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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ CrispinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Crispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.

Crispina was married to emperor Commodus in 177A.D., in an effort to foster some virtue in the young Caesar. Unfortunately, Crispina was a vain and haughty, if beautiful, and did little to improve Commodus' character. She was implicated in a plot to kill Commodus in 182. She was exiled to Capri with Lucilla and murdered soon after.


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS79831. Silver denarius, RIC III 279; RSC II 9; BMCRE IV p. 693, 29; Hunter II 7; SRCV II 5997, Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, edge cracks, weight 3.085 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair waved, pulled back and knotted in coil low on back of head; reverse CONCORDIA (harmony), clasped hands; $190.00 (169.10)


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Juno Lucina was the Goddess of light and of childbirth. In her honor, on 1st of March the Roman matrons celebrated the festival Matronalia and it was customary for their husbands or lovers to present gifts. Women about to give birth, particularly in labor, would address their prayers to her: Juno Lucina, fer opem, serva me, obsecro (Juno the goddess, Lucina, come to our aid, save me, I beseech thee).
RB77892. Copper as, RIC III 680, Cohen III 24, BMCRE IV 433, SRCV II 6018, F, centered, nice dark patina, scratches, weight 10.542 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse IVNO LVCINA (Juno goddess of childbirth), Juno standing left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, S - C flanking across lower half of field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Kirk Davis; $100.00 (89.00)


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This type invokes the Gods of Childbirth, however, there is no record of the offspring from Commodus and Crispina.
RS06925. Silver denarius, RIC III 281 (R), RSC II 15, Hunter II 3, BMCRE IV 31, SRCV II 5999 var. (AVGVSTA), EF, weight 3.31 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 320o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVG, draped bust right; reverse DIS GENITALIBVS, square altar or altar enclosure; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CRISPINAAVG
CRISPINAAVGIMPCOMMODIAVG
CRISPINAAVGVSTA


REFERENCES

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. III: Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, July 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Crispina