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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |England||View Options:  |  |  |   

English Hammered and Early Milled Coins

Anglo-Gallic, Edward III, 1327 - 1377

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Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.
SH86743. Gold ecu d'or, Schneider 3, Beresford-Jones Anglo-Gallic 13/17, Elias 33, SCBC-SII 8035, VF, obverse triple struck, weight 4.424 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 0o, c. 1344 - 1352; obverse +EDWARDVS: DEI x x GRA x x AGL': FRAnCIE: REX (Edward, by the grace of God, King of England and France, double pellet and saltier stops), full-length figure of Edward seated facing on ornate Gothic throne, sword in left hand, right hand resting on shield with arms of France ancien (semé-de-lis); all within tressure of nine arcs, trefoils in spandrels and on cusps; reverse +XP.C: VInCIT: XPC: REGNAT: XPC: IMPERAT (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands, the first stop is a trefoil, the others double pellet), ornate cross fleurée, pierced quatrefoil at center, cross with pierced quatrefoil terminals, each terminal with three pierced stalked trefoils, within beaded and line quatrefoil tressure, with leaf trefoils on cusps, pierced trefoils in spandrels; rare; SOLD


Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453, The Annunciation

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The obverse depicts the Annunciation, the announcement by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary that she would be the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking his Incarnation.

This coin was struck at Dijon, a rare mint for the issue, which was minted in nine cities across France.

In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne through his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
SH79998. Gold Salut D'or, Schneider 102, Elias 268c, Duplessy 443, Lafaurie 447, gVF, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 0o, Dijon mint, 2nd issue, 6 Sep 1423 - 1436; obverse vernicle, hENRICVS: DEI: GRA: FRACORV: AGLI: REX (Henry, by the grace of God, King of the Franks and English), double saltire stops, Virgin Mary, behind Arms of France, facing Angel Gabriel in profile left behind quartered Arms of France and England, light of God above AVE downward on scroll between them, within beaded circle; reverse vernicle, XPC'*VIHCIT'*XPC'*REGNAT'*XPC'*ImPERAT'* (Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ commands), mullet stops, central Latin cross, fleur de lis to left, lion to right, h below, all within tressure of ten arcs, fleur de lis on cusps, all within linear and beaded circle; this is a legend variety where Z is absent after FRACORV; very rare; SOLD


England, Elizabeth I, 1558 - 1603

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At twenty-five years old, Elizabeth inherited a weak bankrupt nation, torn by religious discord. Her supporters counseled that her only hope, was to marry quickly and lean upon her husband. Instead, she ruled alone for nearly half a century, driven by her genuine love for her subjects. She is perhaps the greatest English monarch in history.
UK77517. Silver sixpence, Borden-Brown 37 (O1/R1), North 2030, SCBC 2599, gVF, toned, weight 3.083 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, milled coinage, lis mint mark, Tower mint, 1567; obverse ELIZABETH · D’ · G’ · ANG’ · FRA’ · ET · HI’ · REGI’ (Elizabeth, by the Grace of God, Queen of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust left (Borden & Brown bust F), rose behind; reverse POSVI DEV’ · AD IVTORE M · MEV’ · (I have made God my helper), royal coat-of-arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis) on long cross fourchée, ·15-67· above shield; ex CNG e-auction 247 (12 Jan 2011), lot 751; scarce; SOLD


Great Britain, Charles I, 1625 - 1649

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Charles I attempted to reign as an absolute monarch and rule without Parliament. Civil war broke out, the forces of the King lost, and Charles was beheaded.
UK70336. Silver halfgroat, SCBI 33 Brooker 721 (same dies), North 2302, SCBC 2856, lozenge/- mint mark, Choice aEF, toned, exceptional, weight 0.961 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Tower mint, Briot's first milled issue, 1631 - 1632; obverse CAROLVS D · G · MAG BRIT FR ET HIB R (Charles by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France and Ireland), bust left, crowned and mantled; ·II· to right, B below; reverse .IVSTITIA.THRONVM.FIRMAT. (Justice strengthens the throne), square-topped coat-of-arms over long cross moline; ex CNG auction 90 (23 May 2012), lot 444; ex Ian Gordon Collection; ex Dix, Noonan, Webb 85 (17 March 2010), lot 444; SOLD


England, King Cnut, 1016 - 1035 A.D.

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Cnut the Great was a king of Denmark, England, Norway, and parts of Sweden. He maintained power by uniting Danes and Englishmen under cultural bonds of wealth and custom, rather than by brutality. After the death of his heirs within a decade of his own and the Norman conquest of England in 1066, his legacy was largely lost to history.
WO67179. Silver penny, North 790, SCBC 1159, VF, weight 0.959 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Eadraed, London mint, c.1029 - 1035; obverse + CN-VT REX, diademed and cuirassed bust left, scepter with lis head; reverse + EDRED ON LVND, voided short cross with annulet in center; SOLD


England, Edward III, 1327 - 1377

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Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.
UK77522. Silver groat, Lawrence Edward III 11/12; North 1249; SCBC 1616, gVF, toned, scratches to left of portrait under tone, weight 4.533 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 325o, London mint, Treaty period, 1361 - 1369; obverse + EDWARD DEI G REX AnGL DnS HIB Z AQT (Edward by the Grace of God King of England, France, Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine), crowned facing bust, within tressure of arches, with trefoils in spandrels; reverse + POSVI DEVm A DIVTOR Em mEV (I have made God my helper), CIVITAS LONDON (City of London), long cross with trefoil of pellets in each angle; ex CNG e-auction 249 (9 Feb 2011) lot 457 (realized $700 plus fees); ex Spink auction 194 (Prof. Colin Rochester Collection, 26 Mar 2008), lot 502 ; SOLD


