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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Adoptive Emperors| ▸ |Crispina||View Options:  |  |  | 

Crispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.

Crispina was married to emperor Commodus in 177A.D., in an effort to foster some virtue in the young Caesar. Unfortunately, Crispina was a vain and haughty, if beautiful, and did little to improve Commodus' character. She was implicated in a plot to kill Commodus in 182. She was exiled to Capri with Lucilla and murdered soon after.


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Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
RB92470. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 672a (S), BMCRE IV 422, Hunter II 39, Cohen III 33, SRCV II 6010, aVF, well centered, rough corrosion, weight 24.720 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair knotted in a coiled bun in back; reverse SALVS, Salus seated left, from patera in right hand feeding snake coiled around column altar at feet on left, left forearm on back of chair, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $100.00 (88.00)


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Juno Lucina was the Goddess of Light and of childbirth. In her honor, on 1st of March the Roman matrons celebrated the festival Matronalia and it was customary for their husbands or lovers to present gifts.
RB92471. Copper as, RIC III 680, Cohen III 24, BMCRE IV 433, Szaivert MIR 18 33, Hunter II 27, SRCV II 6018, F, nice portrait, a little rough, weight 12.931 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse IVNO LVCINA, Juno standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $50.00 (44.00)


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This type invokes the Gods of Childbirth, however, there is no record of the offspring from Commodus and Crispina.
RS06925. Silver denarius, RIC III 281 (R), RSC II 15, Hunter II 3, BMCRE IV 31, SRCV II 5999 var. (AVGVSTA), EF, weight 3.31 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 320o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVG, draped bust right; reverse DIS GENITALIBVS, square altar or altar enclosure; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CRISPINAAVG
CRISPINAAVGIMPCOMMODIAVG
CRISPINAAVGVSTA


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, September 21, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Crispina