, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
abbreviates Quinquennalibus, which means has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RL74457. , 69 (R3), 31, 16748, 55 var. (no drapery, pellets flanking AQT), VF, , nice portrait, porous, 2.721 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, 3rd , mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate, draped, and right; (our prince), in , AQT in ; ; $55.00 (€48.95)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL84338. , 86 (R1), 15345, 20, -, VF, , traces of , , 2.830 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 1st , mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate right; DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within , tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in ; ; $50.00 (€44.50)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
While Constantine and his sons had been strong military figures, they had also re-established the practice of hereditary succession, adopted by . The obvious flaw in these two competing requirements came in the reign of , a child. His reign was a harbinger of the fifth century, when children or nonentities, reigning as emperors, were controlled by powerful generals and officials.RL77944. Bronze , 32(b) (S), II 1069, 20291, 8, VF, nice green , earthen encrustations, edge split, scratches, 2.582 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, 1st , mint, 375 - 378 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS IVN , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; • (harmony among the three emperors), seated facing, helmeted left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left hand, left leg bare, SMAQP in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $40.00 (€35.60)
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