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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ QuintillusView Options:  |  |  | 

Quintillus, August or September - October or November 270 A.D.

Quintillus was born at Sirmium in Pannonia Inferior. Originating from a low-born family, he rose to prominence when his brother Claudius II Gothicus became emperor in 268. He may have been the Procurator of Sardinia during his brother's reign. He was acclaimed as emperor by his soldiers immediately following his brother's death, then confirmed by the Senate. However, the legions campaigning along the Danube were either unaware or disapproved of Quintillus' elevation. They instead elevated their general Aurelian as emperor. The few existing records disagree on the length of his reign, which is variously reported to have lasted as few as 17 days and as many as 177 days (about six months). Records also disagree on the cause of his death. Historia Augusta reports him murdered by his own soldiers in reaction to his strict military discipline. Jerome reports him killed, presumably in conflict with Aurelian. John of Antioch and Joannes Zonaras reported Quintillus to have committed suicide by opening his veins and bleeding himself to death. John reports the suicide to have been assisted by a physician. All records agree he died at Aquileia.


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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA73649. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1160, RIC V 29, Hunter IV 15, Cohen VI 61, Venèra I 10091 - 10115, Normanby 1171, SRCV 11450, VF, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Rome mint, end 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, baton in right hand over globe at feet on left, long scepter vertical behind in left, ς in right field; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


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"Mars the Pacifier" may be seen as ironic today, but the Romans knew that victory in war (hopefully including the total destruction of your enemy) is an effective way to achieve peace.
RL74565. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1190, RIC V 24, Normanby 1194, Cunetio 2351, SRCV III 11448, aF, weight 1.936 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Rome mint, 1st issue, end 270; obverse IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTI PACI (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars standing left, wearing military garb, olive branch raised in right hand, spear and shield in left hand, X in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Click for a larger photo
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA77909. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1160, RIC V 29, Hunter IV 15, Cohen VI 61, Venèra I 10091 - 10115, Normanby 1171, SRCV III 11450, aVF, green patina, edge split, scratches, weight 3.100 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, 6th officina, Rome mint, end 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR CL QVINTILLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, baton in right hand over globe at feet on left, long scepter vertical behind in left, ς in right field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $55.00 (€46.75)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPAVRCLQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCLQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCMAVRCLQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCMAVRCLQVINTILLVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCMAVRELQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCMCLQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRCLQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPQVINTILLVS
IMPQVINTILLVSAVG
IMPQVINTILLVSPFAVG
QVINTILLVSAVG


REFERENCES

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Bastien, P. & H. Huvelin. "Trésor d'antoniniani à la butte de Warlencourt" in RBN (1960), pp. 199-242.
Bland, R. "The Blackmoor Hoard" in CHRB III (1982).
Bland, R. ed. The Chalfont Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1992).
Bland, R. & A. Burnett. "Appleshaw, Hampshire" in Normanby Hoard, CHRB VIII (1988), pp. 91-107.
Besly, E. "The Aldbourne, Wilts., Hoard" in CHRB IV (1984), pp. 63-104.
Besly, E. "The Rogiet Hoard and the coinage of Allectus" in BNJ 76 (2006), pp. 45-146.
Besly, E. & R. Bland. "The Coleby, near Lincoln, hoard" in CHRB V (1984), pp. 22-60.
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Bland, R. "Kirkby, Nottinghamshire" in CHRB VIII (1988), pp. 108-113.
Bland, R., A. Cepas & M. Tosdevin. "Bowcombe, Isle of Wight" in CHRB X (1997), pp. 264-278.
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. (London, 1988).
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Carradice, I. "Maltby, South Yorkshire Treasure Trove (1978)" in CHRB II (1981), pp. 27-48.
Carradice, I. "The Market Deeping, Lincs, Hoard" in CHRB IV (1984), pp. 45-62.
Carradice, I. "The Monkton Farleigh, Wilts., Hoard" in CHRB V (1984), pp. 61-88.
Cheesman, C. "Botley, Hampshire" in CHRB X (1997), pp. 241-257.
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Dick, F. Der Schatzfund von Baldersdorf. (Klagenfurt, 1976).
Estiot, S. "Le double trésor de Colonne (Jura), terminus 298 AD" in TM XVII (1998), pp. 107-180.
Estiot, S. "Le trésor de Troussey (Meuse): 5864 antoniniens et nummi, 303 AD" in TM XVII (1998), pp. 181 - 303.
Estiot, S., M. Amandry & M. Bompaire. "Le Trésor de Sainte-Pallaye (Yonne): 8864 antoniniens de Valérien à Carin" in TM XIV (1993), pp. 39 - 124.
Giard, J. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume I: Gordiano III - Quintillo. (Verona, 1995).
Hollard, D. "La trouvaille des Authieux II: un trésor mixte contemporain de la réforme de Dioclétien" in TM XI (1989), pp. 79 - 112.
Mairat, J. "Chalgrove II (2003), Oxfordshire" in CHRB XII, Moneta 97 (Wetteren, 2009), pp. 113 - 148.
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Mazzini, I. Monete Imperiali Romane. (Milan, 1957-1958).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 - http://www.ric.mom.fr
Nesler, J., D. Hollard & M. Bompaire. "Le trésor de Ciron IV (Indre)" in TM XIX (2000), pp. 129-160.
Pflaum, H. & P. Bastien. La trouvaille de Çanakkale (Turquie), Deniers et antoniniens émis de 261 à 284, NR IV. (Wetteren, 1969).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Rudling, D. & P. Shilling. "A Hoard from Bath Area" in CHRB VI (1986), pp. 161-182.
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Quintillus