, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The translates, "Happy Times ." Happy times would not last for . This coinage was among his last issues before his general rebelled and had him killed.RL90437. heavy maiorina, 244, II 1136, 31, 18730, 10, gVF, light encrustations, 4.945 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 45o, 2nd , mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N CONSTA-NS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left in Galley left, in left hand, on globe in right hand, steering at stern, AQS• in ; $180.00 (€160.20)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
In 320, , eldest son of , led a victorious campaign against the Franks, assuring twenty years of peace along the Rhine frontier. He established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), capital of .RL76385. , 255a, 48, 16323, 690, gVF, some , some , 3.122 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 330o, 1st , mint, 320 A.D.; , helmeted and right; (courage of the army), inscribed VOT / XX, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with bound behind, the one on the right looking back left, S left, F right, AQP in ; from the Scott Collection, ex Beast Coins (2007); $110.00 (€97.90)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
abbreviates Quinquennalibus, which means has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for five years of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL74457. , 69 (R3), 31, 16748, 55 var. (no drapery, pellets flanking AQT), VF, , nice portrait, porous, 2.721 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, 3rd , mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate, draped, and right; (our prince), in , AQT in ; ; $55.00 (€48.95)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.
RL84338. , 86 (R1), 15345, 20, -, VF, , traces of , , 2.830 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 1st , mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate right; DOMINI•N•LICINI AVG, VOT / XX in two lines within , tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, •AQS• in ; ; $50.00 (€44.50)
, , 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
On 15 March 351 elevated his 25-year-old cousin to at in . He arranged a marriage with his sister and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. marched with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus .RL84357. maiorina, 200 (S), II 931, 4, 19013, 14, VF, nice dark green , , , light marks and corrosion, 2.528 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 0o, mint, Sept 352 - winter 354 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS IVN , bare-headed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, at feet, AQS ; $50.00 (€44.50)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
While Constantine and his sons had been strong military figures, they had also re-established the practice of hereditary succession, adopted by . The obvious flaw in these two competing requirements came in the reign of , a child. His reign was a harbinger of the fifth century, when children or nonentities, reigning as emperors, were controlled by powerful generals and officials.RL77944. Bronze , 32(b) (S), II 1069, 20291, 8, VF, nice green , earthen encrustations, edge split, scratches, 2.582 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 180o, 1st , mint, 375 - 378 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS IVN , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; • (harmony among the three emperors), seated facing, helmeted left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left hand, left leg bare, SMAQP in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $40.00 (€35.60)
, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
was founded by the Romans as a Latin colony in 181 B.C. in the north-eastern corner of the plain of the Po at the northern end of the Adriatic. It grew to become one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Roman Empire. After the city was destroyed by the Hun in A.D. 453, the survivors clustered in a drastically reduced settlement around the , which is the origin of the small present-day town. Most of the ancient city lies unexcavated beneath the surrounding fields.BB83780. Bronze , 12(b)xiv(a), II 1031, 19822, 47, F, centered, earthen encrustation, edge splits, 2.375 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, 1st , mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; D N , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), walking left, in right hand, frond in left hand, left, SMAQP in ; $16.00 (€14.24)
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