, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1620.00 (€1441.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.
SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1440.00 (€1281.60)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced XIV coin is similar, but from different dies, and the only other coin of this known to .SH84465. 1/24 , Unpublished in references; Classical Numismatic Group, XIV (4 Jan 2011), lot 309 ($1800 plus fees), VF, on a , edge cracks, 0.630 g, maximum 7.1 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; cock standing left; quadripartite square punch; extremely ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Darios I - Xerxes II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.
SH84767. Gold daric, IIIb A/B, 275, 4679, F, bumps and marks, die wear, 8.295 g, maximum 15.7 mm, c. 485 - 420 B.C.; kneeling-running figure of the Great right, bearded, wearing crown and , a quiver at his shoulder, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand; irregular approximately rectangular punch; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.,
Mithradates VI "the Great" expanded his Pontic Kingdom through conquest, which inevitably brought him into conflict with . He regarded himself as the champion of the Greeks against , however, after three years of war, he was defeated by . The design of this coin is taken from a coin of , bodyguard of Alexander the Great, and of , 323 - 281 B.C. The coin depicted Alexander the Great on the . The features of the portrait on this are those of Mithradates VI.
SH85133. Gold , De p. 141 (D1/R1), 1090 ( ), VF, die wear, 8.395 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 0o, Inferior, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, First Mithradatic War, 88 - 86 B.C.; diademed of Alexander the Great (with the features of Mithradates VI), wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, wearing crested helmet, in right hand, resting left arm on round behind, and V above knee, TO on throne, trident in ; ex CNG e-auction 92 (23 Jun 2004), lot 27; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $970.00 (€863.30)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Plain Globular
Mankind's first coin ! and important. This is an example of the very earliest form of coinage; a type-less (blank) globule, weighed to a specific , with a simple square punch mark on one side (two or three punch marks on larger denominations). Nine similar pieces were within the famous "Artemision Find" at in 1904.SH84751. 1/24th , 678, -, -, -, -, VF, bumps, marks, and scratches, struck with a damaged punch (one corner broken), 1.129 g, maximum 6.9 mm, uncertain mint, c. 650 - 600 B.C.; plain globular surface; punch: roughly square pyramid with sides striated from wear; ; $720.00 (€640.80)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
Unpublished in the references but known from auction listings, some of which fail to notice the two "eyes."SH84755. hemihekte, 1/12 Lydo-Milesian ; cf. CNG auction (9 Mar 2016), lot 156 (same dies); 9 ; -; I -; -, aVF, scratches, 1.136 g, maximum 7.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; plain with to pellets side-by-side on the edge (crude beetle?); irregular six-lobed pattern; very ; $700.00 (€623.00)
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