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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Alexandria||View Options:  |  |  |   

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria struck coins for provincal Egypt before becoming a regular imperial mint. Alexandria was reopened by the Byzantines 525 - 646 A.D. Dates of Operation: 294 - 421 and 457 - 474 A.D. Mintmarks: AL, ALE, ALEX, SMAL.


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT92316. Billon follis, RIC IV Alexandria 144b, cf. Cohen VII 3 (IMP C GAL VALER...), Hunter V 122 (K-P vice K-X), SRCV IV -, Choice EF, perfect full-border centering, bold strike with sharp dies, some silvering, flow lines, minor flan flaw obv. right side, weight 7.910 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 311 - 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GALER VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS (to the good guardian spirit of the pious Emperor), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left, crescent horns up upper left, K lower left, Γ over X right, ALE in exergue; $180.00 (158.40)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT92315. Billon follis, Hunter V 65 (also parallel ties and 2nd officina) RIC VI Alexandria 100a, SRCV IV 14730, Cohen VII 40, Choice EF, golden toned silvering, bold centered strike, flow lines, weight 6.426 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, as caesar, late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right, with parallel ties; reverse GENIO CA-ESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, pouring liquor from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K lower left, B over P right, ALE in exergue; $160.00 (140.80)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Soon after the Feast of Easter 337, Constantine fell seriously ill. He left Constantinople for the hot baths near his mother's city of Helenopolis. There, in a church his mother built in honor of Lucian the Apostle, he prayed, and there he realized that he was dying. He attempted to return to Constantinople, making it only as far as a suburb of Nicomedia. He summoned the bishops, and told them of his hope to be baptized in the River Jordan, where Christ was written to have been baptized. He requested the baptism right away, promising to live a more Christian life should he live through his illness. The bishops, Eusebius records, "performed the sacred ceremonies according to custom." It has been thought that Constantine put off baptism as long as he did so as to be absolved from as much of his sin as possible. Constantine died soon after at a suburban villa called Achyron, on 22 May 337.
RL87872. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V p. 284, 12 (also 1st officina); RIC VIII Alexandria p. 541, 32; LRBC I 1473; SRCV V 17473; Cohen VII 716, EF, excellent centering, brown tone with some silvering, flow lines, reverse center a little weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, posthumous, late 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTINVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse VN - MR (venerabilis memoria - revered memory), Constantine standing slightly right, head right, veiled and togate, raising right hand, SMALA in exergue; ex Beast Coins, ex Malter Galleries; $110.00 (96.80)


Gratian, 24 August 367 - 25 August 383 A.D.

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The actual denomination of this type is unknown. AE 2 means, bronze size 2. This is a modern designation used by Roman coin collectors. AE 2 is a larger denomination than most coins of the period (AE3s and AE4s).
RL91661. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Alexandria 6a, SRCV V 20001, LRBC II 2875, Cohen VIII 25, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, mild crackled corrosion, weight 5.661 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N GRATIANVS P F AVG, helmeted, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right holding spear; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor standing facing in a galley left, head right, raising right hand, Victory seated at the helm steering, wreath left, ALEA in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $100.00 (88.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 315, Constantine the Great and Licinius battled the Sarmates, the Goths and the Carpians along the Danube. Constantine led a punitive expedition into Dacia and reestablished the Roman fortifications of the frontier.
RL91225. Billon follis, RIC VII Alexandria 10 (R2), SRCV IV 15246. Cohen VII 108, Hunter V 233 ff. var. (1st officina not listed), VF, well centered and struck, green patina, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 315 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the two Emperors), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for cloak on left shoulder, Victory on globe with wreath and palm frond in Jupiter's right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle left at feet on left with head turned back and wreath in beak, wreath over A over N in right field, ALE in exergue; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 76 (7 Apr 2019), part of lot 942; scarce; $80.00 (70.40)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D..

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The Roman's believed Jupiter granted protection and success to his favorites, who tended to be people in positions of authority similar to his own.
RT91843. Copper post-reform radiate, Hunter V 111 (also 2st officina), RIC VI Alexandria 46b, SRCV IV 13317, Cohen VII 54, gVF, excellent portrait, red copper patina with orange earthen highlighting, spots of slightest corrosion, reverse slightly off center, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.675 g, maximum diameter 20.97 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus (on left) standing right, short scepter in left hand, Jupiter (on right) standing left, offering Victory on globe with right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, B in center, ALE in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

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In 389, all pagan buildings in Alexandria, including the library, were destroyed on the order of Theodosius.
RL91040. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Alexandria 21(a)2 (S), SRCV V 20493, LRBC II 2910, Cohen 18, Hunter V -, gF, green patina, buff earthen deposits, light corrosion, edge a bit ragged with splits, weight 3.968 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 387 - 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Emperor standing facing, head right, vexillum in right hand, globe in left hand, ALEB in exergue; ex Sayles & Lavender; scarce; $50.00 (44.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO IMPERATORIS dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Imperators. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91638. Billon follis (large), RIC VI Alexandria 101b, Hunter V 229 ff. var. (officina, parallel ties), SRCV IV 15179, Cohen VII 43, VF, well centered, slightly uneven strike with some legend weak, porosity, spots of light corrosion, weight 6.669 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, divergent ties, pointed neck truncation; reverse GENIO IMPERATORIS (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor as Commander in Chief), Genius standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera with right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K left, Γ over P right, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $50.00 (44.00)


Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.

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In 351, Constantius Gallus built a new church in honor of Saint Babylas at Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and transferred the remains of the bishop to it to neutralize the pagan effects of the nearby temple of Apollo. In 362, Julian consulted the oracle of Apollo at the temple in Daphne, but received no answer, and was told that it was because of the proximity of the saint. He had the sarcophagus of the martyr exhumed and removed. A few days later, on October 22, a mysterious fire broke out consuming the roof of the temple and the statue of the god, copied from Phidias' statue of Zeus at Olympia. Julian, suspecting angry Christians, closed the cathedral of Antioch and ordered an investigation. Ammianus Marcellinus reports "a frivolous rumor" laid blame on candles lit by a worshipper late the previous night (XXII, 13). John Chrysostom claimed a bolt of lightning set the temple on fire. The remains of Babylas were reinterred in a church dedicated to him on the other side of the River Orontes.
RL91660. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Alexandria 77, LRBC II 2841, SRCV V 18998, Cohen VIII 17, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered, nice portrait, edge crack, reverse die wear, weight 4.055 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Sep 351 - 253 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right, D behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, ALE∆ in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $50.00 (44.00)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augusti, the Emperors. The figure depicted is the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was then in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RT91631. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 160b, SRCV IV 14843, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 125 ff. var (5th officina not listed), aVF, well centered, burgundy and black patina, rev. center week, bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Alexandria mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genio standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, head of Serapis in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star upper left, N over palm in left field, E in right field, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (39.60)




  



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Catalog current as of Monday, November 18, 2019.
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Alexandria