Messana, , c. 330 - 325 B.C.
Founded in the 8th century B.C., until the 5th century Messina was called Zancle, meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its harbor. sacked the city in 397 B.C. and then Dionysius I of conquered it. In 288 B.C. the Mamertine mercenaries seized the city by treachery, killing all the men and taking the women as their wives. The city became a base from which they ravaged the countryside, leading to conflict with . Initially assisted the . When attacked a second time, the asked Rome for . Rome was initially reluctant, but allied with the to limit Carthaginian power.In 264 B.C., Roman troops were deployed to , the first time a Roman army acted outside the Italian Peninsula. At the end of the First Punic War, Messana was a free city allied with Rome.SH77506. Bronze tetras, 840 (R1); 751 ff.; I p. 52, 16; 421; 674; -; -, Nice VF, classical , nice green , 3.603 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Messana (Messina, , Italy) mint, c. 330 - 325 B.C.; ΠOΣEI∆AN, laureate of Poseidon left, ∆ (mark of value) behind; M−E−Σ−Σ−A−NI−ON, ornate trident , flanked on each side by a with down; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Messana, , 411 - 408 B.C.
Founded by Greek in the 8th century BC, Messina was originally called Zancle, from the Greek meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbor (though a attributes the name to Zanclus). In the early 5th century BC, Anaxilas of Rhegium renamed it Messene in of the Greek city Messene.GB66780. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 51, 9mv4/1; p. 107, 71; cf. 390 (controls obscure), VF, 4.673 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, Messana mint, 411 - 408 B.C.; ΠEΛΩPIAΣ, of nymph Peloria left, hair in and , behind neck; MEΣΣANIΩN, trident, A P between prongs, scallop shell left, hare downward on right; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
The , , c. 200 - 35 B.C.
or "children of ," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of , after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia BritannicaGB70788. Bronze tetras, I p. 111, 46 Ds 1 - RS 2; 455 - 4555 var. ( vice tripod); 468 var. (same), VF, pale green , edge chips, 3.640 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 90o, Messana mint, c. 200 - 35 B.C.; laureate of right; tripod (control symbol) behind; MAMEPTINΩN, standing left, extended in right, in left, III (mark of value) in lower left ; ex CNG auction 219 (30 Sep 2009), lot 187; ex D. Alighieri Collection; $100.00 (€89.00)
The , , 220 - 200 B.C.
or "Children of Mars" were a band of Campanian (or Samnite) mercenaries who, about 289 B.C., seized Messana at the north-east corner of , after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it. The held Messana for over 20 years, converting it from a town of farmers and traders to a raiding base for pirates on land and sea. In 265 B.C., after Hiero of had defeated them and besieged Messana, the appealed to for aid. Soon after they appealed to Rome to rid them of the Carthaginians. The then disappear from history, except even centuries later the inhabitants of Messana were called . "Mamertine wine" from the vineyards of north-eastern tip of was the favorite of and he made it popular after serving it at a feast to celebrate his third consulship.GI75670. Bronze pentachalkia, p, 104, 27; 432; 707; 450; p. 112, 37; 851 (R1), aF, 10.899 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 180o, Messana (Messina, , Italy) mint, 220 - 200 B.C.; laureate of right, long hair, behind; MAMEPTINΩN, warrior standing facing, nude but for over shoulders and left arm, sword in sheath with strap in right, inverted spear vertical in left, grounded leaning against spear, Π (mark of value) right; ; $70.00 (€62.30)
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