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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Judean KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


Shekel of Tyre, KP Type, 38 - 39 A.D., Temple Tax for Two

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Full Shekel - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SL86644. Silver shekel, Baramki AUB 88; Cohen DCA 920-164 (S); RPC I 4668 (2 spec.); Prieur 1428 (4 spec.); Rouvier 2111; BMC Phoenicia -, NGC XF, strike 3/5, surface 3/5 (4241491-013), weight 13.84 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 38 - 39 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, date PΞD (year 164) over club left, KP (καισαρ?) over monogram right, Phoenician letter beth (control) between legs; scarce; $870.00 (739.50)


Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 40 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate sent Jesus to Herod for judgment. "Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing...And mocking him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate." (Luke 23:7-15)

All the coins of Antipas are rare and very rare in nice condition. They were minted with an inferior alloy that was particularly susceptible to corrosion and wear. The coins were minted in Tiberias, a capital city founded by Antipas c. 19 A.D. and named for Tiberius.
JD87408. Bronze half denomination, Hendin 1212, Meshorer TJC 88, RPC I 4931, aVF, dark patina with earthen encrustation, weight 18 g, maximum diameter 4.62 mm, die axis 0o, Tiberias mint, 33 - 34 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias, the mint) in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HΠΩ∆OY TETPAPΞOY, palm branch, L - ΛZ (year 37) across fields; ex CNG e-auction 425 (25 Jul 2018), lot 224; rare; $440.00 (374.00)


Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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LT67273. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $300.00 (255.00)


Lot of 20 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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LT68235. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 20 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $215.00 (182.75)


Lot of 22 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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LT67254. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 22 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $195.00 (165.75)


Lot of 10 Prutot, Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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LT67274. Bronze Lot, Hendin 1244, lot of 10 prutot (singular: prutah), Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $160.00 (136.00)


The Coins of The Holy Land: The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection

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The Abraham and Marian Sofaer collection consists of 4,000 coins and related objects produced by the peoples who inhabited the Holy Land from the Persian period in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C. through the Crusader kingdom in the thirteenth century of the modern era. Assembled over more than thirty years, the collection contains gold, silver, and bronze coins of the Persians, Greeks, Samarians, Hebrews, Nabataeans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, and Crusaders. This book has become a primary reference for Holy Land coins.
BK10621. The Coins Of The Holy Land The Abraham and Marian Sofaer Collection at the American Numismatic Society and The Israel Museum, by Ya'akov Meshorer, 2013, American Numismatic Society, Ancient Coins in North American Collections 8, hardback, 2 volumes, new, list price $190, international shipping at the actual cost of postage; $140.00 (119.00)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Herod the Great, a Roman client king of Judea, has been described as a madman who murdered his own family and a great many rabbis, prepared to commit any crime in order to gratify his unbounded ambition, and as the greatest builder in Jewish history. He is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including his expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, the construction of the port at Caesarea Maritima, the fortress at Masada and Herodium. Vital details of his life are recorded in the works of the 1st century Roman-Jewish historian Josephus.
JD86529. Bronze 2 prutot, Hendin 1178a, Meshorer TJC 49, Sofaer Collection 19, RPC I 4905 var. (closed diadem), weight 2.187 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, c. 30 - 29 B.C.; obverse HPΩ∆OY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (of King Herod), cross surrounded by open diadem; reverse tripod table, flat object upon it, flanked by palm branches; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; $85.00 (72.25)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C., Brockage

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A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die. See brockage in NumisWiki for a detailed explanation.
JD84590. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1145, Meshorer TJC P, Meshorer AJC E, VF, off center, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse incuse of obverse; $50.00 (42.50)







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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 25, 2018.
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Coins of the Judean Kingdom