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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ Constantius GallusView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.

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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL88718. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC II 2044, Voetter 5, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VIII 12, F, well centered, uneven strike with parts of legends weak, scratches and marks, porous, weight 2.413 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, left center, CONSIA in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (12.32)

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On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
SH35068. Billon maiorina, Failmezger 461b2; RIC VIII -, SRCV V -, Uncirculated, weight 6.095 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield on ground at feet, III upper left, ASIRM in exergue; ex Glenn Woods; extremely rare; SOLD

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL04504. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 303, LRBC II 1189, SRCV V 18954, Cohen VIII 2, Choice EF, weight 5.40 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Constantius Gallus standing left, holding labarum (chi-rho standard) in each hand, III left, ASIS crescent in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; scarce; SOLD





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Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 19, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus