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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Greek Imperial ▸ North AfricaView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from North Africa

Iol-Caesarea, Mauretania, North Africa, c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.

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Phoenicians from Carthage founded Iol as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a part of the kingdom of Numidia under Jugurtha, c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor Augustus made the Numidian King Juba II and his wife Cleopatra Selene II (daughter of Marc Antony and Cleopatra of Egypt) king and queen of Mauretania. The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in honor of the emperor.
GB85358. Bronze 1/4 Unit, Alexandropoulos MAA 147; Falbe-Lindberg III, p. 177, 290 (uncertain mint); SNG Cop 684 var. (kerykeion obv. left), F, dark green patina, tight flan, light corrosion, weight 2.102 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 270o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, c. 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; obverse head of Isis left, wearing vulture crown and horned solar-disk headdress; reverse three ears of barley; extremely rare; $180.00 (160.20)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Cyrene, Cyrenaica

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RPC Online, volume IV, the latest reference, identifies the mint for this type as Cyrene, a correction from Caesarea, Cappadocia.
RP85472. Bronze provincial sestertius, RPC Online IV temp 6846; Sydenham Caesarea 339 (Caesarea); BMC Galatia p. 68, 183 (Caesarea); SNG Cop 245 var. (drapery, Caesarea), aF, well centered, dark patina, scratches, earthen encrustations, weight 20.661 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cyrene mint, 170 - 171 A.D.; obverse AVTOK KAIC M AYPHA - ANWNEINOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse ∆HMAPXIK - EZOYC K∆ (tribunicia potestate 24), bearded and horned head of Zeus Ammon right; very rare; $145.00 (129.05)


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VI Philometor, 180 - 145 B.C., Cleopatra I Thea as Regent

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Ptolemy VI became king in 180 B.C. at the age of about 6 and ruled jointly with his mother, Cleopatra I, until her death in 176 BC. From 170 to 164 B.C., Egypt was ruled by Ptolemy, his sister-queen and his younger brother Ptolemy VIII Physcon. In 170 BC, the Seleukid King Antiochus IV invaded and was even crowned king in 168, but abandoned his claim on the orders from Rome. In 164 Ptolemy VI was driven out by his brother. He went to Rome and received support from Cato. He was restored the following year. In 152 BC, he briefly ruled jointly with his son, Ptolemy Eupator, but his son probably died that same year. In 145 B.C. he died of battle wounds received against Alexander Balas of Syria. Ptolemy VI ruled uneasily, cruelly suppressing frequent rebellions.
GP84840. Bronze tetrobol, Svoronos 1384 (Cyprus); SNG Cop 287; Noeske 202 (176 - 170 B.C.); Hosking 80; BMC Ptolemies p. 89, 6; Weiser 147; SNG Milan 319, VF, flan flaws, reverse die wear, centration dimples, weight 15.335 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 180 - 176 B.C.; obverse head of (Cleopatra I as) Isis right, wearing grain wreath; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left, ΠA monogram left; $125.00 (111.25)


Kingdom of Numidia, Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.

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Numidia was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived King Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, Jugurtha. Jugurtha had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after Jugurtha killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. Jugurtha surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to face corruption charges. Jugurtha was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to North Africa. The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius Marius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. Marius was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla to neighboring Mauretania to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help of Bocchus I of Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha. In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, Jugurtha was executed.
SL84534. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos MAA 18a; Mazard III 50; Mller Afrique III p. 18, 32; SNG Cop 505 ff.; SGCV II 6597, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3854272-006), weight 16.02 g, maximum diameter 27 mm, die axis 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; obverse laureate head of king left, pointed beard, dot border; reverse horse galloping left, pellet below, linear border; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $120.00 (106.80)







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REFERENCES

RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/

Catalog current as of Saturday, July 22, 2017.
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Roman North Africa