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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Collections| ▸ |Jyrki Muona Collection||View Options:  |  |  |   

The Jyrki Muona Collection of Roman Coins

We are pleased to offer a large selection from the Jyrki Muona Collection of Roman Coins. While the collection includes a wide spectrum of emperors and types, the primary focus of the collection is on the emperor Otho and the emperor Philip and his family. Mr. Muona's coins include many rarities and many attractive high grade examples. We hope you find that elusive coin you have been seeking for your collection!


Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.

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References disagree on who is the empress beside Nero. Most simply say empress. Sear (SRCV I) and Giard (BnF II) say the empress is Livia. RSC II says Messalina, but this type is now dated to the time of Nero's marriage to Poppaea Sabina. Nobody says it is his mother Agrippina, because he had her murdered in 59 A.D. We think it is Poppaea.

According to Tacitus, Poppaea was ambitious and ruthless. He reports that Poppaea married Otho to get close to Nero and then, in turn, became Nero's favorite mistress, and then wife. She bore Nero one daughter, Claudia Augusta, born on 21 January 63, who died at only four months of age. At the birth of Claudia, Nero honored mother and child with the title of Augusta. According to Suetonius, while she was awaiting the birth of her second child in the summer of 65, she quarreled fiercely with Nero over his spending too much time at the races. In a fit of rage, Nero kicked her in the abdomen, killing her.
RS72960. Silver denarius, post reform; RIC I 45 (R), BMCRE I 54, RSC II 43 (Messalina), BnF II 201 (Livia), Hunter I 24, SRCV I 1940 (Livia), EF, excellent portrait, fantastic reverse style, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 64 - 65 A.D.; obverse NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse AVGVSTVS AVGVSTA, Nero, on left, standing slightly left, radiate and togate, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; empress on right, standing left, veiled and draped, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Imperial Coins; rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

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SH75694. Silver denarius, RIC I 19 (R2), RSC II 9, BMCRE I 6, BnF III 22, SRCV I 2158, aEF, toned, die break on obverse, flan flaw on reverse, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse PONT MAX (high priest), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex New York Sale XXVIII (5 Jan 2012), lot 1063; rare; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Titus & Domitian Reverse

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On 14 April 70 A.D. Titus surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July Titus stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. Titus destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.
SH77005. Silver denarius, RIC II part I, 16 (R); BnF III 1; RSC II 5; BMCRE II 2; Hunter I 2; SRCV I 2399, EF/aEF, light toning, tight flan, some light bumps and marks, among the finest examples of the type, weight 3.414 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Jun (or later) 70 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR, confronted bare heads of Titus right (on left) and Domitian left (on right); from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Helios Numismatik auction 4 (14 Oct 2009), lot 302; ex A. Lynn Collection; rare; SOLD


Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Divus Augustus Reverse

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Tiberius left his estate and the titles of the principate to Caligula and to Tiberius' own grandson, Gemellus, who were to serve as joint heirs. Although Tiberius was 78 and on his death bed, some ancient historians still conjecture that he was murdered. Tacitus writes that the Praetorian Prefect, Macro, smothered Tiberius with a pillow to hasten Caligula's accession, much to the joy of the Roman people. Suetonius writes that Caligula may have carried out the murder himself, though this is not recorded by any other ancient historian. Seneca the elder and Philo, as well as Josephus, record that Tiberius died a natural death. Caligula had Tiberius' will nullified with regards to Gemellus on grounds of insanity, but otherwise he carried out Tiberius' wishes.
SH77011. Silver denarius, RIC I 2, RSC I 11, Lyon 157, BnF II 3, BMCRE I 4, SRCV I 1808, aVF, excellent portraits, light marks, light corrosion, small edge crack, reverse slightly off-center, weight 3.196 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 120o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 37 A.D.; obverse C CAESAR AVG GERM P M TR POT COS, bare head of Caligula right; reverse radiate head of Divus Augustus right, flanked by two stars; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex Vecchi Nummorum Auctiones 9 (NYC, 4 Dec 1997), lot 166; rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

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With this coin Otho claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a rare event because Rome was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SH72949. Silver denarius, RIC I 6 (R), RSC II 5, BMCRE I 4, SRCV I 2156 var. (head right), BnF III 3 var. (same), Hunter I 2 var. (same), VF, excellent portrait, attractive toning, some marks, some light corrosion mostly near rim, weight 3.290 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 2nd issue, late Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head left; reverse PAX ORBIS TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, caduceus in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Moruzzi, Italy (1997) with their Italian export certificate of authenticity and provenance; one of the rarest coins of Otho, only 7/1000 coins in Jyrki Muona's Otho die study; extremely rare; SOLD


Vitellius, 2 January - 20 December 69 A.D., Vitellius the Elder (His Father) Reverse

