Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
notes the VI following the letter may be a mark of value indicating six scrupula.RL76361. , 88 (R4), 16201, 119 (5 fr.), VF, nice green , , some , light cleaning marks, 2.342 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 320 A.D.; , laureate right; D N , , TSΓVI in , no ; very ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, 1 March - 25 December 350 A.D.
The of this coin is dedicated to harmony with the army. Nothing was more important to . The soldiers had made him emperor; yet, as had been proven time and again, an emperor was always at risk that his soldiers would betray and assassinate him.RL84391. maiorina, 135 (R2), 3, II 1663, 18904, 1, 6 var. (A - B across ), F, dark green , light corrosion, slightly off center, 6.244 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 180o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; D N , laureate, draped, and right; (harmony with the soldiers), emperor holding two labara ( standards decorated with Christ ), above, A in left , ∆ in right , •TSA• in ; ; $120.00 (€106.80)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The Roman historian Eutropius says "indulged in great vices," in reference to his homosexuality, and stated that had a reputation for scandalous behavior with "handsome barbarian hostages." Nevertheless, did sponsor a decree alongside that ruled that marriage based on "unnatural" sex should be punished meticulously. However, the decree may have only outlawed homosexual marriage. It may also be that was not expressing his own feeling when promulgating the legislation but was rather trying to placate public outrage at his own perceived indecencies.RL77064. heavy maiorina, 122, II 1649, 18675, 13, 56 var. (3rd ), VF, traces of , , some die wear, some light corrosion, 5.017 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 180o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left on galley, on globe in right hand, ( ) in left, seated in stern steering ship, A in left , TSA in ; $115.00 (€102.35)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.RL74501. Bronze half , 62(a)1 (S), II 1864, 20340, 12 , VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly , 0.925 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 345o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl diademed, draped, and right; REIPVBLICE, campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title , for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.RL79956. , 33, 15382, 222, gVF, much , on a , 3.740 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and right; / MVLT / XXX / •TS•A•, within ; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons , ( an baby) and to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses and , and established his residence at , from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.RL79649. reduced , 20 (R4), 16702B, 109, F, full circles centering, dark green , weak centers, 2.822 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Salonika, ) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate, draped, and right; PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, spear in right hand, on ground in left, •TS•Γ• in ; ; $105.00 (€93.45)
Licinius Junior, , 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
abbreviates Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus, advertising that Licinius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might him achieve his tenth .RL83468. , 41 (R2), 15476, 75, -, VF, much , 3.625 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; LICINIVS IVN , laureate, draped, and right; / MVLT X / CAESS / TS•A• in four lines within ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Licinius Junior, , 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RL74510. , 79 (R2), 68, 15475, -, VF, , much , scratches, 2.570 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 320 A.D.; LICINIVS IVN , laureate, draped, and left; (courage of the army), inscribed in two lines, two bound captives seated back to back at base, flanking ensign, •TS•A• in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
The can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
RL74561. heavy maiorina, 123, II 50, 18136, 46, -, VF, and struck, some , porous, 4.428 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, 4th , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left, with right hand spearing horseman whose mount has fallen, on his left arm, on the ground right, A left, TS∆ in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of
In 309, a plague, possibly related to anthrax, spread across the Roman Empire, causing a drastic decline in the population. Plagues and population decline were perhaps the greatest cause for the decline of Rome.RL84389. , 36, 14592, VF, , dark , areas of corrosion, 5.182 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Salonika, ) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; GAL VALERIA AVG, diademed , shoulders facing, right, wearing embroidered robe; , standing left, raising in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, left, B right, •SM•TS• in ; ex FORVM (2012); $70.00 (€62.30)
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