Orthosia, , 41 - 40 B.C.
Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far of . It was a refounded by one of the but which one is uncertain because the city changed frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of and she was the principal divinity of the town.GB73950. Bronze AE 24, 209 (S, this date noted); - (this date noted p. 644); p. 126, 1 (date obscure); 175 (no visible date); -, VF, green , light encrustations and marks, edge chip, 6.820 g, maximum 23.6 mm, 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in ; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, I Monophthalmus, 323 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Antigonos I Monophthalmos ("the One-eyed") (382 B.C. - 301 B.C.) was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy, and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by in 168 B.C. -- , the free encyclopediaGS77605. Silver , 1387, 614, 888, 582, 451, aVF, scratches and marks, , 4.051 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 270o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, extended in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Pegasos forepart left in left , standing left holding torch under throne; $110.00 (€97.90)
Orthosia, , c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar was struck at Orthosia for with her on the . After Antony and were defeated, under the rule of , her was replaced by . RPC lists this dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The is so close to that of the coins struck under that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. 175 (also no date visible), 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), 869 (same), F, corrosion, 8.937 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, , Orthosia mint, rule of , c. 30 - 28 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his , OPΘΩCIEΩN in , undated(?); extremely ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Amphipolis, , c. 168 - 31 B.C.
In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded and overthrew Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake from . Andriskos traveled to to request military from Demetrius of . Demetrius instead handed him over to . Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded , and defeated the Roman Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself Philip VI of . In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered and made an with , thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna. He fled to , whose prince gave him up to . Andriskos' brief reign over was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this, was formally reduced to a Roman province.GB84830. Bronze AE 21, 58; 104 ( obscure); .2 p. 34, 29 var. (different ); -; -; -, VF, dark , slightly rough, tiny edge split, 10.444 g, maximum 21.4 mm, 315o, Amphipolis mint, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; of right, wearing earring, necklace, and Phrygian helmet ornamented with the wings, dorsal spines, and of a ; AMFIPO/LITWN in two lines, ΩΠNK above, ΩΣ below, all within oak ; ex Auction 4 (30 Sep 2012), lot 1157; $90.00 (€80.10)
Phokaia, , c. 350 - 300 B.C.
is the messenger of the gods in Greek mythology. An Olympian god, he is also the of boundaries and of the travelers who them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the . The analogous Roman deity is Mercury.GB71725. Bronze AE 18, 217, 105; 1038; 7959; -, gVF, dark green , a little rough, 3.433 g, maximum 17.6 mm, 0o, Phokaia (Foca, Turkey) mint, magistrate Pythis, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; of right, wearing and ; forepart of right, Φ−Ω divided above body and forelegs, ΠYΘIΣ below; ex Numismatics auction 4 (30 Sep 2012), lot 1681; $70.00 (€62.30)
"Kainon," , c. 367 - 340 B.C.
This issue, assigned to Alaisa in many references, was perhaps produced by Thracian mercenaries operating in in the 4th century B.C.GI72231. Bronze tetras, I p. 249, 1; 133 (Alaesa); 213 (Alaisa); p. 29, 3 (Alaesa?); 1048 (Alaisa); 509, aVF, 9.118 g, maximum 20.8 mm, 180o, uncertain mint, c. 367 - 340 B.C.; springing left, wings open, rope-like line (clouds?); horse prancing left, loose reigns flying behind, KAINON in ; $70.00 (€62.30)
"Kainon," , c. 367 - 340 B.C.
This issue, assigned to Alaisa in many references, was perhaps produced by Thracian mercenaries operating in in the 4th century B.C.GI75648. Bronze tetras, I, p. 252, 10; 134 (Alaesa); 218 (Alaisa); 1178 (Alaesa); p. 29, 8 (Alaesa); 509, F, scrapes, 9.108 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 45o, uncertain mint, c. 367 - 340 B.C.; springing left, wings open, grasshopper left below; horse prancing left, loose reigns flying behind, KAINON in , with eight rays around a central pellet above; $60.00 (€53.40)
, , c. 281 - 200 B.C.
speculates the kings depicted on this series are Ptolemy III, IV, or V.GP54278. Bronze AE 19, 929, 740 (different portrait ), 380 (different portrait ), -, -, -, F, rough, scratches, 4.072 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, mint, c. 281 - 200 B.C.; of Ptolemy III right; AB∆H−PITΩN, recumbent to left, and pellet before; ; $40.00 (€35.60)
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