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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ Valerian IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D.

Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus (Valerian II) was the son of Gallienus and Salonina, Grandson of Valerian I and Mariniana, and was raised to the rank of Caesar upon his father's accession. He died two years later.


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The infant Jupiter was suckled by the goat Amaltheia on Mount Ida.
RA69007. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 907e, SRCV III 10731, RIC V 3 (Lugdunum), RSC IV 26, F, some mint luster, but struck with worn dies, weight 2.903 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, 1st emission, 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse VALERIANVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse IOVI CRESCENTI, child Jupiter riding right on goat, looking back, raising right hand; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RA73942. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 255k; RIC V 20; RSC IV 50; Hunter IV p. 30, 5; SRCV III 10733, gVF, unstruck areas, light cleaning scratches, weight 2.990 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 257 - 258 A.D.; obverse P C L VALERIANVS NOB CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), implements of the augurate and pontificate, from left to right: lituus (augur's wand), secespita (knife), patera (libation bowl), ewer (jug), simpulum (ladle) and aspergillum (sprinkler); scarce; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
 


Valerian II, Caesar, Early 256 - 258 A.D., Sillyum, Pamphylia

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Only the two examples found. Other references checked: SNG von Aulock -, SNG France -, SNG Righetti-, SNG Fitzwilliam -, SNG Anamur -, SNG Von Post -, SNG Hunterian -, SGICV -, and Lindgren -.
RP42052. Bronze 10 assaria, SNG Cop 451, SNG Keckman 695; BMC Lycia -, et al. -; cf. SNG Righetti 1320 (Gallienus and Salonina obverse), SNG Österreich 1960 (same), F, grainy, weight 18.245 g, maximum diameter 34.4 mm, die axis 45o, Sillyum mint, 268 A.D.; obverse ΠOY ΛIK KOP OYAΛEPIANON, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, eagle below, I before; reverse CIΛΛYEΩN, Zeus seated left, Nike right offering wreath in extended right hand, long scepter in left hand, right leg drawn back; extremely rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CPLVALERIANVSCAES
CORLICVALERIANVSCAES
CORVALERIANVSCAESAR
DIVOCAESVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARVALERIANO
DIVOCAESARIVALERIANO
DIVOVALERIANOCAES
LICVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSCAES
PCLVALERIANVSNC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBC
PCLVALERIANVSNOBCAES
PLICCORVALERIANVSCAES
PLICVALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSCAES
VALERIANVSNOBILCAES


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Volume 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 35: Die Münzprägung des Kaiser Valerianus I/Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) un Macrianus/Quietus (260/262). (Vienna, 2000).
Mattingly, H., Sydenham and Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume IV, Gordian III to Postumus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 21, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Valerian II