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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Comnen Dynasty| ▸ |Constantine X||View Options:  |  |  |   

Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

Constantine X seems to have been a weak, ineffective leader. His wife, Eudocia, had great power within the empire, and was thought by some to be "the power behind the throne." Upon the death of Constantine X, his eldest son, Michael VII was still a child, so Eudocia took over as regent.


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

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In 1066 A.D., on 28 September, Duke William of Normandy landed in England at Pevensey. On 14 October, at the Battle of Hastings, King Harold II of England was killed and Duke William of Normandy was victorious. In England, this date is the traditional end of the Dark Ages (Early Middle Ages). On 25 December, Duke William of Normandy was crowned King William I of England in Westminster Abbey.
SH81740. Gold scyphate histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1b; Wroth BMC 1 - 2; Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/08; SBCV 1847; Sommer 52.1; Ratto 2010 var. (no pellet on labarum), gVF, weight 4.412 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTnIm (sic, Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse +KWN RAC Λ−O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum with pellet on shaft in right hand, globus cruciger in left, double border; SOLD


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About 1060 A.D. the Spanish Jew Benjamin of Tudela reported that Constantinople had merchant communities from Babylon, Canaan, Egypt, Hungary, Persia, Russia, Sennar, and Spain, as well as 2,000 Jews.
SH73346. Gold scyphate histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1b; Wroth BMC 1 - 2; Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/08; SBCV 1847; Sommer 52.1; Ratto 2010 var. (no pellet on labarum), EF, attractive face of Christ, weight 4.401 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse +KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum with pellet on shaft in right hand, globus cruciger in left, double border; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
In 1066 A.D., on 28 September, Duke William of Normandy landed in England at Pevensey. On 14 October, at the Battle of Hastings, King Harold II of England was killed and Duke William of Normandy was victorious. In England, this date is the traditional end of the Dark Ages (Early Middle Ages). On 25 December, Duke William of Normandy was crowned King William I of England in Westminster Abbey.
SH76241. Gold scyphate histamenon nomisma, DOC III part 2, 1a; Wroth BMC 3; Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/01; SBCV 1847; Sommer 52.1.1; Ratto 2010, gF, scratches, weight 4.089 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.; obverse IhS XPS REX REGNANTnIm (sic, Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse + KWN RAC Λ−O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum without pellet on shaft in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand, double border; from the Robert Watcher Collection; SOLD


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In 1064, the Seljuk Turks stormed Anatolia, taking Caesarea and Ani, marking the beginning of Turkish incursions into Anatolia.
BZ36574. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 9, SBCV 1854, Sommer 52.7, Wroth BMC 32, Morrisson BnF 31, Ratto 2018; overstruck on SBCV 1853, gVF, bold Christ portrait, undertype effects strong but visually appealing, weight 8.418 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse + EMMANOVHΛ, bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, IC-XC; reverse +KWN RACIΛ-EVC O ∆OVK, Constantine X bust facing, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding cross and akakia; SOLD


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In 1066, Duke William of Normandy led the Norman conquest of England.
SH59939. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Wroth BMC 18, Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AE/1, Ratto 2021, SBCV 1853, Sommer 52.6, gVF, excellent for type, weight 8.557 g, maximum diameter 30.0 mm, die axis 180.0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse +EMMA-NOVHΛ, Christ stands facing on footstool, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, Gospels in left, IC - XC across field; reverse + KWNT ∆K - EV∆K AVΓO (or similar, from upper right), Eudocia on left, Constantine on right both stand facing crowned, wearing loros, holding between labarum with cross on shaft on three steps; SOLD


Islamic, Zangids of Aleppo, Syria, Nurettin Mahmud bin Zengi, 541 - 569 H, 1146 - 15 May 1174 A.D.

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Interesting transitional issue derived from a Byzantine follis of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople, 1059 - 1067 (DOC III 8, SBCV 1853).
IS09094. Bronze dirhem, Spengler-Sayles 73, Album 1850, Mitchiner WOI 1132, Hennequin 603, VF, obv and rev off-center, weight 5.34 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 180o, Aleppo (Halab) mint, obverse two byzantine emperors facing, wearing long gown, holding together labarum, between them two line kufic legend, corrupted Greek legend on border; reverse nimbate Christ facing, wearing long gown, two lines kufic legend in field, corrupted Greek legend on border; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Constantine X seems to have been a weak, ineffective leader. His wife, Eudocia, had great power within the empire, and was thought by some to be "the power behind the throne." Upon the death of Constantine X, his eldest son, Michael VII was still a child, so Eudocia took over as regent.
BZ86363. Silver 2/3 miliaresion, DOC III part 2, 6a, Morrisson BnF , Wroth BMC 9, Ratto 2013, Sommer 52.5.1, SBCV 1851, Grierson 962 var. (sigla), VF, dark toning, holed (3), chipped, broken and repaired (typical for this rare issue), weight 1.317 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse + ΘKE ROHΘ (Greek abbreviation for God-bearer), Virgin Mary standing facing, nimbate, orans, wearing tunic and maphorion, cross of five dots to left and right of head, MHP (ligature) - ΘV (Greek abbreviation for Mother of God) across field; reverse +ΘKE RO/HΘEI KWN/CTANTINW / ∆ECWOTH / TW ∆OUKA (OU ligate, God-bearer, aid Constantine Ducas the Despot) in five lines, ornaments above and below; very rare; SOLD


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On 28 December 1065, Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
BZ81768. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 8, Wroth BMC 18, Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AE/1, Ratto 2021, SBCV 1853, Sommer 52.6, VF, weight 11.155 g, maximum diameter 29.9180 mm, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +EMMA-NOVHΛ, Christ standing facing on footstool, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, Gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Jesus Christ) across field; reverse + KWNT ∆K - EV∆K AVΓO (or similar, from upper right), Eudocia on left, Constantine on right both stand facing crowned, wearing loros, holding between labarum with cross on shaft on three steps; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

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An ancient struck counterfeit. This is the only counterfeit histamenon nomisma Forum has handled.
SH36553. Fouree gold plated scyphate histamenon nomisma, for prototype see SBCV 1847; DOC III part 2, 1 (official, gold, not plated, Constantinople mint), gVF, weight 3.758 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, illegal mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse +KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left, double border; rare ancient counterfeit; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
On 28 December 1065, Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
BZ36566. Bronze follis, DOC III part 2, 9, SBCV 1854, Sommer 52.7, Wroth BMC 32, Morrisson BnF 31, Ratto 2018, aVF, weight 8.830 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse + EMMANOVHΛ, bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction; Gospels in left; IC left, XC right; reverse +KWN RACIΛEVC O ∆OVK (or similar), Constantine X bust facing, bearded, wearing crown and loros, holding cross and akakia; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Berk, H. Eastern Roman Successors of the Sestertius. (Chicago, 1987).
Berk, H. Roman Gold Coins of the Medieval World, 383 - 1453 A.D. (Joliet, IL, 1986).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Grierson, P. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol III, Part 2: Basil I to Nicephorus III, 867-1081. (Washington D.C., 1973).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

Catalog current as of Monday, October 14, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Constantine X