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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia| ▸ |Other Mysia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Mysia (Other Cities and Uncertain Mints)

Mysia is the northwestern region of Anatolia (Asia Minor) located on the shore of the Propontis (Marmara Sea) between Troas and Bithynia. The chief physical features of Mysia are the two mountains, Mount Olympus at (7600 ft) in the north and Mount Temnus in the south. The most important cities were Pergamon in the valley of the Caïcus, and Cyzicus on the Propontis. The whole sea-coast was studded with Greek towns, several of which were places of considerable importance; thus the northern portion included Parium, Lampsacus and Abydos, and the southern Assos, Adramyttium. Further south, on the Eleatic Gulf, were Elaea, Myrina and Cyme.

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Adramytion, Mysia

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Manius Aquillius, governor of the province of Asia from 129 to 126 B.C., rebuilt the road that connected Adramyttium and Smyrna. During the First Mithridatic War, the strategos Diodorus had the the city council killed and gave control to Mithridates VI, King of Pontus. In 88 B.C., Mithridates ordered the execution of all Roman settlers. At Adramyttium, the Romans were driven into the sea and slaughtered. At the end of the war, Xenocles of Adramyttium, was sent to Rome to defend the actions of the city. Adramyttium, was deprived of its autonomy, and was henceforth obligated to pay regular taxes to Rome. According to the Acts of the Apostles, whilst en route to Rome, St. Paul departed Caesarea Maritima on a ship from the city of Adramyttium which took him to Myra in Lycia.
SH86520. Bronze AE 20, RPC I Supp. S2332A, Stauber 163, SNG BnF -, BMC Mysia -, VF, green patina, weight 6.886 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 15o, Adramytion (Edremit, Turkey) mint, obverse SEBASTOS (upward behind), laureate and draped bust of Augustus left; reverse laureate head of Zeus left; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins, ex Moneta Numismatic Services; extremely rare, this coin on described as the finest of only two known specimens; SOLD

Eastern Anatolia (Uncertain City), Mid 3rd Century B.C., Restoration of Lysimachos', Portrait of Alexander the Great

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The mint is uncertain. The MYP monogram in the exergue might indicate Myrina, Aeolis, but probably not as most monograms on Lysimachos type tetradrachms do not indicate the mint city.
SH90220. Silver tetradrachm, Not in the many references examined and no other examples known to Forum; Thompson -, Müller -, Marinescu -, SNG Cop -, SNG Berry -, et al. -, gVF, porosity, light scratches, weight 16.994 g, maximum diameter 33.2 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, mid-3rd century B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena Nikephoros enthroned left, Nike crowning name in right, left arm resting on shield at side behind, transverse spear against right side, Φ inner left, MYP monogram in exergue; ex CNG auction 324, lot 29; possibly unique; SOLD

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Apollonia ad Rhyndacum, Mysia

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RP81674. Bronze AE 33, AMNG IV 277 and Taf. V, 8; cf. BMC Mysia p. 12, 25 (Julia Domna); SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SGICV -; Lindgren -, Choice aVF, weight 11.311 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 180o, Apollonia ad Rhyndacum mint, obverse AY KAI Λ CEΠT - CEOYHΠOC Π, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AΠOΛΛΩNIATΩN, Demeter walking left, wearing long chiton and peplos flying behind, a torch in each hand; very rare; SOLD

Hadrianothera, Mysia, c. 130 - 161 A.D.

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Hadrianothera was founded by Hadrian to commemorate his successful hunting expedition in the area.
RP77196. Bronze AE 19, SNG BnF 1084 (same dies); SNGvA 1145 - 1146; BMC Mysia, p. 75, 1; SNG Cop -, Choice VF, some scratches and bumps, areas of porosity, weight 4.377 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Hadrianothera mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 130 - 161 A.D.; obverse IEPA CYNKΛHTOCC, draped bust of the senate right; reverse A∆PIANOΘHPITΩN, Asklepios standing facing, head left, himation around waist and legs and over left shoulder, leaning on snake entwined staff in right hand; very rare; SOLD

Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Poemanenum, Mysia

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Poemanenum is best known as the site for the Battle of Poimanenon fought in early 1224 (or possibly late 1223) between the forces of two of the main successor states of the Byzantine Empire, the Latin Empire and the Byzantine Greek Empire of Nicaea. John III Ducas Vatatzes' victory opened up the way for the Greek recovery of most of the Latin possessions in Asia.
RB90540. Bronze AE 17, RPC I 2252 (one specimen); SNG BnF -, BMC Mysia -, aVF, green patina, scratches, weight 4.145 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 45o, Poemanenum mint, obverse CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ΠOIMANHNWN, Livia (as Pax) seated right, long scepter vertical behind in right, olive-branch in left; extremely rare; SOLD

Priapus, Mysia, 3rd Century B.C.

