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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Provincial ▸ Roman Judea and PalestinaView Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Judea and Palestina

Judaea, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.

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In 134, the Romans captured Jerusalem. Simon bar Kokhba was killed in 135, at Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed Colonia Aelia Capitolina. Legio VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An altar to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although, resistance continued in Galilee, the Jewish diaspora began as Emperor Hadrian barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD84994. Bronze AE 26, Mildenberg 77; SNG ANS 530; BMC Palestine p. 307, 38; Hendin 1408a; Meshorer TJC 259b, F, uneven strike, small edge crack, porous, weight 7.954 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, year 2 (133 - 134 A.D.); obverse seven branched palm tree with two bunches of dates, Paleo-Hebrew inscription: "Shimon" flanking trunk; reverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: "Year 2 of the freedom of Israel", five-lobed vine-leaf, hanging from tendril; $250.00 (222.50)


Julia Maesa, Augusta 8 June 218 - 224 or 225 A.D., Neapolis, Samaria

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Neapolis, Samaria, the biblical Shechemis, is now Nablus, Israel. It is the site of Joseph's Tomb and Jacob's well. Jesus spoke here to a Samaritan woman. The city was refounded as Flavia Neopolis after the suppression of the Jewish Revolt. Nablus is home to about half the remaining worldwide Samaritan population of 600.
JD72682. Bronze AE 20, Sofaer pl. 53,122; Rosenberger 59; BMC Samaria p. 62, 111; Lindgren III 1510, gVF, nice green patina with earthen highlighting, typical tight flan, weight 7.492 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Neapolis mint, obverse IOYΛIA MAICA CEB, draped bust right wearing stephane; reverse ΦΛ NEAC-ΠOΛE CVP, Tyche standing facing, head left, holding rudder by tiller in right, cornucopia in left; rare; $200.00 (178.00)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. Scholars disagree on the date of this type. If the "S" is actually a retrograde (backward) "Z," the date is year 17 or 30 A.D. If the "S" is actually the Greek letter stigma, the date is year 16 or 29 A.D.
JD69882. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342a, Meshorer TJC 333b, RPC I 4968 var. (LIZ), SGICV 5623 var. (LIZ), gF, attractive patina, weight 1.912 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 or 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIς (year 16) or LIZ (Z retrograde, year 17) within wreath; $155.00 (137.95)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72785. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, VF, green patina with highlighting earthen fill, off center, weight 2.279 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $120.00 (106.80)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72789. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, highlighting earthen fill, well centered on a tight flan, corrosion, weight 1.794 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $110.00 (97.90)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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LH (blundered LIH) date variety.
JD72765. Bronze prutah, Menorah Coin Project PIL-03 (Oa/R2), Hendin 1343b, Meshorer TJC 334d, RPC I 4969 var. (LIH), SGICV 5624 var. (LIH), Fair/Fine, green patina, earthen deposits, weight 2.277 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand) with a large crook; reverse LH (year 18) within wreath; rare date variety; $100.00 (89.00)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

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Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72771. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, green patina, tight irregular flan, reverse off center, weight 2.645 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $100.00 (89.00)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72775. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, light corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 1.416 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $100.00 (89.00)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72777. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, green patina, weight 2.659 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $100.00 (89.00)


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72790. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342, Meshorer TJC 333, RPC I 4968, SGICV 5623, F, green patina, weight 2.180 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 30 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse LIZ (year 17) within wreath; $100.00 (89.00) ON RESERVE




  



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REFERENCES

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Meshorer, Y. "The Coins of Caesarea Paneas" in INJ 8 (1984-5).
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Mildenberg, L. "Yehud: A Preliminary Study of the Provincial Coinage of Judaea" in Essays Thompson. (Wetteren, 1979).
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Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. I: City-Coins of Palestine: Aelia Kapitolina, Akko, Anthedon Antipatirs and Ascalon. (Jerusalm, 1972).
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Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. III: City-Coins of Palestine: Hipos-Sussita, Neapolis, Nicopolis, Nysa-Scytopolis, Caesarea-Panias, Pelusium, Raphia, Sabaste, Sepphoris-Diocaesarea, Tiberias. (Jerusalem, 1977).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 20, 2017.
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Roman Judea and Palestina