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Lucius Vitellius, depicted on the reverse of this coin, was father of the emperor Vitellius, a Roman senator, three times consul, and governor of Syria from 35 to 39 A.D. In 36 A.D. Lucius Vitellius fired Pontius Pilate, the infamous prefect of Judaea. A Samaritan, claiming to be Moses reincarnate, gathered an armed following. Pilate dispersed the crowd by killing some and taking many prisoners. After he executed the ringleaders, the Samaritans appealed to Vitellius, complaining that Pilate's response was excessive. Vitellius, agreed, sent Pilate back to Italy and appointed Marcellus. In support of Claudius and Agrippina, Vitellius invented arguments why the old rule that an uncle and his niece should not marry did not apply to the emperor. The new empress returned the favor. When Vitellius was accused of high treason by the senator Junius Lupus, she made sure that Claudius exiled the accuser. Vitellius died unexpectedly from a paralytic stroke and received a statue on the speaker's platform on the Roman Forum, with the inscription "Of unwavering loyalty to the emperor." His unwavering loyalty was later criticized by Tacitus:

"The man, I am aware, had a bad name at Rome, and many a foul story was told of him. But in the government of provinces he acted with the virtue of ancient times. He returned and then, through fear of Caligula and intimacy with Claudius, degenerated into a servility so base that he is regarded by an after-generation as the type of the most degrading adulation. The beginning of his career was forgotten in its end, and an old age of infamy effaced the virtues of youth." [Tacitus, Annals, 6.32; tr. A.J. Church and W.J. Brodribb]
SH72990. Silver denarius, RIC I 77 (R), RSC II Lucius Vitellius 3a, BMCRE I 26 var., BnF III 58 var., Hunter I 14 var., SRCV I 2237 var. (all var., ...IMP AVG TR P, Jul - Dec), gF, nice portraits, nice metal and surfaces, weight 3.076 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. late Apr - Jul 69 A.D.; obverse A VITELLIVS GERMAN IMP TR P, laureate head of Vitellius right; reverse L VITELLIVS COS III CENSOR, laureate and draped bust of Lucius Vitellius (the emperor's father) right, eagle-tipped scepter to right; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Ritter (2010); missing from the British Museum, BibliothŤque nationale de France, and the Hunter Coin Cabinet at Glasgow!; very rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

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With this coin Otho claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a rare event because Rome was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SH75695. Silver denarius, RIC I 4 (R), RSC II 3, BMCRE I 3, BnF III 3, SRCV I 2156, VF, superb portrait, nice toning, scratches, reverse center flatly struck, weight 3.518 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; obverse IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse PAX ORBIS TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, caduceus in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

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extremely rare spelling error (OTHONS vice OTHONIS) known from a single reverse die.

This Victory type was likely struck in anticipation of the upcoming war with Vitellius.
SH41725. Silver denarius, Unpublished variant; cf. RIC I 16 (R3), RSC II 24, BMCRE I 24, BnF III 24, SRCV I 2165 (all OTHONIS), aVF/F, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Feb 69 A.D.; obverse IMP M OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse VICTORIA OTHONS (sic), Victory walking left, wreath extended in right hand, palm frond in left hand; extremely rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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Gaius Licinius Mucianus (named on this coin) was governor of Syria. When he failed to put down the Jewish revolt, Vespasian was sent to replace him. After the death of Galba, Mucianus and Vespasian both swore allegiance to Otho. Mucianus persuaded Vespasian to take up arms against Vitellius, who had seized the throne. They agreed Vespasian would settle affairs in the East, while Mucianus made would attack Vitellius. On his way to Rome, Mucianus defeated a Dacian invasion of Moesia. Mucianus reached Rome the day after Vitellius' death. Mucianus never wavered in his allegiance to Vespasian and was appointed consul for the third time in 72. As no mention is made of Mucianus during the reigns of Titus or Domitian, he probably died during the reign of Vespasian.
RP85562. Bronze AE 28, McAlee 319 (ex. rare, same dies), cf. RPC 4316 (not specifying obverse legend direction), aVF, nice portrait, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, spots of light corrosion, obverse legend mostly weak or off flan, weight 11.757 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; obverse [IMP M OT]-HO - [CAE AVG] (counterclockwise from upper left), head laureate right, dot in field behind; reverse EΠI / MOYKIA/NOY AN/TIOXEΩ/N ET ZIP (legate Mucianus, of Antioch, year 117) in five lines within a linear circle in a laurel wreath; this variant with a counterclockwise obverse legend is extremely rare; ex Gemini auction XIII (6 Apr 2017), lot 158, ex Jyrki Muona Collection; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

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With this coin Otho claimed there was peace all over the world. It was true that at the time it was struck there was peace along all the borders of the empire, which was a rare event because Rome was almost always engaged in some war with the nations and tribes that surrounded it. It was, however, an absurdity, in the midst of a civil war within the borders, to acclaim peace on the borders as peace all over the world.
SH72951. Silver denarius, RSC II 4a, RIC I -, BMCRE I -, BnF III -, Hunter I -, SRCV I -, VF, nice toning, a few bumps and scratches, weight 3.335 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, late Feb - early Mar 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse PAX ORBIS TERRARVM (All the World at Peace), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, caduceus in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Freeman & Sear Mail Bid Sale 13 (2006), lot 437; not in RIC - this is the much rarer later variety without M between IMP and OTHO, 45/1000 coins in Jyrki Muona's Otho die study; very rare; SOLD




  




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Muona Collection