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Caligula, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D.
Caius Caesar was born in 12 A.D., the son of Germanicus and Agrippina Sr. He was nicknamed Caligula, meaning "little boots," by the legions because as a child his mother dressed him in military uniforms (including little boots). Initially, he was very popular, succeeding Tiberius in 37 A.D. and for a few brief months ruling very well. However, an unknown disease drove him mad and his reign soon degenerated into debauchery and murder. He was murdered by the Praetorian Guard in 41 A.D.
|Thiswas issued by for his two deceased brothers, and . was Tiberius' oldest adoptive grandson and was the emperor's most obvious successor until 29 A.D. when he was accused of treason along with his mother, the Elder. He was exiled to the island of Ponza where he was either induced to commit suicide or starved to death before October 31. In 30, his brother was also accused of treason and exiled and imprisoned. He starved to death in prison in 33, reduced to chewing the stuffing of his bed. In Suetonius', The Lives of , IX we learn that ordered his uncle and co-consul to commission of his deceased elder brothers. The appear on , immortalized in a pose recognizable as the . The marble statue in the photo right was found in or near during the fifteenth century, and is now in the British Museum. The pose differs from the image on the coins but restorations include the youth’s arms and three of the horse’s legs. Is it one of the two commissioned by ? Click the photo to see additional photos and information.|