Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
VOT V abbreviates Votis Quinquennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RL74457. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 69 (R3), Cohen VII 31, SRCV IV 16748, Hunter V 55 var. (no drapery, pellets flanking AQT), VF, well centered, nice portrait, porous, weight 2.721 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT V in wreath, AQT in exergue; rare;
$55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL84338. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 86 (R1), SRCV IV 15345, Cohen VII 20, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, traces of silvering, flan crack, weight 2.830 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in exergue; rare;
$50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
While Constantine and his sons had been strong military figures, they had also re-established the practice of hereditary succession, adopted by Valentinian I. The obvious flaw in these two competing requirements came in the reign of Valentinian II, a child. His reign was a harbinger of the fifth century, when children or nonentities, reigning as emperors, were controlled by powerful generals and officials.RL77944. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 32(b) (S), LRBC II 1069, SRCV V 20291, Cohen VIII 8, VF, nice green patina, earthen encrustations, edge split, scratches, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 375 - 378 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS IVN P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA AVGGG• (harmony among the three emperors), Roma seated facing, helmeted head left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left hand, left leg bare, SMAQP in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce;
$40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
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Catalog current as of Tuesday, August 22, 2017.
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