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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ CyprusView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Cyprus

Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, James I, 1382 - 1398

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The Parliament of Cyprus named James king while he was captive in Genoa. To gain his release James agreed to new privileges for Genoese merchants and accepted Genoese sovereignty over the captured city of Famagusta, something that no previous king had conceded. Until he was released, Cyprus was governed by 12 nobles. Some of them opposed his return. In April 1385, James returned to Cyprus and was welcomed at Nicosia with great enthusiasm. He was crowned in May 1385 in Saint Sophia Cathedral. After his crowning, his opponents were arrested and punished. He was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1389. In 1393, Leo VI of Armenia died, and James assumed the title of King of Armenia. He was formally given the title in 1396. That kingdom was by now reduced to the city of Korikos, which had been in Cypriot hands since its conquest by Peter I of Cyprus. Upon his death, James was succeeded by his son Janus.
ME85300. Billon denier, Malloy Crusaders 113a; Metcalf Crusades 797; Schlumberger VII 9, aVF, toned, light corrosion, edge crack, tiny hole, legends difficult to read as usual for the type, weight 0.743 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Nicosia mint, May 1385 - 9 Sep 1398; obverse + IAQVE ROI DE, Lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse + IERV3ALEm D, cross pattée; ex C. Subak (Chicago, Sep 1975); $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Kingdom of Cyprus, 15th Century A.D.

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Deniers with rampant lion and cross types were struck by many of the Kings of Cyprus and Jerusalem. Types were struck with stars, pellets, or crosslets in the quadrants. Janus struck the type with an S in one quadrant. We do not know of another example with letters in more than one quadrant. Unfortunately we can't read the legends or the letters in the quadrants but it is possible a specialist could improve the attribution.
CR68025. Billon denier, Unpublished(?), Malloy Crusaders -, Metcalf Crusades -, gF, weight 0.530 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 270o, obverse lion of Cyprus rampant left; reverse cross pattée, a letter in three or four of the quarters; extremely rare; SOLD


Crusaders, Kingdom of Cyprus, Henry I, 10 Jan 1218 - 18 Jan 1253

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Henry I of Cyprus was 8 months old when his father died. His mother was the official regent, but her uncle, Philip of Ibelin, governed. When Philip died, the effective regency passed to his brother, John of Ibelin. In 1228, Frederick II HRE took Cyprus, but when he left the island, John attacked and regained control. Henry I assumed rule at age 15. He was also Regent of Jerusalem for Conrad of Hohenstaufen, 1246 - 1253.
CR67310. Billon denarius, Malloy Crusaders 25c, F, weight 0.826 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 225o, obverse + hENRICVS, double annulet at end of legend, cross pattée; reverse + REX CYPRI, gateway with battlements, pellet in doorway; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Lambros, P. Coins of the Medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. (Vienna, 1873).
Malloy, A., I. Preston, & A. Seltman. Coins of the Crusader States, 2nd Edition. (New York, 2004).
Metcalf, D. Coinage of the Crusaders and the Latin East in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford. (London, 1995).
Metcalf, D. The Silver Coinage of Cyprus, 1285-1382. (Nicosia, 1996).
Michaelidou, L. & E. Zapiti. Coins of Cyprus. From the Collection of the Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. (Nicosia, 2008).
Neumann, J. Kupfermünzen. (Prague, 1858).
Schlumberger, G. Numismatique de l'Orient latin. (1878; Supplement 1882; reprinted: Graz, 1954).
Sothebys. The John J. Slocum Collection of Coins of the Crusades. Catalog of public auction, 6 March 1997. London.
Tziambazis, E. A Catalogue of the Coins of Cyprus (from 560 B.C. to 1571 A.D.). (Larnaca, 2002).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 21, 2017.
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Cypriot Coins