most exact match to the least exact match. Cohen is rarely the first reference listed, but in this case it assigns a specific number to this type with this obverse legend and bust; RIC does not. Hunter could be listed first, but since it is specific even to the officina and not an exact match, it must be listed as a variation.
RA72853. Billon antoninianus, Cohen VI 912; Hunter IV 301 var. (4th officina); RIC V, part 2, 878; Pink VI-1, p. 63; SRCV III -, VF, full circles centering, excellent bust, much silvering, weight 3.761 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 4, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback prancing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, shield on left arm, with right hand spearing barbarian who is before horse on one knee and raising his arms, shield on the ground under horse, KAA in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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In 277, Probus began his campaign in Gaul, clearing the Goths and Germanic tribes from the province. He acquired the title Gothicus.
RA73868. Billon antoninianus, RIC V, part 2, 877; Cohen VI 917 var. (bust); Hunter IV 301 var. (obv. legend, officina); Pink VI-1, p. 45; cf. SRCV III 12073 (Siscia), Choice gVF, excellent centering, nice style, porous, light corrosion, weight 3.363 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 315o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 4, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Probus on horseback prancing right, bare-headed, wearing military attire, shield on left arm, with right hand spearing barbarian who is before horse on one knee and raising his arms, shield on the ground under horse, KAΓ in exergue; $80.00 (71.20)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Serdica struck many similar types with the reverse legends RESITVT ORBIS and RESTITVTOR ORBIS, combined with various busts, obverse legends, officina, and control marks. This coin differs from all the varieties listed in RIC.

KA in the exergue, is the Greek numeral 21, a mark of value, indicating 21 parts bronze to one part silver (approximately 4.5% silver). Γ, is the Greek numeral 3, indicating the coin was struck by the third officina (mint workshop).
RA79604. Silvered antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 44-45/1; RIC, part 2, V 856 var. (RESTITVTOR ORBIS), Cohen VI 508 var. (also draped), Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, aEF, well centered, much silvering, some light corrosion, weight 3.122 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3nd officina, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, emission 1, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVT ORBIS (to the restorer of the world), female (on left) standing right, presenting wreath to emperor, emperor (on right) standing left, extending right hand, spear in left hand, star bottom center, KAΓ in exergue; not in RIC; $55.00 (48.95)







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 29, 2017.
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Serdica