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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ConstantinopolisView Options:  |  |  |   

Constantinopolis (Istanbul, Turkey)

Little needs to be said about Constantine the Great's New Rome, built on top of the old Greek city Byzantion. Coinage started in 326 and continued until the fall of the Roman Empire in 1453. Mintmarks: C, CON, CONS.


Zeno, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.

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Zeno, an Isaurian chieftain, married Emperor Leo I's daughter, Ariadne. Their son, Leo II, succeeded Leo I as emperor and shortly after declared his father Augustus. Unpopular, Zeno spent his 17-year reign fighting not only barbarians but also against many rebellions. He died after an epileptic fit.
SH89781. Gold solidus, DOCLR 643 (also 10th officina), Tolstoi 24, Ratto 284, RIC X 910, Depeyrot 108/1, SRCV V 21514, Choice VF, well centered and struck, some die wear, scratch/graffito on obverse, weight 4.449 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, Aug 476 - 11 Apr 491, 5th issue; obverse D N ZENO PERP AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed with trefoil ornament on crested helmet, cuirassed, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman riding down and spearing enemy; reverse VICTORI-A AVGGG I, Victory standing left, long jeweled cross in right, star right, CONOB in exergue; $850.00 (748.00)


Anastasius I, 11 April 491 - 1 July 518 A.D.

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BZ87655. Bronze nummus, DOC I 15, Wroth BMC 59, Morrisson BnF 1/Cp/AE/01, Hahn MIB 40, SBCV 13, LRBC II 2288, Sommer 1.9, Tolstoi -, Ratto -, VF, undersize flan typical of the type, porosity, weight 0.689 g, maximum diameter 9.0 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 491 - 498 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse monogram of Anastasius ; $190.00 (167.20)


Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

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In 467, Vandal pirates raided, sacked and enslaved the people living in Illyricum, the Peloponnese and other parts of Greece. In 468, Leo spent 64,000 pounds of gold (more than a year's revenue and bringing Leo near to bankruptcy) to assemble a fleet of over 1,100 ships carrying 100,000 men. During peace negotiations the Vandal King Genseric used fire ships, filled with brushwood and pots of oil, to destroy 700 imperial galleys 45 miles from Carthage. The defeated General Basiliscus escaped back to Constantinople where he was forced to seek sanctuary in the church of Hagia Sophia to escape the wrath of the people. Leo I gave him an imperial pardon, but banished him for 3 years to Heraclea Sintica (Thrace).
RL91322. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. RIC X 674, LRBC II 2258, DOCLR 573, SRCV V 21457, Hunter V -, aF, oval flan with large split, weight 0.740 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse D N LEO P F AVG (or similar), pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse lion crouching left, head right, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; $45.00 (39.60)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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The Roman poet Ovid tells the story of the Phoenix: 'Most beings spring from other individuals; but there is a certain kind which reproduces itself. The Assyrians call it the Phoenix. It does not live on fruit or flowers, but on frankincense and odoriferous gums. When it has lived five hundred years, it builds itself a nest in the branches of an oak, or on the top of a palm tree. In this it collects cinnamon and spikenard, and myrrh, and of these materials builds a pile on which it deposits itself, and dying, breathes out its last breath amidst odors. From the body of the parent bird, a young Phoenix issues forth, destined to live as long a life as its predecessor. When this has grown up and gained sufficient strength, it lifts its nest from the tree (its own cradle and its parent's sepulcher), and carries it to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun.'
RL88740. Bronze quarter maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 93 (S), LRBC II 2019, Voetter 36, SRCV V 18253, Cohen VII 57, Hunter V -, F, ragged flan, bumps and marks, earthen deposits, some legend weak, weight 2.498 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), radiate Phoenix standing right on globe, CONS[...] in exergue; $19.00 (16.72)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL88757. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 139 (R3), SRCV V 17321, LRBC I 353, Cohen VII 127, VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, spots of corrosion, weight 1.798 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, star above center, CONSΓ in exergue; $19.00 (16.72)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 332, Constantine I and his son Constantine II, age 16, defeated the Goths in Moesia. The Goths agreed to become Roman allies and to protect the Danube frontier. Only two years later, in 334, the Goths on the Danube frontier prevented an invasion by the Vandals.
RL88597. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. RIC VII Constantinople 81, LRBC I 1018, F, dark tone, light deposits, edge split, weight 2.387 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, [...]CONS[...](?) in exergue; $16.00 (14.08)


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 333 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL88709. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 63, SRCV IV 16473, LRBC I 1009, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V -, F, dark patina, tight flan, porous, encrustations, weight 2.335 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 330 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, CONSZ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL88718. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC II 2044, Voetter 5, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VIII 12, F, well centered, uneven strike with parts of legends weak, scratches and marks, porous, weight 2.413 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, left center, CONSIA in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (12.32)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antioch, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL88758. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 109, LRBC II 2030, SRCV V 18150, Cohen VII 44, aVF, dark green patina, oval flan, light scratches, earthen deposits, weight 3.906 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman wearing a Parthian cap, shield at feet, Γ left, CONS[...] in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 336, the first recorded customs tariff was in use in Palmyra.
RL88768. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 139 (R3), LRBC I 1028, SRCV V 17714, Cohen VII 92, F, dark green patina, oval flan, parts of legends weak, marks, porosity, weight 1.611 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 336 - 22 May 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, one standard in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSΓ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)




  



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Constantinopolis