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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Judean KingdomView Options:  |  |  |   

Judean Kingdom

Coins of Judaea and Palestine are also presented in our Judean and Biblical catalog section. Here coins of the Judaea Kingdom are grouped together and listed from highest price to lowest. In our Judean and Biblical catalog section coins are organized by types and rulers and are presented with additional historical information and biblical references.


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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This coin is listed in Hendin's Guide to Biblical Coins as extremely rare and without a price. Struck from the same dies as the Zurqieh example on the Menorah Coin Project. Meshorer reports the lead tesserae of Alexander Jannaeus are found almost exclusively in Transjordan, as was this example.
JS08257. Lead tessera, Hendin 477, Menorah Coin Project type III, VF, weight 1.370 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Transjordan mint, obverse Central elevated dot surrounded by six loop rays, all within a circle.; reverse blank; extremely rare; SOLD


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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JD08177. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC R13, Hendin 1146, gVF, weight 1.58 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Yehonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, cursive style script, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; reverse off-center, nice patina; SOLD


Judean Kingdom, Mattathias Antigonus (Mattatayah), 40 - 37 B.C.

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This large bronze type was meant to impress the population and improve support for Antigonus against his rival Herod the Great.
JD14047. Bronze AE 24, Meshorer TJC 36h, Hendin 1162, VF, weight 14.98 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, obverse Hebrew inscription, Mattatayah the High Priest and Council of the Jews, around and between the horns of a double cornucopia; reverse BACIΛEΩC ANTIΓONOY (of King Antigonus), ivy wreath tied at the top with ribbons hanging down; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 64 - 65 A.D.

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One of the last issues of the type and apparently unpublished!
SH26439. Silver half shekel, Prieur -, RPC I -, BMC Phoenicia -, cf. RPC I supplement 4680 (full shekel), VF, weight 6.474 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 64 - 65 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date (year 190) and club left, KP and HP monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; extremely rare; SOLD


Jerusalem or Tyre, 20 - 21 A.D., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver

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Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
"Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.

The Temple Tax Coin
"..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27
JD40037. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 248, 201; RPC I 4659; Prieur 1419, EF, uneven, weight 14.236 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 20 - 21 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, letter between legs, PMς (year 146 = 20/21 A.D.) and club left, KP and monogram right; SOLD


Judaea, Bar Kochba War, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Roman Imperial bust wreath ties are clearly visible on the reverse, as well as the back of the head and neck.
SH21684. Silver zuz, Mildenberg 167, Hendin 1431, Meshorer TJC 277, aEF, flat strike areas, weight 3.369 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Judaean mint, undated, 132 - 135 A.D.; obverse Shim'on (in Hebrew), bunch of grapes; reverse For the freedom of Jerusalem (in Hebrew), two trumpets; SOLD


Judaea, Bar Kochba War, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms. Roman Imperial legend trace "TR P II COS III.."is visible on the obverse, pointing to a Nerva denarius undertype.
SH28912. Silver zuz, Mildenberg 170 (O21/R103), Hendin 1430, Meshorer 281, Choice aEF, weight 3.326 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Judaean mint, undated, 132 - 135 A.D.; obverse Shim'on (in Hebrew), bunch of grapes; reverse For the freedom of Jerusalem (in Hebrew), Lulav (palm-frond); SOLD


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Half Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 35 - 36 A.D.

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Half Shekel - the currency of the Jerusalem Temple
After the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, some experts believe Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The Jerusalem shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SL62590. Silver half shekel, RPC I 4665, Prieur 1425, VF, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 35 - 36 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond under wing, PΞA (year 161) over club left, KP and monogram right, Aramaic letter between legs; PCGS certified "genuine" (slabbed); SOLD


Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver, Tyre KP Type Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 41 - 42 A.D.

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Full Shekel - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.
SH72610. Silver shekel, Cohen DCA 920 (year 167, R3), DCA Supplement 397 var. (alef between legs), RPC I -, Prieur -, BMC Phoenicia -, VF, toned, light weight, marks, punch on reverse, weight 11.175 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem or Tyre mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right; reverse eagle standing left, club before, PΞZ (year 167) before, transverse palm branch on far side, KP over Φ behind, Phoenician letter bet between legs; very rare date; SOLD


The Temple Tax Coin, Tyre KP Type Shekel, Jerusalem or Tyre Mint, 34 - 35 A.D.

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Full Shekel - Tax for Two. At the Great Temple in Jerusalem the annual tax levied was 1/2 shekel per male. The 1/2 shekel and shekel were the only coins accepted by the temple. Some experts believe that after the coinage of Tyre was debased under Roman control, Herod the Great began to strike "Tyre" shekels in Jerusalem. These coins were of cruder fabric and style, but maintained the silver purity required to pay the temple tax. The "Jerusalem" shekels have the letters KP or KAP to the right of the eagle and dates range from PH (18/17 B.C.) to PKE (69/70 A.D.). The Greek letters KP or KAP are probably an abbreviation for KAICAP, Greek for Caesar.

JD35417. Silver shekel, RPC I 4664, Prieur 1424, Hendin 919, BMC Phoenicia -, VF, toned, weight 12.825 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre or Jerusalem mint, 34 - 35 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, PΞ (year 160) and club left, KP over XE monogram right, Aramaic beth between legs; high relief obverse; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Fontanille, J.P. Menorah Coin Project Website. http://menorahcoinproject.org.
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Phoenicia. (London, 1910).
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Mildenberg, L. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Typos VI. (Aarau, 1984).
Prieur, M. & K. Prieur. The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258. (Lancaster, PA, 2000).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 22, 2017.
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Coins of the Judean Kingdom