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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ TanitView Options:  |  |  | 

Tanit

Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 310 - 290 B.C.

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In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.

Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.
SH57451. Electrum stater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 266 (same dies), Alexandropoulos 12, SNG Cop 136, gVF, marks, weight 7.532 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on exergual line, nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, First Punic War, c. 264 - 241 B.C.

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SNG Cop 261 - 268 are similar bronzes dated c. 241 - 221 B.C. with the same types, but also with additional control symbols on the reverse, smaller lighter flans and a far less elegant style. This coin, unpublished in the standard references and the only example known to Forum, is very similar to Jenkins type X electrum trihemshekels, dated c. 264 - 261 B.C.
GB66872. Bronze AE 21, Unpublished(?), cf. Jenkins group Xa (electrum, trihemishekel), SNG Cop 261 ff. (similar AE, inferior style, c. 241 - 221 B.C.), EF/VF, light corrosion on the reverse, weight 7.117 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, Carthage mint, probably c. 241 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants; reverse unbridled horse standing right on exergual line, sun disk with uraei above; extremely rare; SOLD


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, Second Punic War, c. 210 - 202 B.C.

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The Second Punic War, 218 - 201 B.C., is most remembered for Hannibal's crossing of the Alps, followed by his crushing victories over Rome in the battle of the Trebia, at Trasimene, and again at Cannae. After these defeats, many Roman allies joined Carthage, prolonging the war in Italy for over a decade. Against Hannibal's skill on the battlefield, the Romans deployed the Fabian strategy. More capable in siegecraft, the Romans recaptured all the major cities that had defected. The Romans defeated an attempt to reinforce Hannibal at the battle of the Metaurus and, in Iberia, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major took New Carthage and ended Carthaginian rule over Iberia in the Battle of Ilipa. The final showdown was the Battle of Zama in Africa where Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, resulting in the imposition of harsh peace conditions on Carthage, which ceased to be a major power and became a Roman client-state.Hannibal's route of invasion
SH67741. Billon dishekel, Viola 185, Coin Hoards IX, group 3 (single-pendant earring variety), 77 - 96; cf. Alexandropoulos 44; SNG Cop 190; MŁller Afrique 103; SRCV II 6494, VF, struck with a worn obverse die, slightly porous, weight 9.135 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage mint, c. 210 - 202 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, hair wreathed with grain, wearing necklace and single-pendant earring; reverse unbridled horse standing right, palm tree in background, no pellet; scarce; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Monday, June 25, 2018.
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Tanit