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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Judean KingdomView Options:  |  |  |   

Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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This coin is listed in Hendin's Guide to Biblical Coins as extremely rare and without a price. Struck from the same dies as the Zurqieh example on the Menorah Coin Project. Meshorer reports the lead tesserae of Alexander Jannaeus are found almost exclusively in Transjordan, as was this example.
JS08257. Lead tessera, Hendin 477, Menorah Coin Project type III, VF, weight 1.370 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Transjordan mint, obverse Central elevated dot surrounded by six loop rays, all within a circle.; reverse blank; extremely rare; SOLD


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Meshorer wrote of the cursive style on this type, "The letters appear is if they were written with pen and ink. They are schematic, elongated, oblique, and very small. Some are so minute as to be little more than points. Although small, the shapes of the letters are simple and quite legible. The inscription is mostly complete and contains no errors." The Paleo-Hebrew inscription on this coin reads, from right to left, as follows: YHWNT/N ( Yehonatan) KHN (priest) GD/L (high) W (and) (HH)BR (council) H (the) YH/WM. See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.
JD08177. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC R13, Hendin 1146, Meshorer AJC G, gVF, reverse off-center, nice patina, weight 1.58 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, cursive style script, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; SOLD


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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This large bronze type was meant to impress the population and improve support for Antigonus against his rival Herod the Great.
JD14047. Bronze AE 24, Meshorer TJC 36h, Hendin 1162, VF, weight 14.98 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Mattatayah the High Priest and Council of the Jews, around and between the horns of a double cornucopia; reverse BACIΛEΩC ANTIΓONOY (of King Antigonus), ivy wreath tied at the top with ribbons hanging down; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

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Discontent and inept rule led to open rebellion in 66 A.D. The Romans, distracted by the Civil Wars following the death of Nero, were unable to put a speedy end to the revolt. But in 70 A.D., Titus captured and sacked Jerusalem and destroyed the temple.
SH33191. Silver shekel, Hendin 1358, aEF, weight 14.324 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse "Shekel of Israel" in Hebrew, Omer cup with pearled rim, date above (year 2); reverse stem with three pomegranates, "Jerusalem the Holy" in Hebrew around; SOLD


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

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In 67, Vespasian arrived in Ptolemais, along with Legio X Fretensis and Legio V Macedonica to put down the Jewish Revolt. He was joined by his son Titus, who brought Legio XV Apollinaris from Alexandria. By late the spring the Roman army numbered more than 60,000 soldiers, including auxiliaries and troops of king Agrippa II.
SH28932. Silver shekel, Hendin 1358, EF, weight 13.496 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, year 2, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse "Shekel of Israel" in Hebrew, Omer cup with pearled rim, date above (year 2); reverse stem with three pomegranates, "Jerusalem the Holy" in Hebrew around; SOLD


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 64 - 65 A.D.

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One of the last issues of the type and apparently unpublished!
SH26439. Silver half shekel, Prieur -, RPC I -, BMC Phoenicia -, cf. RPC I supplement 4680 (full shekel), VF, weight 6.474 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 64 - 65 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date (year 190) and club left, KP and HP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; extremely rare; SOLD


Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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Agrippa spent much of his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome and was close to both Caligula and Claudius. One of Claudius' first acts was a treaty guaranteeing Agrippa's kingdom, with the title "great king," and granting the additional territory of Chalcis to Agrippa's elder brother Herod V. The reverse of this coin depicts a victimarius (sacrificial assistant) about to kill a pig to sanctify the oaths of this treaty. Both Josephus (Jospehus, Ant. xix.5.1) and Suetonius (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) wrote that Claudius and Agrippa performed this fetial ceremony in the center of the Forum in Rome.
SH66828. Bronze AE 26, Hendin 1245, Meshorer AJC II p. 248, 8, Meshorer TJC 121; RPC I 4983, F, weight 15.186 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, 42 - 43 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOΣ KAICAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΓEPM (Tiberius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), laureate head of Claudius right; reverse BAΣIΛEYΣ MEΓAΣ AΓPIΠΠAΣ ΦIΛOKAIΣAP (the Great King Agrippa, friend of Caesar), figures of Agrippa and Claudius stand facing each other within a distyle temple, priest(?) standing in center background, victimarius kneeling in center at feet holding pig, LZ (regnal year 7) in pediment; ex William M. Rosenblum auction 43A, lot 18; very rare; SOLD


Jerusalem or Tyre, 20 - 21 A.D., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

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Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
JD40037. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 248, 201; RPC I 4659; Prieur 1419, EF, uneven, weight 14.236 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 20 - 21 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, letter between legs, PMς (year 146 = 20/21 A.D.) and club left, KP and monogram right; SOLD


Judaea, Bar Kochba War, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Roman Imperial bust wreath ties are clearly visible on the reverse, as well as the back of the head and neck.
SH21684. Silver zuz, Mildenberg 167, Hendin 1431, Meshorer TJC 277, aEF, flat strike areas, weight 3.369 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Judaean mint, undated, 132 - 135 A.D.; obverse Shim'on (in Hebrew), bunch of grapes; reverse For the freedom of Jerusalem (in Hebrew), two trumpets; SOLD


Judaea, Bar Kochba War, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Roman Imperial legend trace "TR P II COS III.."is visible on the obverse, pointing to a Nerva denarius undertype.
SH28912. Silver zuz, Mildenberg 170 (O21/R103), Hendin 1430, Meshorer 281, Choice aEF, weight 3.326 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Judaean mint, undated, 132 - 135 A.D.; obverse Shim'on (in Hebrew), bunch of grapes; reverse For the freedom of Jerusalem (in Hebrew), Lulav (palm-frond); SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, February 24, 2018.
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Coins of the Judean Kingdom