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Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII, 11 May 912 - 9 November 959
Joint rule under Alexander (his uncle), 11 May 912 - 6 June 913 Under regent Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus, 6 June 913 - February 914 Under regent Zoe (his mother), February 914 - 919 Under regent Romanus I (his father-in-law), 919 - 17 December 920 Joint rule under Romanus I (his father-in-law), 17 December 920 - 20 May 921 Joint rule under Romanus I (his father-in-law), with Christopher (Romanus' son), 20 May 921 - 25 December 924 Joint rule under Romanus I (his father-in-law) and Christopher, with Stephen and Constantine (Romanus' sons), 25 December 924 - August 931 Joint rule under Romanus I (his father-in-law) with Stephen and Constantine (Romanus' sons), August 931 - 16 December 944 Joint rule with Stephen and Constantine (Romanus' sons), 16 December 944 - 27 January 945 Sole rule, 27 January 945 - 6 April 945 Joint rule as senior emperor with Romanus II (his son), 6 April 945 - 9 November 959
Constantine VII was a minor when his uncle, Alexander, died leaving him as sole emperor. Constantine's mother, Zoe, soon took control. However after Zoe failed to halt a growing Bulgarian threat, the regency passed to Romanus I Lecapenus, commander of the fleet, a much more able leader. Constantine was not allowed to take part in government and his regent Romanus I was made co-emperor in 920 A.D. Romanus I was deposed by his own sons who wanted the throne but instead Constantine VII took control. Finally, in 945 when he was 40 years old, he had real power. Later that year he made Romanus II, his son and grandson of Romanus I, his co-emperor. Romanus II outlived his father and ruled alone for only three years.
Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus II, 6 April 945 - 9 November 959 A.D.
A very popular type depicting Christ wearing a pallium, a very rich, rectangular hem length, jeweled court garment and a colobium, a sleeveless outer tunic.SH33730. Gold solidus, DOC IIIpart 2, 15; Wroth BMC 60, Morrisson BnF 37/Cp/AV/15; Ratto 1905; Berk Gold 278; SBCV 1751; Sommer 36.9, EF, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +Ihs XPS REX REGNANTIUM, bust of Christ facing wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, Gospels in left, three pellets in each limb of the cross; reverse COnSTAnT' CE ROMAN' AVGG BR, crowned facing busts of Constantine VII, in a loros on left, and his son Romanus II, in a chlamys, they hold a long patriarchal cross; sharp!; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Romanus II (Sole Reign?), 959 - 963 A.D.
The intentionally obliterated legend on the reverse is thought to indicate the sole reign of Romanus II. Perhaps the Byzantine mint received no instructions from the incompetent new regime and resorted to this stopgap expedient pending further directives.SH35841. Gold solidus, Füeg SNR 76, pl. IV, B4; cf. DOC III Constantine VII 15.22; Sommer 37.1, aEF, weight 4.346 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTIVM', bust of Christ facing with nimbus cruciger, tunic and himation, right raised in blessing, gospels in left; reverse CONSTANT CE ROMAN AUGG b R (partially obliterated), crowned facing busts of Constantine VII (left) in loros and Romanus in chlamys, holding long patriarchal cross between them; fabulous style, one of the nicest we have handled of the type; very rare; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Constantine VII and Romanus I Lecapenus, 17 December 920 - 16 December 944 A.D.
Romanus was a crafty commoner, who must have been an expert at manipulation and court politics. He raised himself to a position of power, and although he was largely responsible for the loss of a campaign to the Bulgars, it was he who profited from the political backlash. Romanus moved three of his sons into positions of power, at one point eclipsing the power of his co-emperor, Constantine VII. His own sons then attempted to overthrow him and in the ensuing chaos, Constantine VII seized his throne once and for all.BZ71740. Bronze follis, DOC III-2 25, Sommer 36.16, Morrisson BnF 31, Wroth BMC 14, Ratto 1886, SBCV 1760, VF, nice green patina, well centered, weight 6.238 g, maximum diameter 25.47 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 17 Dec 920 - 16 Dec 944 A.D.; obverse RWmAn' bASILEVS RWM' (or similar), Romanus I facing, bearded, wearing jeweled chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in left, transverse labarum in right; reverse RWMA/n' En ΘEW bA/SILEVS RW/mAIWn in four lines; SOLD
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