, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and was one of the embodiments of virtues that were of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RB76153. , 38dd, 248, 1293, 33, 10495, Nice gVF, excellent portrait, green , cutting off much , 10.962 g, maximum 25.3 mm, 0o, mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; IMP C GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and right; (valor of the two emperors), standing left, wearing crested helmet and military garb, right resting hand on grounded , inverted spear vertical behind in left, ( ) flanking across ; $560.00 (€498.40)
, June or July 251 - April or August 253 A.D.
This commemorates Trebonianus Gallus' decennalian vows, prayers and sacrifices he made to the gods that they might him successfully achieve his tenth of rule. In a religious context, , plural , is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).RB76162. , RIC 127a (R), 137 (10 fr.), 29, 38, 9683, VF, nice portrait, nice , on a , 17.910 g, maximum 28.0 mm, 180o, mint, special emission, August - October 251 A.D.; C VIBIVS TREBONIANVS GALLVS AVG, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; / DECENNA / LIBVS / S C in four lines within laurel tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; rarities; $540.00 (€480.60)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
was the goddess or personification of luck and success. She played an important role in Rome's state religion during the empire and was frequently portrayed on coins. She became a prominent symbol of the wealth and prosperity of the Roman Empire.RS75697. Silver , 75A (R); 130, 8945, -, EF, strike with dies, nice metal, 4.966 g, maximum 22.4 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 - 248 A.D.; IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, , draped, and right, from behind; IIII (high priest, tribune of the people for four years, consul, father of the country), standing left, long in right hand, in left hand; $350.00 (€311.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
On 11 February 244, Emperor was murdered by mutinous soldiers in Zaitha ( ). Philip the Arab ( Julius Philippus) declared himself emperor and made a disgraceful peace with the Empire, withdrawing from their territory and giving Shapur 500,000 gold pieces. The Sasanians occupied . Philip was recognized by the Roman Senate as Emperor and he nominated his son Philippus, age 6, as and heir to the throne. He gave his brother Priscus supreme power ( Orientis) in the Eastern provinces; and began construction of the city of Shahba, in the province of his birth.
RY85323. , 321 (1 spec.); 889 (v. ); p. 212, 505, EF, attractive portrait, attractive , parts of legends weak, areas of some , 13.256 g, maximum 27.3 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1st issue, 244 A.D.; AVTOK K M IOV Λ ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, , draped and left, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing slightly left on frond, wings open, left, in beak, S C ( ) in ; very ; $350.00 (€311.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., ,
Located near Lampsacus, belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of and then the Attalid dynasty. refounded it as a within the province of . After was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.RP70938. Bronze AE 21, 304; 1343; p. 108, 116, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged die, 4.774 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 180o, (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, IMP VALERIANVS , ,draped and right; Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, on back, C G I H P ( Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; $330.00 (€293.70)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Soli-Pompeiopolis,
Aratos was a native of . His chief pursuits were medicine, grammar, and philosophy. He studied with Menecrates in , Philitas in Cos and Praxiphanes in Athens. About 276 he was invited to the court of the II Gonatas, whose over the Gauls in 277 BC Aratus set to verse. There he wrote his most famous poem, Phaenomena ("Appearances"). He then spent some time at the court of Antiochus I but returned to where he died sometime before 240 B.C.SH58900. Bronze hexassarion,
BIG 32mm bronze; extremely ; $320.00 (€284.80) 1605 (same dies); , p. 247, 20; -; -; -; -; -; -, gF, 12.323 g, maximum 32.4 mm, 180o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, 245 - 246 A.D.; AYT K IOY ΦIΛIΠΠOC EY CEB, , draped, and right, Π − Π across ; ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛ IAT (year 311) ς (6 assaria), bare-headed, draped of Aratos right; ex Ancient Numismatic Enterprise, with an old round coin ticket probably from 1960's or 1970's,
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
In 248, overwhelmed by the number of invasions and usurpers, Philip offered to resign. The Senate decided to support the Emperor, with Gaius Messius Quintus most vocal of all the senators. Philip was so impressed that he dispatched with a special command of the Pannonian and Moesian provinces. His loyal supporter, , was, however, proclaimed Emperor by the Danubian armies in the spring of 249 and defeated and killed Philip in September.SH60141. Silver , 907a, 357, 2027, -, EF, 10.949 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 247 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CEB, and left, Gorgon's on ; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC YΠATO Γ (tribune of the people, consul for the 3rd time), standing right, right, wings open, in beak, ANTIOXIA over S C ( ) in ; $250.00 (€222.50)
the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria,
stands for . According to H. R. this initial issue of coins was minted in . Indeed the portrait is unmistakably that of the mint of , and even if the coins were actually minted in Antioch, the dies were surely by the mint.SH60149. , 899, 304, 507, EF, 13.825 g, maximum 27.6 mm, 0o, or Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 244 or 246 A.D.; AYTOK K M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOY CEB, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; ∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (tribune of the people), standing facing on ground line, wings open, and tail left, in beak, ( ) below wings, in ; double strike evident in , minor , small encrustations, very , handsome portrait and ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . Cities in and sometimes formed alliances with other cities. The competition for prestige and rivalry between cities in the East was intense. Alliances could enhance a city’s status by aligning either with many cities or with particularly important ones. was of civic "foreign policy" and might have involved the exchange of delegates and joint celebrations and sacrifices. At least 87 cities issued coins celebrating their alliances.RP77249. Bronze AE 33, 1957 (same dies); cf. , VII, 736 (Vs. A/Rs. -, unlisted die); p. 264, 188; 1189, aVF, large edge split, potentially active corrosion, 17.950 g, maximum 33.1 mm, 190o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Oct 253 - c. Jun 260 A.D.; A K Π Λ OVAΛEPIANOC, laureate, draped, and right, wearing ; ΠOΛEITΩ-N K EΦECIΩN, standing right, on , holding transverse ; to right, Ephesia facing, with two supports, flanked by a stag on each side, NE/OK/O in three lines in center , OMONOIA in ; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, Augusta, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., , in with
This coin commemorates the ( ) between and . The wreaths refer to the games sponsored by each of the two cities, the ΠYΘIA games held by , and the XPVCANΘINA games held by Sardes.RP77256. Bronze AE 25, , V, 838 (Vs. A/Rs. 11); cf. 976; p. 260, 175, F, 7.301 g, maximum 25.0 mm, 180o, (near Pamukkale, Turkey) mint, Feb 244 - End Sep 249 A.D.; M ΩT CEVHPA, draped right, wearing , hair in horizontal ridges, plait up the back of ; ΠOΛEITΩN K CAP∆,IANΩN NEΩ/KOPΩN (ending in two lines in ), two wreaths side by side with inscriptions within, left XPV/CAN, right ΠVΘ/IA, OMONOI/A in the above; very ; $250.00 (€222.50)
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