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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ BaalView Options:  |  |  | 

Baal

Ba'al simply means 'Lord' in Phoenician and was used to describe many local gods. At first the name Ba'al was used by the Jews for their God, but as the struggle between religions developed, the name Ba'al was given up in Judaism. Over time Ba'al became synonymous with Beelzebub.


Persian Empire, Tarsos, Cilicia, Pharnabazos, c. 379 - 374 B.C.

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In 377, Pharnabazos was made commander of a Persian attempt to retake Egypt, which had rebelled and had defeated two previous attempts to retake it. Pharnabazos hired Greek mercenaries under the Athenian general Iphicrates to reinforce his army. A dispute with Iphicrates resulted in failure of the expedition.
GS84908. Silver obol, Casabonne series 4, SNG Levante 76, SNG BnF 257, SNGvA 8645 (uncertain Cilicia), SNG Cop -, BMC Lycaonia -, aEF, toned, slightest corrosion, weight 0.740 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 90o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 379 - 374 B.C.; obverse Baaltars seated half left on backless throne, torso bare, himation around hips and legs and over left shoulder and arm, grounded long lotus-tipped scepter vertical before him in right hand, left hand at waist; reverse head of bearded warrior to left, wearing crested Attic helmet with raised ear flap and adorned with tendril; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 27 (28 May 2016), lot 254; $150.00 (Ä133.50)


Orthosia, Phoenicia, 41 - 40 B.C.

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Orthosia (near modern Arida, Lebanon) was located south of the Eleutheros River (the modern Kabir) in the far north of Phoenicia. It was a refounded by one of the Diadochi but which one is uncertain because the city changed hands frequently. The name Orthosia was derived from an epithet of Artemis and she was the principal divinity of the town.
GB73950. Bronze AE 24, HGC 10 209 (S, this date noted); RPC I - (this date noted p. 644); BMC Phoenicia p. 126, 1 (date obscure); SNG Cop 175 (no visible date); Rouvier -, VF, green patina, light encrustations and marks, edge chip, weight 6.820 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Orthoseia mint, 41 - 40 B.C.; obverse turreted head of Tyche right; reverse Baal of Orthosia standing on two winged lion-griffins, L∆K (year 24 of the Pompeian Era) horizontal on left, OPΘΩΣIEΩN in exergue; while others with this date are known to exist, we could not find another example; this date very rare; $120.00 (Ä106.80)


Ziz (Panormos), Punic Sicily, c. 405 - 380 B.C.

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Some authorities have identified the male head on the obverse as Apollo. Indeed, on some examples the head does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the head seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or Baal. The type usually has the Punic ethnic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.
GS66771. Silver obol, cf. Jenkins Punic (SNR 50) 14; BMC Sicily p. 249, 27; SNG ANS 551; SGCV I 889 (all w/ Punic ethnic "sys" above bull), aVF, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 9.14 mm, die axis 45o, Ziz (Palermo, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; obverse male head left; reverse Man-faced bull advancing left, head turned facing; $85.00 (Ä75.65)







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Baal