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This type and similar billonAnglo-Gallic coins looked silver when issued, but after some use turned black, hence their nickname, "black money." They were usually hastily and poorly struck, heavily circulated and worn, and seldom hoarded. Surviving examples are now rare and mostly low grade.WO86745. Billon denier au leopard, Elias 95 (RR), Duplessy Féodales 1095A, SCBC-SII 8090, Poey d'Avant 2793 (Edward I), Boudeau -, aVF, well centered on a tight flan, uneven strike with parts of legend weak, areas of light corrosion, weight 0.683 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, 2nd type; obverse + EDVARDVS : REX (King Edward), leopard passant left above AnGL' between lines, rosette below, all within inner circle, double pellet stops; reverse + DVX : AQITAnIE (Duke of Aquitaine), cross pattée, within inner circle, double pellet stops; very rare; $250.00 (€212.50)
Anglo-Gallic, Richard I the Lionhearted, Count of Poitou and King of England 1189 - 1199
The only coins of Richard struck in his own name are those of his French possessions; English issues attributed to Richard are all in the name and types of his father, Henry II.
Richard I is known as Richard Coeur de Lion or Richard the Lionhearted for his bravery in battle. He was born and spent his childhood in England. By the age of 16, Richard had command of his own army and put down rebellions against his father in Poitou. As king, he was off on Crusade, in captivity, or defending his lands in France, spending as little as 6 months of his 10-year reign in England. He spoke French and Occitan, but never learned English. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, it seems he saw it primarily as a source of revenue to support his armies. As the leader of the Third Crusade after the departure of Philip II of France, he won considerable victories against Saladin, but did not retake Jerusalem. He was seen as a pious hero by his subjects and is one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, and is an enduring iconic figure both in England and in France. Robin Hood lived in Sherwood Forest during Richard's reign. UK86433. Silver denier, Elias 8b (S), Duplessy Feodales 926, Poey d'Avant 2536, SCBC-SII 8008 var. (no annulet), aVF, toned, double struck, edge cracks, weight 1.007 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 240o, Melle (Deux-Sèvres) mint, 1189 - 1199; obverse + RICARDVS REX (King Richard), cross pattée within inner dot border, annulet in third (lower left) quarter; reverse PIC/TAVIE/NSIS ([County of] Poitou) in three lines across field; scarce; $150.00 (€127.50)
Anglo-Gallic, Edward III, 1327 - 1377
Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.SH86743. Gold ecu d'or, Schneider 3, Beresford-JonesAnglo-Gallic 13/17, Elias 33, SCBC-SII 8035, VF, obverse triple struck, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, c. 1344 - 1352; obverse +EDWARDVS: DEI x x GRA x x AGL': FRAnCIE: REX (Edward, by the grace of God, King of England and France, double pellet and saltier stops), full-length figure of Edward seated facing on ornate Gothic throne, sword in left hand, right hand resting on shield with arms of France ancien (semé-de-lis); all within tressure of nine arcs, trefoils in spandrels and on cusps; reverse +XP.C: VInCIT: XPC: REGNAT: XPC: IMPERAT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands, the first stop is a trefoil, the others double pellet), ornate cross fleurée, pierced quatrefoil at center, cross with pierced quatrefoil terminals, each terminal with three pierced stalked trefoils, within beaded and line quatrefoiltressure, with leaf trefoils on cusps, pierced trefoils in spandrels; rare; SOLD
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