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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of harmony, concord, agreement, understanding, oneness of mind, and marital harmony. The greek name for her was Homonoia. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. Concord between emperors and with the military was especially important and often the subject of coinage. Concordia is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
Aquilia Severa, Augusta 220 and 221 - 222 A.D.
Aquilia Severa was the second and fourth wife of Elagabalus. She was a Vestal Virgin and Elagabalus was the high priest of the sun-god Heliogabal. Elagabalus held parallel marriage ceremonies; Elagabalus married Aquilia and Heliogabal married Vesta. This was extremely offensive to the Romans since Vestal Virgins were prohibited from marriage during their 30-year vow of chastity. Elagabalus and Aquilia, as well as Heliogabal and Vesta, were divorced in order to restore public confidence and Elagabalus was quickly remarried. However, Elagabalus divorced his third wife within a few months and remarried Aquilia Severa. Returning to Aquilia Severa sealed his fate. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered; their bodies were dragged through the streets of Rome and thrown in the Tiber.RS79623. Silver denarius, RIC IV E228 (R), RSC III 6, BMCRE V E337, SRCV II 7680, Hunter III -, VF, porous, edge cracks, reverse slightly off center , weight 2.590 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 220 - 222 A.D.; obverse IVLIA AQVILIA SEVERA AVG, draped bust right, head bare, neatly waved and fastened in a queue at the back; reverseCONCORDIA (harmony), Aquilia Severa and Elagabalus standing facing one another, clasping hands, she wears a stephane, with a fold of drapery over her arm, he holds a roll in his left hand, star between them below hands; rare; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00 ON RESERVE
Faustina Junior, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of Marcus Aurelius
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).RB26685. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III AP1368, BMCRE IV AP2198, Hunter II 50, Cohen III 22, SRCV II 4710, VF, weight 19.689 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, struck under Antoninus Pius, 157 - 161 A.D.; obverse FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair wavy and drawn back into coil at back; reverseAVGVSTI PII FIL (daughter of the pius emperor), Concordia standing left, patera in extended right, cornucopia in left hand, S - C across field below center; $360.00 SALE PRICE $324.00
Julia Paula, Augusta July or August 219 - about September 220 A.D., First Wife of Elagabalus
In 219, Julia Maesa arranged for her grandson Elagabalus to marry Julia Paula. The wedding was a lavish ceremony and Paula was given the honorific title of Augusta. In 220, he divorced her and married Aquilia Severa, a Vestal Virgin.RS79622. Silver denarius, BMCRE V 172, RSC III 6a, RIC IV 211, Hunter III 1, SRCV II 7655, Choice VF, nice portrait, excellent centering, frosty surfaces, weight 3.077 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; obverse IVLIA PAVLA AVG, bare-headed, draped bust right; reverseCONCORDIA (harmony), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, left elbow resting on arm of throne, star in left field; scarce; $260.00 SALE PRICE $234.00
Plautilla, Augusta 202 - 22 January 205 A.D., Wife of Caracalla
Concordia, the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony, did not favor Plautilla and Caracalla. Plautilla and Caracalla hated each other, lived separately, and the marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.RS79620. Silver denarius, RIC IV 363, RSC III 1, BMCRE V 411, SRCV II 7065, Hunter III -, EF, attractive portrait, flan split, weight 3.538 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 202 - 22 Jan 205 A.D.; obverse PLAVTILLA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseCONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia standing half left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; scarce; $210.00 SALE PRICE $189.00
Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.
This type is dedicated to Tacitus' harmony with his soldiers. Harmony with the soldiers was important for an emperor's survival, since many were killed by their own men.RA76993. Billonantoninianus, MER-RIC 3682 (7 examples), SRCV III 11772, RIC V -, BnF XII -, Venèra -, Choice aEF, well centered and struck, most silvering remaining, slight porosity, weight 3.539 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issue 3, phase 2, early 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseCONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Tacitus, on left, standing right, clasping hands with Concordia, standing left, XXIS in exergue; very rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
Sear identifies this denomination for Aurelian as either an as or a reduced sestertius. The as (or reduced sestertius) is a very scarcedenomination this late in the empire.RA76203. Bronze as, MER-RIC 1871, Göbl MIR 145d0(1), BnF XII 297, Hunter IV 33, SRCV III 11646, RIC V 80 var. (officina number), Hunter IV 27 var. (4th officina), VF, well centered, nice green patina, flan crack, weight 6.041 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina(?), Rome mint, issue 11, early - September 275; obverse IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseCONCORDIA AVG (harmony of the Emperor), Emperor and empress clasping hands, above and between them a radiate and draped bust of Sol right; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D., Struck by Aureolus
Struck by Aureolus in the name of Postumus during his hold of Milan against Gallienus. Gallienus died during the siege but the new emperor Claudius brought the rebellion to an end.RA76393. Billonantoninianus, RSC IV 19b, RIC V 373, Elmer 613, Cunetio 2482 - 2493, Mairat 215 ff., Schulzki AGK 6b, Hunter IV - (p. xcv), aEF, attractive portrait, traces of silvering, tight flan, weight 4.209 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 3rd emission, middle 268 A.D.; obverse IMP POSTVMVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseCONCORD EQVIT (harmony with the army), Concordia standing left, right foot on prow, pouring libations from patera in right hand, rudder on globe in left hand, S in exergue; from the Scott Collection; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
In 79 A.D., Mount Vesuvius spawned a deadly cloud of volcanic gas, stones, ash and fumes to a height of 33 km (20.5 miles), spewing molten rock and pulverized pumice at the rate of 1.5 million tons per second, ultimately releasing a hundred thousand times the thermal energy released by the Hiroshima bombing. The towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum were obliterated and buried underneath massive pyroclastic surges and lava. An estimated 16,000 people died from the eruption. Historians have learned about the eruption from the eyewitness account of Pliny the Younger, a Roman administrator and poet.RS79265. Silver denarius, RIC II, part 1, V1081; RSC II 393; BMCRE II V269; BnF III V249; SRCV I 2643, aVF, toned, well centered, bumps and marks, weight 3.203 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 79 A.D.; obverseCAESARAVG F DOMITIANVS COS VI•, laureate head right; reversePRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS (the first of youths), clasped hands holding legionary eagle on prow; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Pergamon and Ephesos
Medallion celebrating the alliance between Ephesus and Pergamum.SH90561. Brass medallion, Franke-Nolle 1546; BMC Mysia -; RPC online -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, aF, rough, pitted, varnished, weight 30.353 g, maximum diameter 41.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, strategos P. Aelius Pius, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M AVPH KOMMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, oval countermark (Severanhead?); reverse EΠI CTP Π AI ΠIOY KOINON OMONOIA, Asklepios on left, standing slightly right, snake entwined staff in right hand; cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus on left, standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arms extended with supports; ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI EΦECIΩN in exergue; HUGE 41mm medallion!; very rare; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
This coin was dedicated to Gallienus' good relations with the army. Gallienus eventually fell out of harmony with his guard and officers. He was ambushed and murdered by his own men. The future emperors ClaudiusGothicus and Aurelian were likely both involved in the conspiracy leading to his assassination.SH77278. Silver antoninianus, Göbl MIR 15u, RIC V J132, RSC IV 131a, SRCV III 10190, Hunter IV J3, Choice VF, excellent portrait, good metal, well centered, ragged flan, flatly struck centers, weight 3.700 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, radiate and cuirassedbust right, from the front; reverse CONCORDIAE EXERCIT (Harmony with the army), Concordia standing facing, head left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00