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Palinurus Elephas is a spiny lobster, which is commonly caught in the Mediterranean Sea. Its common names include European spiny lobster, crayfish or cray (in Ireland), common spiny lobster, Mediterranean lobster and red lobster. Claws are much smaller than those of the American lobsters.
SH57747. Brass AE 19, BMC Mysia p. 176, 3 - 5 var. (symbol); cf. SNG Cop 548, SNGvA 1435, SNG Tüb 2499, SNG BnF 2401 - 2402 (all symbol obscure or of flan), VF, some roughness, weight 3.591 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Priapus (Karabiga, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠPIAΠHNΩN, lobster or crayfish right, cicada below; rare; SOLD

Persian Empire, Satraps of Mysia, Orontas, c. 357 - 352 B.C.

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GS37271. Silver diobol, SNG Kayhan 71 var. (tetrobol, Pegasos right); SNG BnF (Lampsakos, Pegasos right) 1210; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 1.324 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse helmeted head of Athena right; reverse [OPONTA], forepart of Pegasos left; rare; SOLD

Eleutheria, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.

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GB49955. Bronze AE 12, SNG Cop -; BMC Mysia -; SNGvA -; cf. Imhoof-Blumer KM p. 19, 1, pl. 1, 15, aVF, weight 1.287 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 45o, Eleutheria mint, c. 4th century B.C.; obverse head of Athena facing slightly right, wearing helmet with five crests and necklace; reverse EΛEY, lion walking right, head turned left; very rare; SOLD

Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III or Kassander, c. 323 - 310 B.C.

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Herakles is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the Nemean lion over his head. The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by his cousin King Eurystheus, was to slay the Nemean lion and bring back its skin. Herakles discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. Herakles stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight, the lion bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the lion, he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt but failed. Wise Athena, noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.
GB81398. Bronze unit, Price 2800, SNG Cop 1113, SNG München 919, SNG Saroglos 857, Müller Alexander -, EF, weight 5.635 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain western Asia Minor mint, 323 - 310 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ, torch, bow, bow in bowcase, A in lower right field; SOLD

Pitane, Mysia, c. 4th Century B.C.

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Pitane (modern Candarli, Turkey) was in the Delian League in the 5th century B.C. When the Athenian empire collapsed at the end of the 5th century B.C., Persia took control of Mysia, but allowed the cities considerable autonomy. In 335 B.C., Alexander's general Parmenion laid siege to the city, but the Persian general Memnon of Rhodes saved it. Pitane maintained its independence as a free city throughout the Hellenistic period. In the mid-second century B.C., Pergamon arbitrated a dispute between Pitane and Mytilene on nearby Lesbos over territory Pitane had purchased from the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. In 84 B.C. Mithridates VI while evading the Roman general Gaius Flavius Fimbria fled to Pitane, where he was besieged by Fimbria before escaping to Mytilene by sea.
GB71549. Bronze AE 17, BMC Mysia p. 171, 5 - 6; SNG Cop 530 - 531; SNG BnF 2346 - 2348; SGCV II 3979, VF, weight 4.053 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pitane mint, c. 4th century B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right; reverse pentagram, pellet in center, Π−I−T−A around; SOLD


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ANS Collections Database -
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 2. The Alpha Bank Collection. Macedonia I: Alexander I - Perseus. (Athens, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
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Troxell, H. "Orontes, satrap of Mysia?" in SNR 60 (1981).
von Fritze, H. Die antiken Münzen Mysiens, Die antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. IV. (Berlin, 1913).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Mysia. (London, 1892).

Catalog current as of Thursday, December 5, 2019.
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