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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Year of 5 Emperors| ▸ |Pertinax||View Options:  |  |  |   

Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

Publius Helvius Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. Pertinax immediately began a campaign of reform, which made him quite unpopular. After 86 days in office, a group of mutinous Praetorians broke into the palace and murdered Pertinax.


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Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.
SH08958. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 24, Cohen 58, VF, weight 25.04 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 31 Dec 192 - 28 Mar 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTINAX AVG, laureate head right; reverse VOTA DECEN TR P COS II S C, Pertinax, veiled, standing left, sacrificing out of patera over tripod; ex John Aiello; ex Edgar L. Owen; ex NFA Feb 27 - 28, 1979, lot 745; very rare (R2); SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.
RB87801. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 14 (R2), BMCRE V 37, Cohen IV 5, SRCV II 6049, Hunter III -, VF/F, choice obverse with fantastic portrait, reverse crowded, slightly off center and a little weak, some areas of light porosity, some light deposits, weight 25.007 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTINAX AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking low across field; very rare (R2); SOLD


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In Roman mythology, Aequitas, also known as Aecetia, was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity.
SH27768. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1a, BMCRE V 15, RSC III 2, SRCV II 6038, VF, toned, weight 3.195 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse AEQVIT AVG TR P COS II, Aequitas standing facing, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; very rare (R2); SOLD


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SH32804. Silver denarius, RIC IV 8a, RSC III 33, BMCRE V 19, EF, weight 2.942 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; excellent portrait of unusual style; very rare (R2); SOLD


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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
SH33732. Silver denarius, RIC IV 11a, BMCRE V 13, RSC III 43, SRCV II 6046, gVF, weight 3.437 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVID DEOR COS II (to the foresight of the gods, consul for the second time), Providentia standing left raising her right hand toward a star, left hand on breast; attractive portrait; rare (R2); SOLD


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SH57101. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13a, BMCRE V 24, RSC III 56, aVF, toned, weight 2.800 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse VOT DECEN TR P COS II, Pertinax standing left, veiled, sacrificing over lit altar from a patera in right; very rare (R2); SOLD


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Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand.
SH33941. Silver denarius, RIC IV 4a, BMCRE V 8, RSC III 20, SRCV II 6041, Choice aVF, toned, weight 3.396 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse LAETITIA TEMPOR COS II, Laetitia standing half left, wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; well centered; very rare (R2); SOLD


Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.

Ops, more properly Opis, (Latin: "Plenty") was a fertility deity and earth-goddess in Roman mythology of Sabine origin.
SH85565. Silver denarius, RIC IV 8a (R2); RSC III 33; BMCRE V p. 4, 19; Hunter III 6; SRCV II 6045, VF, excellent portrait, tight flan, light marks, corrosion, edge cracks, weight 3.100 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops (plenty) seated left on throne with ornamented back, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.

Ops, more properly Opis, (Latin: "Plenty") was a fertility deity and earth-goddess in Roman mythology of Sabine origin.
SH75306. Silver denarius, RIC IV 8a (R2); RSC III 33; BMCRE V p. 4, 19; Hunter III 6; SRCV II 6045, F, excellent portrait, weak legends, weight 2.686 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; rare; SOLD


Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D., Tomis, Moesia Inferior

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This puzzling reverse, perhaps either a procession or a mythological scene, remains unexplained.
SH46863. Bronze tetrassaria, Varbanov I 4791, AMNG I/II 2732, Moushmov 1869, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, weight 10.633 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tomis (Constanta, Romania) mint, 193 A.D.; obverse AYT K Π EΛB ΠEPTINAZ, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse MHTPOΠ ΠONTOY TOMEΩC, uncertain male (the emperor?) in a cart pulled left by an ox, led by woman with a plectrum in right and a lyre in left, ∆ (mark of value)above; extremely rare; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVVSPERTINPIVSPATER
DIVVSPERTPIVSPATER
IMPCAESPHELVPERTINAVG
IMPCAESPHELVPERTINAXAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Woodward, A. "The Coinage of Pertinax" in NC (1957), pp. 84 - 96, pls. IX - IVX.


Catalog current as of Thursday, December 5, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Pertinax