Iol-Caesarea, , , c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.
Phoenicians from founded Iol as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a of the kingdom of under , c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor made the Numidian and his wife II (daughter of Marc Antony and of ) and queen of . The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in of the emperor.
GB85358. Bronze 1/4 Unit, MAA 147; III, p. 177, 290 (uncertain mint); 684 var. ( left), F, dark green , , light corrosion, 2.102 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 270o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; of left, wearing vulture crown and horned solar-disk headdress; three ears of barley; extremely ; $180.00 (Ä160.20)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI , 180 - 145 B.C., I Thea as Regent
Ptolemy VI became in 180 B.C. at the age of about 6 and ruled jointly with his mother, I, until her death in 176 BC. From 170 to 164 B.C., was ruled by Ptolemy, his sister-queen and his younger brother Ptolemy Physcon. In 170 BC, the Seleukid Antiochus IV invaded and was even crowned in 168, but abandoned his claim on the orders from . In 164 Ptolemy VI was driven out by his brother. He went to and received support from Cato. He was the following year. In 152 BC, he briefly ruled jointly with his son, Ptolemy , but his son probably died that same year. In 145 B.C. he died of battle wounds received against Alexander Balas of . Ptolemy VI ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions.
GP84840. Bronze tetrobol, 1384 ( ); 287; 202 (176 - 170 B.C.); 80; p. 89, 6; 147; 319, VF, flaws, die wear, , 15.335 g, maximum 27.5 mm, 0o, mint, 180 - 176 B.C.; of ( I as) right, wearing grain ; ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, left, ΠA left; $125.00 (Ä111.25)
Kingdom of , Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.
was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller of Tunisia, in . It was bordered by the kingdoms of (modern-day Morocco) to the , the Roman province of (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the , and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, . had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. declared war after killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to to corruption charges. was also forced to come to to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to . The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius returned to to seek election as Consul. was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Cornelius to neighboring to eliminate their support for . With the of I of , captured . In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of in Marius' Triumph, was executed.SL84534. Bronze AE 27, MAA 18a; III 50; III p. 18, 32; 505 ff.; 6597, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3854272-006), 16.02 g, maximum 27 mm, 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; laureate of left, pointed beard, dot ; horse galloping left, pellet below, linear ; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $120.00 (Ä106.80)
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