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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Denominations ▸ Late Roman SilverView Options:  |  |  | 

Late Roman Silver

Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, Theodosius marched west and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed.
RL84408. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Trier 84b(1), RSC V 20a, SRCV V 20644, Cohen VIII 20 (10 fr.), VF, flan crack, dark encrustations, weight 1.831 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 384 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MA-XIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, left leg bare, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, TRPS in exergue; $280.00 (249.20)


Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.

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At first, Honorius based his capital in Milan, but when the Visigoths under King Alaric I entered Italy in 401 he moved his capital to the coastal city of Ravenna, which was protected by a ring of marshes and strong fortifications. While the new capital was easier to defend, it was poorly situated to allow Roman forces to protect central Italy from the increasingly regular threat of barbarian incursions. The Emperor's residence remained in Ravenna until the overthrow of the last western Roman Emperor in 476. Recognizing its security, Ravenna was selected as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy, and also became the seat of the Byzantine exarchs.
RS84411. Silver siliqua, RIC X Honorius 1228, Ulrich-Bansa Moneta 67, RSC V 59b, SRCV V 20968, gVF, well centered and struck on a tight flan cutting off tops of some legend letters and mintmark, attractive toning, small edge splits, light marks and scratches, weight 1.295 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 397 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated left on cuirass, draped, wearing crested helmet, Victory on globe offering wreath in her right hand, inverted spear in her left hand, MDPS in exergue; $200.00 (178.00)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.
RS84407. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Trier 27(e)1, RSC V 109a, Hunter V 7, SRCV V 19675, VF, well centered, toned, flan cracks, bumps and marks, light corrosion, weight 1.963 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on throne, Victory on globe in Roma's right hand, scepter or spear without point vertical in her left hand, Victory extends wreath in right hand and holds palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, TRPS in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (160.20)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit With Julian II Reverse

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This coin combines an obverse die of Constantius II, 337 - 361, with a reverse die of Julian II, 360 - 363 A.D. The unlikely hybrid of types from different emperors and issues, the light weight, and the flan flaw on the reverse indicate it is a plated ancient counterfeit.

Ancient counterfeits often have mismatched obverses and reverses. Transfer dies were made using genuine coins which were destroyed in the process. Since making each die destroyed the coin, the same coin could not be used to make both dies. The destroyed coins were undoubtedly melted to contribute to the silver foil plate.

Unlike counterfeit denarii, counterfeit siliqua are very rare. Siliqua are so thin, that striking counterfeits with a bronze core apparently could not provide an economic benefit worth the effort and risk.
RS79849. Fouree silver plated reduced siliqua, cf. official, Lugdunum mint, silver, RIC VIII Constantius II 180 (for obverse) and RIC VIII Julian II 233 (for reverse), aVF, well centered on a tight flan cutting off parts of legend, marks, scratches, corrosion, edge crack, edge chips, weight 1.385 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, illegal mint, c. 360 - 365 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, eagle in circle closing wreath at the top, CONST in exergue; $125.00 (111.25)


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RS84417. Silver siliqua, SRCV V 19675, cf. RIC IX Trier 27b, 27e, and 45a-b, RSC V 109a-c, Hunter V 7, VF, toned, scratches, clipped, weight 1.251 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 368 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on throne, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left, TRPS[?] in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (80.10)


Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.

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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RL84419. Silver siliqua, SRCV V 19966 ff. (various mints), RSC V 87 (same), aVF, clipped, weight 0.946 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain (mintmark off flan) mint, c. 375 - 379 A.D.; obverse D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on cuirass, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, reversed spear behind in left; $90.00 (80.10)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 28, 2017.
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Late Roman Silver