England, Henry VIII, 1509 - 1547

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Henry VIII was the first English king of Ireland, oversaw the legal union of England and Wales, and continued the nominal claim to France. Besides his six marriages, he is known for his separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Despite converting money formerly paid to Rome into royal revenue, Henry was continually on the verge of financial ruin due to his personal extravagance and numerous costly wars. Henry applied theory of the divine right of kings to England. Charges of treason and heresy were used to quash dissent, and the accused were often executed without a formal trial. In his prime, Henry was considered attractive, educated, accomplished, and charismatic. As he aged, he became severely obese, his health suffered, and he became lustful, egotistical, and harsh.
UK77523. Silver groat, North 1797, SCBC 2337A, rose mint mark, VF, strong portrait, weight 2.625 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, London mint, second coinage, 1526 - 1544; obverse hENRIC VIII DI GRA REX AGL Z FRANC (Henry VIII by the Grace of God King of England and France), crowned bust right; reverse POSVI DEV' AVDIVTORE' MEV (I have made God my helper), royal arms (passant lions and fleurs-de-lis) over long cross fourchée; ex Wolfshead Gallery (2011); SOLD


England, Edward VI, 1547 - 1553

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Edward VI's reign was marked by economic problems, military withdrawal from Scotland and Boulogne-sur-Mer, and social unrest that in 1549 erupted into riot and rebellion. It also saw the transformation of the Anglican Church into a recognizably Protestant body.
UK86153. Silver shilling, SCBC 2466B, North 1917/2 (S), VF, toned, marks and scratches, underweight, weight 3.737 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Y mintmark, Southwark mint, second issue, 1549; obverse EDWARD VI D G ANGL FRA Z HIB REX (Edward VI by the Grace of God King of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust right, tall narrow bust with small crown; reverse TIMOR DOMINI FONS VITE M D XLIX (Fear of the Lord is the fountain of life, 1549), shield with heavy curved garniture, E - R (Edwardus Rex) at sides; scarce; SOLD


England, Edward I Longshanks, 1272 - 1307

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Elias notes, "In my experience for every 30 or 40 deniers with the EDWARD' FILI' legend only one with the EDWARDVS REX occurs."

Known as Edward Longshanks for his height of 6 ft. 2 in., and sometimes as the "Hammer of the Scots." Edward was ruthless in pursuing his aims and crushing those who opposed him. He conquered large parts of Wales and almost succeeding in doing the same to Scotland.
UK86321. Silver denier au lion, Elias 15 (RR), SCBC-SII 8016, Duplessy 1039, Poey d'Avant 2790, aVF, toned, scratches, earthen deposits, small edge crack, weight 0.736 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Aquitaine mint, 1272 - 1307; obverse + EDWARDVS REX (King Edward, S on its side), lion passant left within inner circle; reverse + DVX AqVITANIE (Duke of Aquitaine), cross pattée within inner circle; very rare; SOLD


Great Britain, Charles I, 1625 - 1649

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Charles I attempted to reign as an absolute monarch and rule without Parliament. Civil war broke out, the forces of the King lost, and Charles was beheaded.
SH84616. Silver shilling, SCBC 2791; North, group D, 2225, aVF, well centered, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 5.845 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 90o, Tower Mint mint, 1634 - 1635; obverse CAROLVS.D:G:MAG:BR:FR:ET:HI:REX. (Charles, by the grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland), crowned bust left, mark of value XII behind, no inner circle, bell mark; reverse CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO (I reign under the auspices of Christ), bell mint mark, round garnished shield, no inner circle, no plum, no CR; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Abramson, T. Sceatta List. (Norfolk, 2012).
Beresford-Jones, R. A Manual of Anglo-Gallic Gold Coins. (London, 1964).
Brown, I., C. Comber, & W. Wilkinson. The Hammered Silver Coins Produced at the Tower Mint During the Reign of Elizabeth I. (Llanfyllin, 2012).
Brown, L. British Historical Medals. (London, 1980-1995).
Bull, M. English Silver Coinage Since 1649. (London, 2015).
Dumas, F. "Les Monnaies normandes (Xe-XIIe siècles) avec un répertoire des trouvailles" in RN 1979, pp. 84-140, pl. XV - XXI.
Elias, E.R.D. The Anglo-Gallic Coins. (Paris/London, 1984).
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Holt, D., J. Hulett & B. Lyall. "The Tower Mint Shillings of Charles I (1625-49)" in BNJ 84 (2014).
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Mass, J. Mass Collection, English Short Cross Coins, 1180-1247. SCBI 56. (Oxford, 2001).
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North, J. & P. Preston-Morley. Brooker Collection, Coins of Charles I. SCBI 33. (London, 1984).
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Spink. The Important Collection of Anglo-Gallic and the related French and English Coins formed by the late Edward Elias, auction, 21 Jun 1990, London.
Sharp, M. "The Tower shillings of Charles I and their influence on the Aberystwyth issue" in BNJ XLVII (1977).
Wilson, A. & M. Rasmussen. English Pattern Trial and Proof Coins in Gold 1547-1968. (Cambridge, 2000).
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Withers, P., B. Withers, & S. Ford. Anglo-Gallic Coins - Monnaies Anglo-Francaises. (Llanfyllin, 2015).
Woodhead, P. & D. Liddell. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Vol. I, English Gold Coins and their Imitations, Henry III to Elizabeth I, 1257-1603. (London, 1996).
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Catalog current as of Sunday, October 13, 2019.
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English Coins