, Attalos I 241 - 197 B.C., In the Name of Philetairos
Attalus, a capable general, champion of the Greeks, and loyal ally of Rome, made a powerful kingdom. He earned the name "Soter" (savior) by defeating the Galatians, who had plundered and exacted tribute for more than a generation. In the Macedonian Wars he allied with Rome against Philip V of Macedon.SH70868. Silver , Group VIB; BnF 1626; p. 117, 45; 7685, VF/F, excellent portrait, uneven , 16.753 g, maximum 30.5 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, 235 - 210 B.C.; Philetairos (founder of the Attalid dynasty) diademed right; enthroned left, crowning dynastic name ΦIΛETAIPOY to left, holding spear and resting left arm on , XAP inner left, bow on right; very with this ; $430.00 (€382.70)
, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D., Kyzikos,
Colossal foundations of the Temple of , sometimes ranked among the Seven Wonders of the World, are visible at Cyzicus. The columns were 21.35 meters high (about 70 feet), the highest known in the Roman Empire. Those at Baalbek in , the next highest, are only 19.35 meters (about 63 feet). Columns from both structures were recycled under Justinian I for the Hagia Sophia.RP76803. Bronze AE 26, cf. CNG e-auction 311 (25 Sep 2013), 873 (apparently otherwise unpublished), VF, nice portrait, green , about 1/5 off-center cutting of of , minor , 10.185 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 180o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 11 Apr 217 - 8 Jun 218 A.D.; AV K M OΠEΛ CEOYHP MAKPEINOC, laureate and right, seen from behind; KVZIKHNΩN NEOKO,PΩN (last three letters in ), octastyle Temple of at Cyzicus; apparently only the second known of this extremely ; $400.00 (€356.00)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $360.00 (€320.40)
, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Cyzicus, ; , , and
was the son of and , and the presumptive heir. was his older sister. was Claudius' daughter by an earlier wife.RP84050. Bronze AE 13, 2248, -, -, -, -, -, aF, of encrustation on Octavia's jaw, 1.918 g, maximum 13.0 mm, 315o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, before 43 A.D.; NEΩΣ ΓEPMANIKOΣ K Y, of right; AN OKTA, , draped busts of and ; very ; $340.00 (€302.60)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodes (or Lampsakos?) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $320.00 (€284.80)
Parion, , 400 - 300 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GS84183. Silver ON RESERVE
, 1319; 1357; 2530; p. 95, 14 - 16; 257 ff. var. (various control ), EF, mint luster, 2.427 g, maximum 13.8 mm, 0o, Parion mint, 400 - 300 B.C.; bull standing left, looking right, ΠA/PI in two lines above and below bull, no control symbol; (facing of ), surrounded by snakes; ex FORVM (2009), ex Numismatik ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, , c. 92 - 88 B.C.
The cista mystica was a basket used for housing sacred snakes in connection with the initiation ceremony into the cult of (Dionysus). In the Dionysian mysteries a snake, representing the god and possibly symbolic of his phallus, was carried in a cista mystica on a bed of vine leaves. The cista in the mysteries of may also have held a , perhaps associated with the missing phallus of .
The is the staff carried by and his associates; topped by a pine or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy.GS76187. Silver , 33; 108; 1737; 431; 7477; p. 125, 109, gVF, a little off center, uneven , , 12.680 g, maximum 27.8 mm, 0o, (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 92 - 88 B.C.; Cista mystica with half-open lid, from which a snake emerges, all within of ivy with berries; bow-case holding strung bow and ornamented with an , flanked on each side by a snake with erect, EY over Prytaneis above, to left, snake entwined to right; $225.00 (€200.25)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, by Leonnatos, Arrhidaios, or Antigonos I Monophthalmos, during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. Lampsakos also struck coins during this period in the name of Philip. Traditionally coins naming Alexander have been attributed to the Great, but undoubtedly the Alexander named on this coin was the infant son of Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.GS75271. Silver , Unpublished; 1521A var. (MH over , ΠP under throne different form), -, -, VF, nice , bumps and marks, 4.107 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 90o, , Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, over MH left, ΠP below throne; very ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, , 3rd - 1st Century B.C.
Unpublished in the references examined and the only example of the known to .
(Karabiga, Turkey today) is located on the Mysian coast, on a small east-facing bay at the mouth of the River, about a third of the distance from ancient to Cyzicus. Strabo mentions that the produced wine and that the god Priapus gave the town its ancient name. Thucydides mentions the town as a naval station. In 334 B.C., the town surrendered to Alexander the Great without contest, prior to the Battle of Granicus. Deities worshiped there included Demeter, , , and Dionysus. Under the Eastern Roman Empire, the town was known as Pegae and was the site of a fortress.GB83634. Bronze AE 13, cf. p. 177, 14 (AE20, full 2 lines, ); 2500 (same); 2410 (similar); -; -; -, VF, green , corrosion, 2.400 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 0o, (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd - 1st century B.C.; of Demeter right, veiled and wreathed with grain; ΠPIA within grain ; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., ,
was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was ("desire"). According to Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.), one of the most ancient of all Greek sources, was the fourth god to come into existence, coming after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Abyss or the Underworld). Parmenides (c. 400 B.C.), one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, makes the first of all the gods to come into existence. In early Greek poetry and art, was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, by the later satirical poets, he is represented as a child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance .
GB84659. Bronze AE 21, CNG e-auction 380, lot 417 (same dies); -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, F, , small , 6.202 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; L SEP SEV ALEXANDER (many letters blundered or retrograde), laureate and right, from the front; DEO CVPIDI-NI C G I H PAR (D and H blundered, god , Gemella Hadriana Pariana), standing slightly left, right, nude but for drapery over left arm, herm at feet on left; missing from the many references examined by , but several examples are known from auctions; extremely ; $180.00 (€160.20)
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