In April 248, Philip combined the celebration of Rome's 1000th with the . Festivities included spectacular games and theatrical presentations. In the Colosseum, more than 1,000 gladiators were killed along with hundreds of exotic including hippos, leopards, lions, giraffes, and one rhinoceros. At the same time, Philip elevated his son to the rank of co-Augustus. Undoubtedly the festivities included elephants, as advertised by this coin.RS77602. Silver , 5, 246A(a) (S) ( right), 5, -, -, VF, , porous, light scratches, 2.066 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from front; , walking left, ridden by mahout guiding it with rod and goad; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
The curule chair was for magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of a throne, it might be given as an to foreign kings recognized formally as a friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the , the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
RS84995. Silver , 230, 17, 23, 9265, EF, excellent portrait, and struck, light on mint luster, edge cracks, 4.274 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 180o, mint, 11th emission, 249 A.D.; IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; III, and seated left on curule chairs presiding at their third largesse, both laureate, togate, and extending right hand, on left and holding short in right hand; $180.00 (€160.20)
During Philip's reign, the 1000th of (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as of that celebration and the depicts one of the which was displayed during the games.
Traditionally the animal on this has been described as "goat" - hardly exotic enough for the event - but it might actually be the northern European elk (similar to an American moose). RS84960. Silver , 224, 72, 26, 9275, VF, and struck, light with some darker areas, light marks and scratches, 2.692 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, mint, 248 A.D.; IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; , elk walking left, III in ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Cyrrhus, Cyrrhestica,
Cyrrhus was founded by Seleucus Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, shortly after 300 B.C., and named for Cyrrhus in . It was taken by the Armenian Empire in the 1st century B.C., then became Roman when Pompey took in 64 B.C. By the 1st century A.D., it had become a Roman administrative, military, and commercial center on the trade route between Antioch and the Euphrates River crossing at Zeugma and minted its own coinage. It was the base of the Roman legion X Fretensis. The Sassanid Persian Empire took it several times during the 3rd century. In the 6th century, the city was embellished and fortified by Justinian. It was taken by the Muslims in 637, the in the 11th century, and Nur ad-Din Zangi recaptured it in 1150. Muslim travelers of the 13th and 14th century reported it as a large city and largely in ruins. Its ruins are located in northern , near the Turkish , about 70 km northwest of Aleppo and 24 km of Kilis, Turkey.RY84847. Bronze AE 29, 21c; p. 137, 34; 505; 673; 49 ( ); 4143, aVF, porous, a little off center, 15.867 g, maximum 28.8 mm, 0o, Cyrrhus mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOY IYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, laureate, and draped to right, from behind; ∆IOC - KA-TEB-ATOY, KYPHCTΩN, temple Zeus Kataibates, in which statue of the god is seated facing with thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand, at his feet on left, bull leaping right above temple; $110.00 (€97.90)
In 246, the first of the Two Councils of of the Roman Christian was held in , Petraea.RB73727. , 256a (S), 49, 14, 9249, F, 15.938 g, maximum 30.8 mm, 0o, mint, as , 244 - 246 A.D.; M IVL PHILIPPVS , bare-headed, draped, and right, from behind; PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in of the Prince of Youth), standing left, bare-headed, in military dress, globe in right hand, inverted spear behind in left, ( ) flanking across below center; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
During Philip's reign the 1000th of (248 A.D.) was celebrated, and magnificent games were held. This coin was issued as of that celebration and the depicts one of the which was displayed during the games. Traditionally this has been described as "goat" - hardly exotic enough for the event - but it might actually be the northern European elk (similar to an American moose).
RB79786. , 264a (S), 73, 34, 9283, aVF, light corrosion, squared , 14.300 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 0o, mint, 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; , elk walking left, S C ( ) in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Diocaesarea,
Diocaesarea, was known as until it was renamed during the reign of . According to a told by Strabo ( , 14.5.10), the temple of Zeus Olbius was founded by , one of the Greek heroes of the Trojan War. The city and its surrounding territory was a theocracy, ruled by the hereditary priests of the temple.RP57201. Bronze AE 29, 886, 678, 423, 27, -, gF, 14.238 g, maximum 29.0 mm, 180o, , Diocaesarea mint, as , 244 - 246 A.D.; M IOYΛIOC Φ[IΛIΠΠOYC K CE]B, bare-headed, draped, and right; A∆PIA ∆IOKAICAPEΩN MHT (MHT ), KENNATΩ , thunderbolt on throne of Zeus Olbios, lions on arms; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Antiocheia,
Pisidia's geographic and strategic position made it difficult to maintain peace. To strengthen control, colonized the with military veterans, who were attracted to the by the fertile soil. An important Roman colony, the city was, like , divided into seven quarters called "vici" on seven hills. The formal language was Latin until the end of the 3rd century A.D.RP78010. Bronze AE 27, I/3; 1273; p. 197, 119; 79; 4974, F, , porous, 10.254 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 180o, Antioch in (Yalvac, Turkey) mint, Jul/Aug 247 - Late 249 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS P F , , draped, and right, from behind; ANTIOCH COL, Pax advancing left, raising olive branch in right hand, in left hand, wearing long , S - R flanking across ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., , Coele-Syria
in Coele-Syria was made a with the rights of the by in 193. on the religious complex at lasted over a century and a half and was never completed. The Temple of , the largest religious building in the entire Roman Empire, was dedicated during the reign of . Today, only six Corinthian columns remain standing. Eight more were shipped to Constantinople under Justinian's orders c. 532 - 537, for his of Hagia Sophia.RP58618. Bronze AE 18, 628 ff. (D99/R229), 433, aVF, 5.927 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, (Baalbek, Lebanon) mint, 244 - 245 A.D.; bareheaded, draped, and right; COL / HEL in two lines between two legionary eagles, all within laurel ; ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Julius Philippus Severus, also known as Philippus II, and Philip the Younger was the son and heir of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab by his wife . When his father became emperor in 244 he was appointed . He was made consul for 247 A.D. and later that year he was elevated by his father to the rank of and co-ruler. His father was killed in battle by his successor in 249. When news of this death reached , he was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged eleven years.RS77746. Silver , 218d, 48, 8, 9240, VF, , nice portrait, grainy small encrustations, 3.460 g, maximum 23.8 mm, mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; M IVL PHILIPPVS , , draped, and right, from behind; (to the Prince of Youth), standing left, wearing military dress, globe in right hand, inverted spear in left hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex , ex Kirk ; $70.00 (€62.30)
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